500+ Words Essay on Aryabhatta
1500 Years ago “INDIAN” taught the world how to count. ”ARYABHATTA” INVENTED “ZERO”
He was born in a place called Aryabhata, in Bihar, and flourished in Kusumapura, near Pataliputra, the capital of the Gupta dynasty at that time. Aryabhatta, one of the most prolific mathematicians and astronomers ever to walk on Earth, was a quintessential influence on the Indian subcontinent’s astronomical culture and tradition.
He is believed to be born in the Gupta period and has authored Aryabhata and Arya-Siddhanta, two major compendiums. His achievements are incomparable, and his reputation is unmatched.
The origin of Earth being round and flat by Aryabhata was confirmed some thousand years later by the Western world. It explains his exceptional discernment and how futuristic his ideas were, as he did not have access to any science or technical equipment. Imagine what it would have been if equations were not based on trigonometric bases. Countless mega-inventions should have been late or incomplete.
Hindu, as well as the Buddhist traditions together, have described Aryabhata as having received the modern Patna education from Kusumpura. In fact, at some point in time, he is believed to have been the head of Nalanda University. Aryabhata is adulated for building an observatory at Bihar’s Sun Temple. Several archaeological testimonies indicate that it emerged in Kodungallur from the present day.
Works of Aryabhatta
His work Aryabhatiya consists astonishingly of several mathematical calculations and methodologies which have been followed even today. It covers algebra, trigonometry, arithmetic, fractions, quadratic equations, etc. The book of 108 verses is divided into four chapters, namely Gitikiapada, Ganitapada, Kalakriyapada, Golapada and others. His disciple Bhaskara I rediscovered this literature of the sutras.
Additionally, Arya-Siddhanta is a work of astronomical computations which Varahamira, Bramhagupta, and Bhaskara once lost and later revived. Persian scholar and Indian chronicler Al-Biruni listed the third Al-nanf development of Aryabhata that survived in translation into Arabic.
Contributions of Aryabhatta – Mathematical Discoveries
The reputation and influence of Aryabhatta originate from several groundbreaking achievements. His invention of the place value system was the basis of zero numeral in mathematics, a part which need not be clarified as indispensable.
He worked successfully in pi approximation and concluded that it was an irrational number. This was remarkable because no other genius in mathematics has even done it before him, and even today, his methods continue to elude the greatest minds.
He found that Pi could be used for measuring the circumference of a sphere. His measurement of the diameter of a sphere is genius phenomenally. In his calculations, Aryabhata never used Brahmi numerals; in fact, he used the letter of alphabets to represent the numbers he required.
His trigonometric assessments estimate triangle area. Aryabhatta also developed sophisticated algebraic and indeterminate equations, such as series and cubes summation, as well as Diophantine equations.
His astronomy system, also known as the adayuka system, reckoned that Earth rotates every day on its axis, and the shape of the planet’s orbit is elliptical. His concept was a geocentric solar system in which epicycle bear the Sun and Moon, and revolve around the Earth.
He also computed the planets ‘location and time. In addition, his thesis also pointed to the heliocentric solar system concept. It is said to stem from Ptolemy the Greek geographer and mathematician. He correctly measured the rotational and revolutionary period.
He also determined the sidereal rotation, which is the Earth’s movement towards the stars. With these significant changes, it goes without saying that Aryabhatta’s power and glory knew no political or geographical boundaries.
Also now, Aryabhatta’s calendar formulas are used to set the Hindu ‘Panchangam’ calendar.
Calendar excellence is also used in the Jalai Calendar of the Islam world. In modern-day Iraq and Afghanistan, similar versions of those calendars are used. Al-Khwarizmi has even cited his work. In his chronicles, Scholar Al Biruni has mentioned that Aryabhatta’s followers believed the Earth was rotating around the sun.
Aryabhatta Knowledge University (AKU), Patna was founded by the Bihar Government for the development and management of scientific, medical, management and allied professional education-related educational infrastructure in his honour. The 2008 Bihar State University Act governs the University.
The first Aryabhata satellite in India and the Aryabhata lunar crater are both named in his honour. The Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) near Nainital, India, is a centre for research in astronomy, astrophysics, and atmospheric sciences.
He is also named for the inter-school Aryabhatta Maths Tournament, as is Bacillus Aryabhatta, a species of bacteria that ISRO scientists discovered in the stratosphere in 2009.
Every influential mathematician and scholar has hailed Aryabhatta as mathematics ‘pathfinder and trailblazer. His notable achievements are everlasting, giving India a special place in the number enigma. Bhaskara I’s words best characterize this Indian prodigy, which goes as “Aryabhatta is the master who handed over the three sciences to the learned world after touching the farthest shores and exploring the deepest reaches of the sea of absolute knowledge of mathematics, cinematic and spheres.”