500+ Words Essay on Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh was a great freedom fighter whose name will always be taken in the list of struggler’s. He was born on 11th November 1907 at Banga Village of Lyallpur district, Punjab, which is now in Pakistan. His grandfather, Arjun Singh and Uncle Swarn Singh were a freedom fighter that influenced him towards freedom of India. They were the members of the Ghadar Party. On 15th August 1947, Ajit Singh died while in 1910, Swarn Singh was killed due to tortures of the British.
Bhagat Singh’s Family Background
Kishan Singh and Vidyavati were the parents of Bhagat Singh. He had nine siblings named as Jagat Singh, Ranbir Singh, Rajinder Singh, Kulbir Singh, Kultar Singh, Amar Kaur, Prakash Kaur, and Shakuntala Devi. On his birthday day, his father and grandfather were released from jail.
Prakash Kaur was the last surviving sister of Bhagat Singh. She also passed away on 28th September 2014. She was living in Toronto, Canada with his son Rupinder Singh. Distant grandchildren of Bhagat Singh- Virender Singh, Inderjit Singh, and Kiranjit Singh still appear publicly on several occasions.
About his Childhood
Bhagat Singh was born in the family that was eager to get freedom. He was famous for his revolutionary and heroic acts. His father and grandfather were renowned freedom fighters as the Gandhian ideology supported both.
Since his childhood, they wanted people should come out in masses against the British. He was very loyal towards the country and his desire to get freedom was on his priority. His only this wish was running in his veins and blood.
Bhagat Singh’s Education
Bhagat Singh was a brilliant student in his school. His bravery made his fame in his school. When he was 13 year of age, he left the school as being of boycotting government-aided institutions. After this, he admitted at National College at Lahore where he studied European revolutionary movements which influenced him massively.
The famous revolutionary Kartar Singh Sarabha was his role model. In his childhood, he went to the Jallianwalah Bagh massacre and also inspired to force the British rulers to leave India.
Bhagat Singh as a Freedom Fighter
Bhagat Singh was highly inspired with articles written about the European nationalist movements in 1925. For his national movement, he founded the Naujavan Bharat Sabha. After, he took a step to join the Hindustan Republican Association where he got contacted with eminent revolutionary named as Rajguru, Sukhdev, and Chandrashekhar Azad.
Besides, he was also getting influenced by reading the articles written in the Kirti Kisan Party’s magazine. At that time, his parents wanted him to get married. However, he denied their proposal. When his parents forced him for marriage, he replied he wanted to dedicate his whole life to get his country free from British.
His continuous efforts made him famous as revolutionary. His struggles against the British made him arrested by the British police in May 1927. However, he got released from jail after some months. Then, he again participated in writing revolutionary articles for newspapers.
The Turning Point for Bhagat Singh
Due to the evolution of the Simon Commission in 1928 by the British government to discuss autonomy for the Indians, many political organizations boycotted as this commission didn’t invite any Indian representative.
The Lala Lajpat Rai protested this same protest. For this, he led a procession and also a march towards the Lahore station. To control this mob, there was hefty Lathi charge by the police where it was brutally hitting the protestors. This hefty Lathi charge made the Lala Lajpat Rai seriously injured, and he got hospitalised. After some weeks of treatment, he was unable to survive.
His death made the Bhagat Singh highly enraged and eager to take the revenge of the end of Lala Lajpat Rai. First, Bhagat Singh killed British police officer (John P. Saunders) and after, with his partners, he bombed the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. When the incident came into consideration of the police, then he arrested him and his partners, where they also confessed their involvement in the event.
When Bhagat Singh and his partners were in prison, they were in a hunger strike. And on 23rd March 1931, he with his partner Sukhdev and Rajguru, hanged to death. He was only 23 at that time. Their bodies were secretly cremated on the outskirts of Hussaniniwala village and Ganga Singh Wala village located at the banks of Sutlej. Their ashes were also flown into the river secretly.
Lesser Known Facts about Bhagat Singh
His bravery and enthusiasm towards the freedom made our country free. He got the title of Shaheed Bhagat Singh. He is an icon for the youth of India. His sacrifice will never be omitted in our motherland.
Indeed, India will not get any true patriot like him. His contribution inspired the youth of the nation to fight to get freedom. He is always remembered as Shaheed Bhagat Singh.
- When his parents forced him to get married, he left his home by saying that if he marries in slave India, then my bride shall only be death. Then he took participated in Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
- Even though he was Sikh by birth, he cut his hair and shaved his beard to ignore being recognized for arrest. He was also successful in getting away from Lahore to Calcutta.
- When he with his fellow Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in the Central Assembly Hall in Delhi, he didn’t stop shouting the ‘Inquilab Zindabad’.
- He, with his fellows, kept on hunger strike because he considered that prisoners of foreign origin were getting better treatment than Indians.
- His hanging death was announced on 24th March 1931. However, he was hanged before 11 hours, i.e. on 23rd March 1931 at 7:30 p.m.
- No magistrate was willing to hang him. After a few days of waiting and when his final death warrant was expired, only an honorary judge oversaw the hanging.
To honour the Bhagat Singh, a ceremony held to unveil a statue of Shaheed Bhagat Singh on 15th August 2008 in New Delhi. This statue is standing outside the Parliament House in courtyard number 5 in the capital of India- New Delhi.