What is the full form of CDS?
The Combined Defense Services (CDS) is an All India level exam conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). The exam is designed by Central government and is conducted to assign job responsibilities related to Indian Armed Forces.
It is conducted twice in a year for typical recruitment into Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Officers Training Academy, and Indian Air Force Academy.
The respective notifications are released in the month of June and October and the examinations are generally conducted in the month of February and November, respectively.
- For Indian Military Academy – Aspirant should be unmarried and only male.
- For Naval Force Academy – Aspirant should be unmarried and only male.
- For Air Force Academy – Unmarried aspirant below 25 years of age.
- Selected candidates are not allowed to get married during their training period.
- Married candidates above 25 years of age are eligible, provided that such candidate is not supposed to live with their family out of the premises.
- For Officers Training Academy – SSC for Men – Only unmarried ale candidates are eligible to apply.
- For Officers Training Academy – SSC Women for Non- Technical Courses – Unmarried women, Issue less women, widow and not remarried, Issue less divorcee on document and not remarried.
Male divorce and widower are not considered as unmarried male category and therefore are not eligible to apply in combined defense service exam.
The aspirants appearing in the CDS examination should belong to any of the following nationality –
- Citizen of India
- Subject of Nepal, or
- Subject of Bhutan, or
- A Tibetan Refugee who migrated to India before the date January 1, 1962 with an aim to settle down permanently in India, or
- A person of Indian origin but have should have migrated from any of the following countries – United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia, East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or Vietnam, with a strong intention to settle down in India
All the above condition except the first situation, the aspirant should have a certificate of eligibility which has been issued by the Government to appear in the exam. This certificate is not mandatory for the aspirants who are from Gorkha subjects of Nepal.
The exam is to be taken by only those candidates who are either graduate or post graduate, in any field from any recognised University as per the UGC.
These degrees have major role to play when it comes to the actual job role of the candidate. Furthermore, the detailed educational qualification necessary for being eligible for appearing in CDS exams is as follows –
- For IMA (Indian Military Academy)/OTA (Officers Training Academy) – A degree from any recognised university under UGC or any equivalent course.
- For Indian Naval Academy – Degree in Engineering from any recognised University or Institution
- For Air Force Academy (AFA) – Degree of a recognised University with Physics and Mathematics at the level of 10+2 or should have a bachelor in Engineering (B.Tech) from any recognised University or Institution.
Candidates appearing in their final year main examination of their so ever qualifying degree are also eligible to apply for the exam. Furthermore, such candidates have to submit the qualifying degree of their exam undertaken at the time of commencement of the course.
- Indian Military Academy (IMA) – For CDS 1 – The aspirant should not be born before than January 2, 1995 and later than January 1, 2000. However, for CDS 2 – The aspirant should not be born earlier than July 2, 1995 and later than July 1, 2000.
- Indian Naval Academy (INA) – For CDS 1 – The aspirant should not be born before than January 2, 1995 and later than January 1, 2000. However, For CDS 2- The aspirant should not be born earlier than July 2, 1995 and later than July 1, 2000.
- Air Force Academy (AFA) – For CDS 1 – The aspirant should not be born before than January 2, 1995 and later than January 1, 1999. However, For CDS 2 – The aspirant should not be born earlier than July 2, 1995 and later than July 1, 1999.
- Officers Training Academy (OTA) – For CDS 1 – The aspirant should not be born before than January 2, 1994 and later than January 1, 2000. However, For CDS 2 – The aspirant should not be born earlier than July 2, 1994 and later than July 1, 2000.
Also, for AFA the maximum age limit of the aspirant is of no limit for those who possess current Commercial Pilot license from DGCA up to 26 years, therefore calculatedly the aspirant should not be born earlier than January 2, 1993 and after January 1, 1999 for CDS 1 and CDS 2 the lower date is of July 2, 1993 and upper is July 1, 1999.
How to apply in CDS exam?
Aspirants are expected to apply online on the website of www.upsconline.nic.in. Candidates except who are exempted from the payment scale on the basis of their caste are expected to pay Rs. 200 either in the form of cash by depositing it in SBI bank or by net banking facility of SBI.
How to download Admit card?
Aspirants are expected to download admit card online from the website of www.upsc.gov.in three weeks before the actual exam date. This is expected to release by October of the year.
The exam for CDS is conducted in three different phases. In first stage, written exam is conducted followed by a medical test for assessing the physical and mental fitness as per the requirement of the job and an interview is conducted.
After the written test is over, the candidate is expected to take a SSB interview which is conducted for 3-4 days. Various parameters are tested at the time of interview which comprises of psychological test, group discussion, intelligence test, group activities to check different skills of the candidates.
Exam pattern for Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force are –
Three subjects of General Awareness, English, and Mathematics of maximum of 100 mark each with 2 hours each. Objective type’s questions are asked in each paper which are to be answered within a given set of time.
Exam pattern for Officer Training Academy (OTA)
Two subjects comprising of General Awareness and English of 100 marks each and of 2 hours each are set to get analyzed on objective type’s questions again within the set time period itself.
Both the exams are set under the pattern of negative marking, 1/3rd of the marks assigned to the questions are deducted from the total marks of the correct questions on every wrong answer. Also, unanswered questions were not charged or deemed to reduce any marks.
The exam result is declared in the month of December every year and merit list is prepared including all the stages of the exam and medical fitness test. The result is published on the official website of UPSC.
Thus, the above guide suffices the essentials for qualifying the exams like CDS and score high in the same to turn your dream into reality. All the Best!!!! 🙂