Water Conservation Essay in 250 Words
Water is a crucial commodity of our planet. It is the reason why life exists on Earth. All life-forms including humans, animals, plants, etc. are dependent on water for their survival.
Around 3/4th of the Earth’s surface is filled with water. However, only a small portion of it can be utilized for human activities.
97 percent of the entire water content on Earth comes from the ocean. And oceans have salt water which is not suitable for our consumption. Out of the 3 percent of the entire water that is available, most of it is in the form of ice.
Thus, only 1 percent of the available water is potable. We need water for drinking, cooking, washing, and bathing purposes. Water is also important for irrigation in agricultural farms. Clean water is a priceless gift nature has bestowed upon us. Many countries are dealing with a major crisis of water scarcity.
Lack of pure water confines our daily needs. Recent studies show that around 25 percent of the urban population cannot acquire clean water.
In many Indian states, people travel miles to fetch a reliable, clean source of water. Conservation of water is crucial if we want to protect our future. We must understand the importance of water in our life. And we must put our best efforts to save water.
The judicious use of water at home is the first step, to begin with. Apart from that, spreading awareness regarding water conversation is a great way to educate people.
Moreover, the government must equally be active in its contribution. Proper pollution management must be achieved. These positive changes will certainly bring in better results.
Conservation of Water Essay in 500 Words
Near about 3.7 billion years ago, cooling down of earth created warm water bodies. The first single-celled organism is said to have evolved in these warm oceans. This explains how water is the origin of life. It is the ultimate source of survival for all life forms.
Earth is rightly termed as the blue planet. Around 70 percent of the earth’s surface is submerged in water. In its absence, life will cease to exist. Despite its abundance, the world is dealing with the scarcity of water. Hence this natural resource needs to be conserved at all means.
Scarcity of Water
Human civilization started across river banks, wherein people could easily grow crops. Currently, the agriculture sector needs almost 70 percent of the freshwater supply.
The rest of the 30 percent gets utilized in domestic and industrial activities. This freshwater source is depleting fast. Besides, a majority of the freshwater content is trapped in the glaciers or the ice caps.
Time and again, our activities have resulted in the exploitation of water. Pollution of water due to industrial effluents and waste discharge disrupts the natural balance. Urban areas are packed with multitudes of buildings.
This is the major reason why we can’t even facilitate rainwater storage areas. Moreover, flash floods and destruction of the riverine regions are the common outcomes.
Study reports suggest that only 1 percent of the entire water content of the earth is potable. To put this in clearer terms, more than 1 billion people thrive in 1 gallon of water per day. According to these statistics, by 2025, some 3 billion people or more would be facing a severe shortage of water. Hence, the scarcity of water needs to be addressed immediately.
How to Conserve Water?
There was a time when water was free for our consumption. Gradually, shopkeepers started selling water. Nowadays, you have to pay Rs. 20 for a bottle of water. The shortage of water has taken over the world. And the condition will only deteriorate if we do not act.
Understanding the importance of water is the first step. However, we need to save this resource to procure long-term benefits. Here we have mentioned a few points related to the conservation of water:
- Instead of showers or tubs, try to use buckets for bathing purposes. This will easily save at least 150 liters of water every year.
- Avoid wastage of water while cooking food or cleaning utensils.
- Turn off the pipe or the faucet when you are not using it.
- Before using the dishwasher or the washing machine, make sure it is fully loaded. You can save 300 to 800 gallons per month by practising this.
- Avoid excessive use of water while brushing your teeth or washing your face.
- Adjust the speed of your shower head by using a blocker.
- Lessen the usage of water while flushing the toilets.
- Use rainwater harvesting techniques to store rainwater. Utilise the rainwater for basic domestic needs.
- Use a hosepipe while gardening or washing your vehicle.
- Water the plants in your garden in the evening hours. Less water loss due to evaporation helps retain water for a longer time.
- Plant more trees during the rainy season. Planting more trees will help you cover the soil, and this will prevent evaporation.
- Avoid wasting much water in festivals like Holi.
- Pollution management must be effectively done.
- The government should ban water-polluting means employed by the industries.
- Strict laws must be imposed for releasing untreated effluents into water bodies.
- Spread awareness regarding conservation of water.
- Encourage your friends and families to adopt these precautionary measures for saving water.
Water is the elixir of life. We must use it judiciously. Water conservation is the only way we can successfully tackle the ongoing crisis. Hence, at an individual level, we must do our duty to safeguard this precious resource.