Short Paragraph on A. P. J. Abdul Kalam – 150 Words
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam for short, who is also known as the ‘Missile man of India’, was born on 15th of October 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. He was a man who devoted his life to science, education, and our country. His love for mathematics and science led him to complete his degree in physics from Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli in 1954.
He also studied aerospace engineering from the Madras Institute Of Technology. Although he could not fulfil his dream of becoming a fighter pilot, he didn’t break down. He went on to work as a scientist at the Aeronautical Development Establishment. He later switched jobs and successfully launched the ‘Rohini’ satellite in 1980.
Impressed by his work, the government initiated an advanced missile programme under his jurisdiction. His brilliance was not bound to just science and research. He was elected as the 11th president of India in 2002.
As the president, Kalam signed the ‘Office Of Profit Bill’ and also became the third president to receive the Bharat Ratna award. After his five year term, he decided not to sit for the next presidential election and went on to share his knowledge and wisdom as a professor at many esteemed universities.
He also wrote many books, among which ‘Wings of Fire’, ‘My Journey’, and ‘Ignited Minds’ are noteworthy. Kalam led a long and fruitful life but met his demise on 27th of July 2015 five minutes into delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute Of Management, Shillong. The ‘People’s President of India’ was put to rest in his hometown Rameswaram’s Pei Karumbu ground with over 350,000 people at his last rites.
Paragraph on APJ Abdul Kalam – 350 Words
A.P.J Abdul Kalam, who is also affectionately known as the ‘People’s President of India’ was born to Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma on the Pamban Island of Rameswaram on 15th October 1931. He was known for his achievements in science and politics, and ultimately as an educationist. Kalam grew up in poverty with his three brothers and a sister.
As a child, he used to sell newspapers to contribute to the monthly income of his family. Although he did not get the best grades, as a school student, Kalam was known to be keen and hardworking. However, he went on to attend the department of physics at Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli and the department of aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology.
After graduating from Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, he became a member of the Defence Research and Development Service. He went on to work as a scientist in the Aeronautical Development Establishment, where he designed his first hovercraft. However, he wasn’t satisfied with his career decision and swiftly switched to the Indian Space Research Organization.
As the project director, he was responsible for India’s first Launch Vehicle known as SLV-III. He deployed the ‘Rohini’ satellite in July 1980. He was also behind the projects for the development of ballistic missiles from the technology of the SLV programme.
Later, he was appointed as the chief executive of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme by R Venkatraman. His contributions and success in science and missile technology led him to be known as the ‘Missile Man of India’.
Kalam was elected as the people’s president of India in 2002. He went on to make a massive impact on the people of India by signing the ‘Office of Profit Bill’ and taking the decision of imposing President’s Rule in Bihar.
After his tenure, Kalam went on to spread his knowledge by taking the position of a professor in the Indian Institute Of Management. He was also an honorary fellow at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram.
During his candidature, he became the third president to receive the Bharat Ratna award. He was also the bearer of seven honorary doctorates from 40 universities. He received the Padma Bhushan in 1981. He also received the Von Braun Award from the National Space Society.
Abdul kalam went on to author books and biographies. His ‘Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology’ is still a popular book among students and researchers. His biography ‘Wings of Fire’ published in 1999 is even seen on shelves in book stores.
A.P.J. Abdul kalam was no doubt a benevolent factor in the growth and development of India. However, while giving a speech in the Indian Institute Of Management, Shillong, he suddenly lost consciousness. He passed away in Bethany Hospital, Shillong.
After a lot of ceremonies and services at his residence in Delhi, his body was brought to Rameswaram where he now rests in peace. The contributions of Abdul Kalam will never be forgotten as he still lives through the inspiration he has provided in the fields of research, development, technology, and education.