Speech on Article 370: Article 370 of the Indian constitution offers special powers to J&K. The land in J&K is widely disputed; therefore, special provisions were created. Citizenship, fundamental rights and land property rights have exclusive representations in article 370. Non-J&K residents didn’t have any rights to buy land in the state. On August 5th, 20219, a landmark judgement was passed for the abrogation of Article 370. This led to the division of J&K into two separate states- J&K and Ladakh regions.
Speech on Article 370 in 500 Words
Below we have provided a speech on Article 370 in English, written in easy and simple words for class 7, 8, 9 and 10 school students.
A warm welcome to everyone present here. Today I am here to share my thoughts on Article 370. It is one of the most discussed topics nowadays. Article 370 acknowledges the special status of Jammu & Kashmir, which is different from the rest of the residents of Indians. It always created discrimination between the residents of Jammu & Kashmir & rest of the Indians. It came into force in 1949.
Let me throw some knowledge on the history of the same. Back in 1947 when India got independence from the Britishers, Jammu & Kashmir was a princely state which did not agree to unite with India. Hari Singh then ruled the province. But soon after independence in October 1947, Pakistan tried to attack Jammu & Kashmir to acquire it fully. Hari Singh then asked India help to fight with the Pakistan Army.
India did help under the condition that it will come along & unite with India. India promised to give it a special status under Article 370 of the constitution. Since then, Jammu & Kashmir has been the subject of the clash between India & Pakistan for the full control of the territory. India & Pakistan subsequently went into several wars, with which each came to control different parts of the territory with a ceasefire line agreed.
Now let me tell you how this special status impacted people? All the provisions which were applicable for all other states of India were not applicable for Jammu & Kashmir until & unless it has been passed in the state assembly. This was applicable for all the laws except for defence, foreign affairs, finance & communication. The people of J & K live under a different set of laws regarding citizenship, property & fundamental rights.
The residents were given dual citizenship. The election was conducted at an interval of every six years, not in five years. Many more other laws were different from the rest of the country. Now Article 370 also had drawbacks. No one from outside the state can settle there, so which resulted in deficient job creation—several other problems like corruption, slower economic growth & many more.
Article 370 was a temporary provision & on 5th August 2019 government of India revoked it. Repealing of Article 370 has given equal opportunity to the residents of Jammu & Kashmir as other citizens of India. Now all the measures can be taken to improve the economic status of Jammu & Kashmir. It is now part of India without under any special provision; it is same as all the other states. We all have the same nationality, same law & rights. We all are proud to be Indians.