Mahatma Gandhi is a prominent figure in India’s history. He inspired and led thousands of Indians to fight for their independence during the British colonial rule. He had a great influence on both Indians and the British. He actively shouldered long fasts as an act of protest and self-purification in the British’s face. He fought for the civil rights of Indians and South Africans. His sacrifice and leadership impacted the native Indians to drive towards the independence of 1947 and finally call their land their own.
Ten Lines on Mahatma Gandhi
- Mahatma Gandhi was born on the 2nd of October, 1869, to an Indian Gujarati family.
- He completed his primary and secondary education from two schools in Rajkot.
- He got married to Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia at the age of 13.
- On September 4th, 1888, Gandhi left India to pursue a degree in Law in London.
- In 1893 he left for South Africa to practice law and spent 21 years there.
- Gandhi met with a lot of prejudice there, which led him to fight for their civil rights and establish the Natal Indian Congress in 1894.
- He fought alongside the South Africans against the Apartheid movement and later established a community preaching ‘peaceful resistance’.
- He was appointed the leader of the Indian National Congress in 1920 and led the men to struggle for India’s independence.
- In 1942, Gandhi and all the resistors were imprisoned.
- After a lot of struggle, the Muslim League agreed to a separate Muslim country, Pakistan, and independence of both India and Pakistan was achieved in August 1947.
- Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian Nationalist activist a renowned freedom fighter.
- His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, and he was born in a Hindu family in Porbandar, India.
- Gandhi was an average student, and he dropped out of Samaldas College and went on to pursue law in London in 1888.
- His failed attempts to practice law in India led him to South Africa, where he fought against discrimination and prejudices against Indians.
- After the break out of the Zulu war in 1906, Gandhi, with 20 other men, acted as nurses and treated the wounds of the victims.
- He came back to India in 1915 and was introduced to the Indian National Congress by Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation movement in 1919 and urged his countrymen to rebel by boycotting all the British goods-
- ‘Swadeshi Policy’, and take upon ‘Swaraj’ or self-rule.
- Due to the ‘Khilafat Movement’, his co-operation with the Muslim communities also fell around this time.
- Nevertheless, Gandhi and his followers continued maintaining Swaraj, which ultimately led to the independence of Lahore on December 31st, 1929.
- Gandhi had plenty of enemies due to his popularity, and he was murdered by a Hindu nationalist on January 30th, 1948.
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2nd, 1869, to a Hindu Gujarati family, in a coastal town of Kathiawar Peninsula.
- His father was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, and his mother was Putlibai, Karamchand’s fourth wife.
- Gandhi was the youngest of their four children and had five siblings.
- He got married to Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia in 1883, who gave birth to four children.
- He got his Law degree from University College, London, and later went to South Africa to practice law.
- Gandhi fought for the rights of Indians after returning to India in 1915.
- He gave birth to and led a lot of movements such as ‘Non-Cooperation’ (1919), ‘Quit India’ (1942), and the Champaran Agitation in Bihar (1917).
- He was arrested countless times on several charges, but the support of the people brought him back.
- Such was his influence that people from all over the country came to meet with him and join him on his Salt Satyagraha (Dandi March) against the imposition of tax on salt in 1930.
- This inspirational figure, who was affectionately called ‘Bapu,’ was killed due to three bullet wounds fired by Nathuram Godse in 1948, at the age of 78.
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