We all are acknowledged with the fact that India is undergoing a phase of crises and it is affecting the citizen and the economical conditions of the country. The country has always been a land of crisis whether moral or economical, and some even think whether the crisis situation that India is undergoing is due to loss of morality or the fall of the economy.
Today, India is a land where the youth wants to achieve, perform and acquire everything that is good. They are filled with new confidence, energy, zeal, and enthusiasm. But at the same time, they lack the quality of patience and perseverance. The haste of doing things is dangerous as this will hide the duties possessed by every citizen.
The impatience and restless youth want to acquire everything in a snap of finger. In this process of enjoying their rights as a citizen of the country they forget this fact that the law has also bestowed certain duties on the citizen which they don’t follow.
Therefore, this restlessness has led to a moral crisis where ends matter more than means. This is just one situation which shows that India is undergoing crisis. Today there are many situations which shows that India is a land of crisis and this situation vary from person to person.
Some might be facing the problem of dowry and some might be economically unstable and thus, the crises could be moral or economical depending upon different circumstances and in the psyche of the people. At the end, it is difficult to make either of the two that is moral or economic as the sole reason behind the crisis in India.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The country enjoyed independence after a long struggle, pain, atrocities, and above all with a strong will power to get independent. But, independence came with the partition of the country into India and Pakistan. All the assets which the country acquired were distributed equally between the two countries.
Even the instruments of band and the small paper clips were equally divided between the newly born countries. Partition was never an easy task, the people were killing other people for different reasons and if we sum up all those reasons, we find that they were fighting for senseless issues.
The people at that time were confused whether they were within the borders of India or beyond that. This was one of the biggest cross border movements. This made the situation worst. The new born country faced my crisis like, the moral values of the people were decreasing and the economic tensions were increasing.
Social and moral ethics were very low. Though, our freedom fighters tried hard to remove the caste inequalities but it still subsisted even after independence. The dalits and other marginalized sections of the society got certain privileges which provided them reservation in almost every field and this situation somehow came in control.
Poverty was amongst all other problems which India was facing. Poverty and illiteracy goes parallel. The poor never had money to send their children to schools. They even had little money to fill their bellies and sending children to schools was like a dream that was next to impossible.
When the generation is not educated the chances of availability of good jobs becomes nil. They had to work at starving rates and at poor conditions. Therefore the labor was exploited. They had to migrate from rural areas to urban areas in search of job. This was not the end of the struggle.
Migration was very difficult, adjusting at new place, finding place to reside, the pomp and shows of the cities and much more. They are unable to cope up with their traditional values. Due to migration, the population in the cities increase and the place becomes filthy and unhygienic. These people start living collectively at a specific place without authentication and basic amenities.
The heart of India that is the capital city of the country has 20% of its population residing in the slum areas situated in the vicinity of the banks of Yamuna River. Therefore, this increases the chances that the children would be compelled to work as child labor and prostitution also become their source of income. Young girls are thrown to the occupation of prostitution which drive handsome sum of money to these families.
Rights are infringed at such localities. As these people are unable to meet their basic amenities their minds start diverting to things like murder, theft, kidnapping and other related activities. The people residing at these areas are prone to get addicted to drugs and other products.
They become addicted to those products which are very harmful for their life. Due to this smuggling starts. Rapes in India are biggest problem. We are living in 21st century and women still feel unsafe. The incidence of rape hinders the independence of the women.
The population is increasing day by day, the death rates have reduced and birth rates and child mortality rates have increased. This is due to the medical advancement of the country. But, if we go through the stats we find that the educated people are aware of the problem of population and therefore they have started adopting the policy of having two kids only, but those who are poor believes in reproducing more children.
They believe that more children mean more helping hands but they forget that more children also mean more food and an increase in other expenses.
Dowry and child marriage though have drastically reduced but it still a problem in India. Girls are still considered as burden. Domestic violence has increased and women as feel insecure at outside their homes and even within the four walls of homes.
Therefore, if we look into all these problems, we find that all these problems are inter connected and we will have to very hard to make the country independent of these problems.
India was economically weak at the time of independence because it has to use its scarce resources to counter many evils. The productivity of the country was very low and thus the government of India decided to promote the Green Revolution. The country was against import of any basic amenities and was determined to become self reliant. In that process the country fell short of the foreign currency.
Trade barriers and the methods of license were very rigid. A person was compelled to follow the strict rules for starting a factory and production of any material. Due to this rigidness, the returns from the production sector of the country became poor.
It was the time when India had fought several major wars and this also depleted the economical condition of the country. In the year 1971, India fought a major war against Pakistan which ate up much of the useful and limited resource of the country.
The population was increasing at a very high rate but the produced output was not sufficient for the ever increasing population. The Government of India was forced to take many loans from various international financial bodies and became piled up with this burden.
It was only in the year 1991, when the country opened up its economy in respect of the policy of globalization and liberalization. The economic life of India which was on ventilator started reviving.
India is a country which imports oil and other crude products from gulf country. With that India is the third largest country in consumption of the crude oil. This is another financial burden on the country.
Many a times the import and export create a situation of trade deficit, which means that imports are more than exports and therefore, the stock of foreign currency held with the government declines. This devalues the India Rupee.
Today, black marketing, hoarding, insider trading, tax evasion, black money and white collar crimes has increased. People want to get richer by adopting unfair means. The rich tends to become richer and the poor and thrown in the bottomless swamp of poverty from which the returning back is difficult.
Only a few people in India pay taxes and the others find ways to evade from this. If all the citizens pay taxes than the tag developed country will replace the tag developing country.
We cannot make out whether it’s the moral crisis which creates problem to our country or the economical crisis which is hampering the growth of our nation. But at the end we know that both economical and moral well being goes parallel.
With economic advancement we can grow morally and if we are morally stable the economic condition will automatically flourish. Both these situations are inter-connected and the government is working for the developments in both fields. But, is this the only solution.
The government enforces many plans for our well being and it is our ultimate duty to help the government in implementation of the plans. It is not only the duty of the government but ours as well. As a responsible citizen of India we need educate people and should fulfill our duties towards the country.
The nation can give us a lot if we corporate and cherish the little things which are bestowed upon us as a citizen. The country will always be in the same situation if we never try to raise ourselves out of this entire crisis.