Essay on Blood Donation
“Every blood donor is a life saver.”
Blood donation is the noble act of voluntarily, giving blood to be used for moral purposes. The blood is made available to people who need it and lives are saved on time. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has recognised June 14th as the World Blood Donor Day. It was first started in the year 2004.
This day aims at raising awareness about the need for blood donation and for thanking all the selfless souls who give their blood so that the lives of others can be protected. The theme for the World Blood Donor Day in 2019 was “Safe blood for all”, and in 2018, it was “Blood connects us all”. Various blood drives are organised on this day in offices, colleges, schools, community centres, etc. Donating blood does not cost anything to the donor, and he gets it done penniless.
Importance of Blood Donation
According to research, every 1 in 7 patients admitted to a hospital requires blood. The requirement arises in plenty in cases involving post-accident traumas, surgeries, anaemia, cancer and pregnancy. Hospitals and blood banks always require ready units of blood of every blood group. Only then can they be successful in treating the precious lives of people.
Blood is a liquid which cannot be stored for long. It can be kept only for a very limited amount of time. Worldwide, there exists a shortage of blood units by about thirty to thirty-five per cent. Therefore, blood donation is encouraged by people who are healthy and eligible. The criteria for eligibility are numerous.
Some of them include the following; The donor should be between eighteen to sixty years of age, he or she should not be suffering from or have a history of cancer or any blood-clotting disease, the person should not be HIV positive, and his or her weight should be above forty-five kilograms.
Blood Donation Procedure
Most blood donations have a standard procedure that is followed. When you are called to give blood, you will be seated in a reclining chair. It is up to you whether you want to give it lying down or while being seated. A small part of your hand is cleaned where a sterile needle is inserted to extract blood.
One pint of your blood is taken, which takes about eight to ten minutes. After that, the staff member removes the needle and bandages the arm. To promote the spirit of donation among the youth, certificates and goodies are also given after completion of the process.
Myths related to Blood Donation
Although people are happy donating blood, yet many are still sceptical of some issues and hold a few concerns. They think that they might contract diseases because of the needles and syringes used and hygiene issues. But that is not true. All organisations carrying out a blood donation drive work according to strict guidelines and procedures, as mentioned by the World Health Organisation.
A new needle is used for every donor so that there is no chance of any transmission or transfer of germs. Patients who have diabetes have a wrong notion that they aren’t eligible to donate blood.
In fact, diabetic patients who are on oral medication, and are not insulin-dependent are more than fit to give blood. Some people feel that giving blood weakens them and are under the false conception that they can give blood only once a year.
But the truth is that our body makes up for the lost blood within one or two weeks and hence, an average and healthy person can donate blood every three to six months.
Statistics show that ninety-four percent of the blood donation is done by men, and women contribute only six per cent. The reason is physiological factors. Women need to be given pre-donation counselling which will help them make a wise decision.
Benefits of Blood Donation
People who donate blood are less prone to the danger of heart attacks and cancers. The reason is because of donating blood from time to time; their blood flows in such a way that is less damaging to the blood vessels lining and also results in fewer arterial blockages.
Before being given the green light for donating blood, a sample of it is taken to a lab to be tested. Thirteen different types of tests are performed on it, and if anything comes out to be positive, you are immediately notified. You also get to know about your pulse, heart rate and blood pressure.
This is like getting a full health check-up without paying any fee or amount. Studies have also shown that people who donate blood tend to live longer by as much as four years.
The most significant benefit of this is that you feel proud and find joy in the fact that you have contributed something to help save the lives of other people. Blood donation also helps in reducing stress and getting rid of negative thoughts and emotions. It promotes the feeling of a sense of belonging and betters a person’s mental health.
There is no greater service than social service. A single unit of blood taken from one person can help save the lives of up to three people. It is okay to feel dizzy or nauseous after giving blood. One should make sure that they rest well and eat a nutritious meal after performing this noble action.
It is crucial to think of donating blood as a human duty. Do not ponder upon the misconception that if you give blood, your body will become weak. You are the reason why so many lives are saved.
This activity of blood donation creates so many invisible bonds between people in need and people who like to give. Healthcare providers should aim at increasing social awareness about blood donation, and people should be more welcome to the idea of serving others.