Corruption in India Essay: The word corruption has sadly made inroads into every possible sphere of our society. It is unanimously coupled with the word ‘bribe’ which means offering money or gifts unsolicited in return of some favour. Corruption hampers the smooth functioning of society and brings down economic progress. It is not restricted to any particular political party or country’s politicians. The misuse of public money, scams and scandals are closely associated with corruption.
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Essay on Corruption in India 500 Words in English
Below we have provided Corruption in India Essay in English, suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.
Corruption is a form of criminal activity done by an individual or a group. It reflects the greedy behaviour of money-hungry individuals to attain power. Corruption jeopardises our rights and privileges. Out of the many corruption methods, bribery or embezzlement is most noteworthy. We live in a dog-eat-dog world that compels people to fend for themselves. Such people and the ones who hold authoritarian roles are susceptible to corruption.
Corruption in Indian Society
The problem of corruption has clutched the roots of Indian society. It seems to have become a part of our traditions and culture. Indian economy and polity are often seen as the best examples of a corrupt society. Even so, this isn’t entirely true. Milder forms of corruption did exist even in ancient India. However, the primary focus was always on honesty and transparency. This was noticed in all transactions of the state and its ruler. Treatises like the “Arthashastra” are testimony to the high ideals and virtues of a state’s good citizens.
However, there has been significant development of power politics. This has been brought by a network of politicians, bureaucrats, and citizens (out to make easy money). This has led to excessive corruption in India. According to the Corruption Perception Index of 2018 (published by Transparency International), India ranked in the 78th position (out of 180 countries). It is deeply saddening to see the once-revered birthplace of several monks and prophets has deteriorated to a great extent. It has now become the land of heartless and traitorous citizens who see no greater good beyond their gains.
Causes of Corruption in India
There are not one but ample causes of corruption. Some of them have been mentioned below-
Individuals only care about their selfish motives. They try to find ways to earn over and above their fixed wage. The vicious cycle of poverty leads to a lack of education and skills. It thereby hinders job opportunities and forces individuals to find alternative income means.
Politicians are democratically elected leaders who are entrusted with leading their country towards development. They instead find ways to expand their wealth and empire. Using a position of power is undoubtedly a bad example for our society. Though stringent measures are in the talks, they have not taken action. The traditional methods are still in use, proving futile when trying to round-up big-time offenders.
Bureaucracy was meant to be an organization of skilled and efficient individuals. These people were responsible for the proper functioning of the state. Despite having such power, bureaucrats believe that the citizens are at their mercy. They have left no chance to deceive vulnerable citizens.
Ways to Eradicate Corruption in India
The government can provide a higher salary to the employees. There are many government employees whose pay scale is pretty low. So they shift to means like embezzlement to meet their daily needs. Moreover, the workload is high, but the numbers of workers are low. Employees feel pressurized by the heavy workload. They bribe their way through to get the job done. Increasing employment will solve this problem.
Installation of cameras in workstations and public places is a great way to control corruption. People indulging in these unconventional actions will fear of being caught. Ultimately, they will refrain from these activities. Moreover, we need strict laws to stop corrupt practices. Guilty individuals must be punished. Quick implementation of these laws will ensure people work diligently.
Role of the Indian Government to Prevent Corruption
The Government of India has set up committees, laws, and penal codes to contract the surge of corruption.
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) – This was set up in 1964 by the Government on the recommendations of the Santhanam Committee. This was the sole anti-corruption body in our country for quite long. Its job is to advise and guide the central government agencies in matters of vigilance.
Right to Information Act (RTI) – It provides us with all the necessary information about our government. Under this act, one has the right to enquire about any problem. The Public Information Officer (PIO) is responsible for collecting a citizen’s application and providing him with an explanation. If the PIO somehow fails to do so, fines can be imposed on him up to Rs. 25,000.
Lokpal and Lokayukta – The Jan Lokpal Bill was passed by both the Houses of the Parliament in 2013. However, the first Lokpal (Pinaki Chandra Ghose) has only been appointed in 2019. The Lokpal at the center and Lokayukta at the state level have the authority to look into the matters of corruption.