India will be celebrating its 72nd year of independence in on 15th August, 2019 but if we look around we are acquaint with the fact that India is still in a process of becoming a developed country. There are many problems rooted in India and since 71 years we are trying hard to get rid of them.
Some problems are new to us while some of them have been accompanying us from a very long time. Few problems like poverty, population, social evils etc. are still prevalent in the country. India is a very rich country with a potential to become a superpower, and for achieving this, the country need changes.
Way back at the time when Britishers were ruling our land, we dreamt of become a free country and today we are a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic which provide us justice, liberty and equality. Much has been already done by our freedom fighters, now it is the responsibility of the youth of the nation to contribute their efforts, skills and ideas for the betterment of the nation.
The list compromise of changes that should take place in India compromises of many items and thus, it is not a matter of day to achieve every change. The process will take time and the country will have to face many challenges but, once it overcomes all hindrances, a new India will take birth. This new India will be different from the India which was born 71 years back with many problems. A few issues that need to be changed are discussed in detail.
The Political Setup of India
The aim of politics in India is to prepare agenda for winning the upcoming elections. Very less is done for the citizen of the country. Those policies are given importance which is capable of attracting handsome amount of votes. The situation is not the same today, the people are aware of their rights and duties and they question the divergent actions of government. Therefore democracy needs active citizens who takes interest in politics and checks the activities and policies of the government.
- The Change in Dynasty rule
The other change that India wants is to remove the dynasty rule. There are many families in India who have been giving prominent minters in politics, but not every person is family has skills to become a minister and it makes the development process difficult.
- Rooted Corruption
Corruption in politics is very common. Many politicians are always in a rush to fill their trunks and in this process they avoid to perform their primary role of welfare. Some of the parties are also involved in criminal activities like murder, rioting etc. and therefore the Representation of People Act, 1951 has disallowed the parties to give tickets to the candidates which are backed by serious criminal charges.
- Merit based System
India also needs well educated people in its governance. Proper educational qualification along with adequate skills required for performing the task should be must for a person to become a politician. Many developments took place so far and the needs of today could only be understood by a person who has sufficient education. This change, if adopted will change the process of governance and the ideologies of well educated and talented people will help the country to flourish.
Strengthening of Law
- Tenure of Imprisonment
For a country to progress, a strong law is must. The government is involved in enacting many new legislation and amending the older legislation according to the needs of the society. But there are certain flaws within the enactments which make it insufficient to tackle the criminal minded people. The term of imprisonment for crimes according to the Criminal Procedure Act, has been very less as compared to the quantum of crime. India believes in inflicting reformative punishments which do not justify with the crime committed.
- Changes in Monetary Punishments
The law should give change the amount for its monetary punishment. The fines should be such that it puts burden on the criminal and deters him and others to commit the crime again. If we look into the Hindu Marriage Act, the fine for not having a marriage certificate is Rs. 25, which is very less and could be paid by any. Though it’s not a serious crime but it makes people lazy and they like the idea of paying Rs. 25 as fine rather than getting the marriage registered by following the given procedure.
- Safety of Women
A strong criminal law is the need of the society as the crimes against women are increasing. The woman gives life and her life is in danger. A country can progress if the women of the nation feel safe. Every girl should have the right to live and female infanticides to be completely abolished.
- Additional laws and strong implications
Strict laws should also be made for unnecessary use of private vehicles this will force the people to use the public transport which in turn reduce the traffic, pollution and the consumption of fuel.
Mere formulation of law is no solution but a strong and overall implementation is also needed. Every person should get the benefit of law and the rights of the citizen should always be protected.
- Restriction free business
A strong economy is the one which has a strong gross domestic product. India is a very fast growing economy but still many changes are required to make it one of the biggest economies of the world. There need to simply the procedure of doing a business. The businessman finds it difficult to conduct business in India as their actions are regulated by strict monitoring, inspections and monitoring. These restrictions stop a person to get into business.
- A well developed Infrastructure
India has a very poor infrastructure and the government funding for research and development are very less and therefore the problem of brain drain is very common. India has abundance of human resources but the country fails to provide these rich brains what they need. Therefore there is a need to change the existing infrastructure which is efficient in providing employment to everyone.
- Corruption, black marketing and hoarding
These three problems are very devastating for the economy of the nation. These problem are present at every corner of India are responsible for high inflation. The people involved in such activities are those whose finds a way to evade taxes. The Swiss Account is full of black money and if this money is used for the benefit of India, the country would be free from many socio-economic problems. The poor and middle class feel trapped; their status remains unchanged because someone else takes the advantage of their hard earn money.
- 12 per cent to 100 per cent tax collection
In India only 12 per cent people fill their annual return and these needs to be changed to 100 per cent tax collection. The task is very difficult but not impossible. It is duty of both the government and the citizen to increase the tax collection. The government should check for the defaults and evasions and the citizen should consider the payment of tax as their duty.
Adopting our culture without hesitation
What is everyone doing today, just getting attracted by the US hegemony? The world of globalization justified the idea of ‘vasudev kutumbakam’. The Indians are attracted by the foreign products and their lifestyles. An Indian wear a jeans today and but supports the idea of dowry.
We are at the stage where we want to adopt the new styles but are not in a position to leave behind our culture and thus struck in the middle. Our tourism industry is welcoming many foreigners, these people visit India because of its rich culture, tradition, diversity, and a glorified past.
They even find our culture important but we are heading towards adopting something which we do not inherit. There is nothing wrong in following anything but one should follow it completely.
There is no wrong to love someone, people around are getting into relationships as the people do in foreign countries, but the parents does not want them to be together. This is an example which shows that we are at no place.
We should preserve our culture and should always learn things from west. Those ideas should be taken and molded which go with our country and even make it better. This change is needed where the citizen respect its culture which provides them a unique identity.
Change in Ideology
The country has come a very long way but still there is a portion of population which is carrying fifty year old ideologies and thinking. They believe that a girl deserves to live inside the four walls, child marriage is healthy, honour killing is justified, blind believes in saints is more trustworthy than believing a doctor, female feticide, drugs like opium and local wines are good for health.
These believes should be changed as this is a step towards a healthy society. The government should educate the people who are still a believer of obsolete facts.
These are few amongst many changes that need to be adopted in the Country. These changes will not only raise the standards of the country globally but even help in providing a quality life to its citizens. These changes will change India’s status from a developing country to a developed country.