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Dussehra Essay in 500 Words
Dussehra, Dussera, Dasha-Hara and Durgotsav are the festival of Hindus celebrated with great pomp all across India. The festival marks the mastery of good over evil. The word Dushara is divided into two-Dus meaning ten and Hara meaning annihilation. Moreover, it also stands for the day when the ten evil faces are beheaded and burned by Lord Rama. The festival is celebrated on the tenth day of Navratri.
History of Dussehra Festival
The celebration of the festival originated from the below-mentioned stories from Mahabharata, Ramayana and assassination of Demon Mahishasura. These stories are meant to be the most prevalent and widespread.
Dussehra celebrates the success of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana. The Ramayana narrates the tale of Lord Rama who marries Sita at the bridegroom tournament. After Rama is banished from his kingdom, he retreats to the forest along with his brother Lakshmana and his wife Sita to spend fourteen years in the woods.
Another King Ravana plays a prominent role in Ramayana. His sister Shoopranakha fells in love with both the brothers and wishes to marry them. But Lakshmana refuses to marry her and Rama could not marry her because he is already married.
On hearing this, she gets infuriated and threatens to kill Sita and rushes towards her. At that moment, Lakshmana cuts off her nose. She cries in pain and leaves to tell her brother. To avenge his sister’s distress, Ravana abducts Sita and carries her off to his kingdom named as Lanka.
Rama and Lakshmana get help from monkey God Hanuman to save Sita. A fierce battle is fought between Ravana and Rama. Thus Ravana is beheaded and gets defeated, and Sita is rescued.
As per the tale from the epic Mahabharata, the Pandavas lose their kingdom in the game of gambling against Kauravas. So, they are exiled from their territory and had to spend twelve years in the forest and one year in disguise.
Since nobody can see them and know their identities, they hid their holy and powerful weapons under the Shami tree. After the year ended, they arrived back and took their weapons and worshipped Goddess Durga. They used these weapons in the war against Kauravas and emerged victoriously.
Mahishasura was known to be an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva. So, to please him, Mahishasura observed meditation for many years. Lord Shiva was pleased by his devotion and granted him magical and superpowers which were unbeatable.
But, Lord Shiva told him that he would be killed only by a woman. The demon started feeling invincible and harassing people who worshipped other Gods besides him. The gods were terrified and pleaded the trinity of God-Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh to find a solution.
Hence they created Goddess Durga to kill the demon. Her beauty was divine and angel-like that’s why the devil madly fell for her and wished to marry her. She accepted his proposal under one condition that he has to win a battle against her. He agreed. The battle lasted for nine days, and o tenth day he was killed by Goddess Durga.
The festival is celebrated in various parts of India uniquely as it holds multifaceted importance in India’s culture.
North India: In Northern India, the festival holds a great significance as it signifies good over evil. The Ramayana is depicted through stage plays, drama and theatre ten days before the festival. Professional theatre actors perform in cities, villages and suburbs. Huge effigies of Ravana and Kumbhkarna are put up and lit on the day of the festival amidst the carnival-like surrounding.
South India: In Tamil Nadu, the nine days are considered to be holy and prosperous. The entire nine days is dedicated to the three principal deities. Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped for the first three days to bless them with wealth. Goddess Saraswati is worshipped the next three days to seek knowledge and art, and lastly, Goddess Durga is worshipped to seek Shakti (energy). In states like Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka miniature dolls are set up in homes known as ‘Bommai Kolu’.
Eastern India: Goddess Durga is commemorated and worshipped by the devotees. It is believed that she subdued the demon and killed him. Therefore, the day signifies the victory of Goddess Durga. Furthermore, the festival is also named as Vijayadashmi. Pandals are set up where the idol of Goddess is installed followed by Aarti in the evening.
Western India: In Maharashtra, the leaves of Bauhinia (Apta leaves) is exchanged as gold along with sweets. The idol of Goddess Durga is immersed on Dussehra. To sum up, people forget their worries and celebrate the festival. It is also believed that Dussehra brings happiness and new beginnings.
300+ Words Dussehra Essay in English
Dussehra is the most significant festivals celebrated in the Hindu community. It falls after Navratri in October or November. It is a festival that denotes triumph over wicked. The word Dussehra also means ten evil faces were beheaded in order to maintain peace and harmony.
People celebrate it with an ostentatious way by performing rituals. The symbols that are seen throughout the festival are bonfires, fireworks, Paper or wood effigies of Ravana and red spots painted on people’s forehead. The government declares a public holiday, so all the offices, schools, colleges and banks are closed.
According to the Hindu legend, the festival emerged from the two epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. In Ramayana, Lord Rama along with his brother and Lakshmana and wife Sita are banished from their kingdom and sent to the forest to live for fourteen years. There, King Ravana, another central character who plays a detrimental part abducts Sita. So, the battle is fought between Rama and Ravana to rescue Sita. Thus Rama succeeds in beheading Ravana and returns Ayodhya with his wife and brother.
Mahabharata the legendary epic recites that, when Pandavas lost the gambling against Kauravas, they were sent away to the forest to live in disguise. During their time in the woods, they acquired powerful and majestic weapons. Moreover, to use those weapons against the Kauravas in the battle, they decided to hide it under the Shami tree. After their banishment was served, they returned back to the tree and took their weapons for war. Also, they worshipped Goddess Durga for keeping them safe and sound.
These legends have been written in the Hindu texts and have been followed by people over time. Since the festival arrives on the tenth day after Navratri; people perform plays and dramas on stage ten days before the festival.
Huge effigies of Ravana are burned, and meals are distributed among the devotees. Furthermore, people also worship their books, computers, hardware and vehicles to express gratitude. Special delicacies are prepared and savoured. The Hindu texts also state that the festival is the harbinger of good beginnings and positive vibes.
10 Lines on Dussehra Festival
- Dussehra is the most prominent festivals of the Hindu community.
- It falls in September or October on the tenth day of Navaratri.
- The festival rejoices the success of Lord Rama over Ravana.
- The day also marks the success of Goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasura.
- Not only India, but other countries like Nepal and Bangladesh also celebrate the festival.
- On the day of the Dussehra, effigies of Ravana and his brother Kumbhkarana is burnt all across the nation.
- Ramlila, a dramatic play is narrating the life of Lord Rama is performed on the day of the festival.
- Devotees observe fast by expressing their devotion towards Goddess Durga.
- Many fairs and exhibitions are organized.
- The installed idol of Goddess Durga during Navratri is immersed on the day of Dussehra.