Work done by children that eliminate their childhood joys and puts them in a state of forced labour is termed child labour. Child labour creates an inferiority complex in kids, and they wouldn’t be able to participate actively in society with their counterparts. The United Nations prohibits the employment of children below 14 in factories and industries.
Ten Lines on Child Labour
- Employing young children below the age of 14 in occupations that take away their beautiful childhood from them is referred to as child labour.
- Many economically weak families send their children to odd jobs to earn a livelihood instead of sending them to school.
- Small children who are forced into child labour miss out on their golden days of childhood right to education; their potential abilities are masked and leave a permanent scar on their dignity.
- Most of the time, these workplaces prove to be hazardous for the kids and do not employ safety practices to protect the health and interest of small children.
- They face physical, mental, psychological, and social stress and bring down their self-esteem to face society boldly.
- At a very early age, children face separation from their families and lose sanctity in relationships for an entire lifetime.
- Bonded labour is one of the popular ugly practices of child labour looming large even today in rural pockets of India.
- People employ children for cheap work as they quickly become pawns in the hands of overpowering elders and can heed all their words without raising any voice.
- Some of the areas where child labour exists in today’s economy are the agricultural sector, construction fields, fishing industry, and hotels.
- Many anti-social activities like child trafficking and abduction of children for illegal transportation to other countries have only helped child labour crimes to increase by the day.
- Children being treated as slaves for odd jobs that are age-inappropriate to earn a square meal for their low-income family are one of the factors of child labour.
- In this regard, children could either be forcefully employed by seeking their parents’ consent or voluntarily employed by the child’s willingness.
- Poor living conditions, elders’ inability to provide for family needs, economic deterioration, and lack of education are the primary causes behind child labour.
- Education is a fundamental right of every individual, and children who have deprived of this knowledge face a very bleak future and tend to live in ignorance.
- Children are hired for low wages but greater efficiency, making the business profitable at the cost of a child’s life.
- According to a census report released in 2011, there were around 10.1 million child labourers in India alone, in the primary age group of 5 to 14 years.
- The normal formative and creative development of a child is hampered due to his/her occupation with tasks that are not right for his age, causing many disorders in them.
- It is considered illegal and unconstitutional to employ small children at the workplace without sending them to schools, but the practice continues at many places without being checked.
- Some of the states in India where child labour is being practiced even today are northern Karnataka, Jharkhand, Orissa, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar.
- Poverty, hunger, corruption, ignorance, lack of education, and overpopulation are significant reasons child labour is still not removed from our society.
- A UNICEF report prepared with years of exhaustive research has concluded that countries in the African continent have the most number of child labour cases, and they don’t cease to reduce soon.
- One of the most common scenarios in rural pockets of the country is the existence of families that are overburdened with 5 to 6 children per house and the lack of basic amenities to survive, forcing kids to go out for work every day.
- Even in the most advanced days of modernism, some people have no access to education and suffer from a severe economic crisis, backed with low-income family planning leading to child labour.
- The government has enacted the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act 1986 to reduce the number of cases of child labour in industries and factories.
- Kailash Satyarthi is a big name in the circles of child labour as he brought the international community to focus on the burning issues of children employed as daily wage workers and domestic help and to arrange for their rehabilitation suitably.
- Bonded labour is one of the significant reasons this practice continues in our country, where poor farmers send their kids to work in fields in return for the debt they owe to landlords.
- Fireworks industries, cigarette manufacturing units, and incense stick factories employ a lot of children under 14 as the work suits the age group, and they can be hired for cheap labour.
- The number of child deaths occurring at mining centres and quarry units due to a lack of protective measures increases day by day, but the government is not ready to take concrete steps to ensure their safety.
- The right to education act of 2009 provides free and compulsory education to all children below the age of 14 years. This law aims to bring a transformational change in child employment in the country.
- In 1952, the government passed the Indian Mines Act that prohibits the employment of children into labour activities below the age of 18, but strict enforcement of these laws is a far sight away.
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