Essay on Biodiversity: The vast array of animal and plant life in our environment is called biodiversity. The rich flora and fauna that maintain ecological balance are classified under various groups in biodiversity. Conservation of biodiversity is essential for the future of our planet. Due to man’s carelessness, many species turn out to be extinct. Destruction of forests and important species of animals and microorganisms endangers the planet.
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Essay on Biodiversity 500 Words in English
Below we have provided Biodiversity Essay in English, suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.
Biodiversity, also referred to as biological diversity is the variations that occur within the environment of many organisms. Such living species include sea, ground, and aquatic life. Biodiversity seeks to recognize the roles in the larger world that these species hold. Diversity is a natural hallmark. Things exist in various forms which create diversity. Biodiversity on the Earth’s surface is an essential and beneficial variability in plant and animal life. Owing to biology, insects, and the ecosystem or habitat, the variability occurs. Biodiversity is an essential feature of the world as it allows living creatures on Earth to flourish and be maintained.
Types of Biodiversity
Based on the individual conditions, the variability in living organisms has resulted in various forms of biodiversity. Genetic variation is due to the standard genetic constituents of living species. Species with identical genes diverge, thereby increasing heterogeneity, and evolve differently. Diversity of organisms occurs when an ecosystem contains various types of living things. Ecological diversity is the interaction of living organisms, which share familiar energy sources in an ecosystem that contributes to biodiversity.
Importance of Biodiversity
Biodiversity’s importance does not lie exclusively in the existence of various species on Earth. This is also of national, political, and economic significance. Biodiversity is of critical importance in maintaining nature’s balance. This is, therefore, important to sustain the food chain. One species may be the food for another species, and through this food chain, different species are related to each other. Apart from this, biodiversity is also of scientific interest.
The research and breeding projects include species diversity if these animals cease to exist, so it would not be possible to provide such programmes. Besides, many plants and animals also make up most of the medications and medicines that are important for the cure of many diseases. For example, penicillin is a fungus from which the antibiotic of penicillin is extracted. Another significant feature of biodiversity is that it provides food for all, including humans.
All the food we consume is either derived from plants or animals like fish and other marine animals. They are also the basis for agricultural practices of new crops, pesticides and the raw material. For industrial usage, biodiversity is also significant. We get a lot of items from animals like fur, honey, leather and pearls. Also, we procure timber for plants which are the source of the paper we use in our everyday lives. Tea, coffee and other beverages, dried fruits and our daily fruits and vegetables are all obtained from the various plants.
Loss of Biodiversity
The biodiversity of the Earth is going through a serious decline, and that is a great danger to the human race. Many factors are contributing to the extinction of biological organisms, the most important being human behaviour. Humans ruin forests for the building of houses and offices. Human beings are in effect, destroying the natural habitat of many plants and animals by deforestation. All new technological advances are dangerous for the environment.
We cannot even find any bird species today because the noise pollution is growing. Global warming is yet another explanation for biodiversity loss. Many species require a different environment for survival and these species either migrate or become extinct as the climatic conditions change continuously. A good example is a decline in the number of coral reefs.
Conservation of Biodiversity
Governments around the world have been taking steps to protect the remaining biodiversity on Earth. There are dedicated national parks, for example, that assign the region to wild animals and plants, and reduce human interference in their lives. To protect the fragile and endangered species, numerous wildlife management initiatives are in place. Project Tiger, for example, is one of those steps in place to increase the tiger population in our country.
Several regulations in effect make killing vulnerable and endangered species a criminal offence. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Science and Cultural Organization) and IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) have also implemented several projects to protect different species at an international level.