Essay on Bihar in 500 Words
Bihar is a state located in the eastern part of India. The state is surrounded by West Bengal in the east, Nepal in the north, Uttar Pradesh in the west and Jharkhand in the south. The capital of Bihar is Patna.
The name Bihar comes from the word Vihara, which means abode. It is a composition of thirty-eight districts and holds the eleventh position in India’s area. Hindi is the official language, and Urdu is the second official language. Moreover, the state emblem of Bihar is a Bodhi tree. The state animal is bear, and the state bird is an owl.
Several kingdoms existed in the ancient period. One of the kings called Videha, father of the princess Sita from Ramayan ruled the plains. It was in Magadha period where Gautama Buddha developed the Buddhists religion and then later Mahavira reformed the theology of Jainism. Moreover, King Ashoka, Gupta dynasty even laid their foundation, which transformed the state gradually.
Geography and Climate
The total area of Bihar is 94,163 km. Ganga River divides the fertile plain unevenly. The centre of the Bihar consists of some hills, such as Rajgir hills. The climate of Bihar is diverse with a sub-tropical temperature in general, having hot summers and cold winters. The most suitable time to visit Bihar is in winter as it is the most pleasant part of the year.
Flora and Fauna
Though the vegetation of Bihar has a deciduous forest, only a small fraction of the total area is forested. Mixed shrubs, grass and reeds dominate the forest. Common trees include bamboo, banyan and palmyra palms. The Himalayan foothills witness the most concentration of forest cover.
Large mammals like Bengal tiger, leopards, elephants and different species of deer are found. Along the Kosi River, crocodile seems to rule. Also, birds, reptiles and fish are common in the state. Valmiki National park holds the 18th position in terms of tiger population. Moreover, other notable reserves include Gautama Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary and Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary.
Bihar’s economy is largely depended on agriculture. It is the fourth largest state to produce vegetables and fruits in India. The chief agriculture crops are litchi, guava, mango, pineapple, cauliflower, cabbage, rice, wheat, and sunflower.
The state’s 80% of the population is employed in agriculture. Favourable climate and fertile soil are the conditions that favour agriculture, but it can be sabotaging during flood and storms.
The major industrial centres in Bihar are Barauni and Hajipur. Gradually, the government has taken the initiative to improve the industrial sector in the state, especially in Patna city. Soon the project of the expressway from the Purvanchal border through Bihar to Jharkhand is estimated to complete.
Among the paintings, Mithila painting is the famous style of painting used in Bihar. The painting is also known as Madhubani art which depicts the association of humans with nature.
It is usually done on walls during festivals, marriages and events. Notable Mithila painters like the late Ganga Devi, Sita Devi and Mahasundari Devi were born in Bihar.
The painting was traditionally practised by women and passed down to generation. Bihar is rich in culture and known as the land of Buddha because Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment at Bodh-Gaya.
The famous dishes that encompass the cuisine are Litti Chokha, Sattu Paratha, Bihari Boti and Bihari Kebabs. In dessert, they prefer eating Khaja a traditional sweet dish. The most celebrated festival is the Chhath Puja.
The best tourist’s attraction is the ancient monuments which reflect the culture and heritage of Bihar. Monuments like Sabhyata Dwar in Patna, Bodh-Gaya, Darbhanga, the ancient city of Vaishali, etc. are visited.
Around 24 million people visit Bihar each year. Furthermore, it is also well-known for religious places. Several Hindu, Buddhists, Jains and Muslims shrines are constructed which abound this ancient land.
If we date back in history, Bihar was known as the centre of learning as the prominent universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila reside here. Items of the woodcarving, brass work, bamboo work, Zari embroidery, lacquer bangles and the popular Bhagalpur sarees can be bought from the state.
Bihar is a state which reflects Indian diversity through different rulers which provide the information on the glorious history of the state. It has widened roads, railways and better air connectivity.
Also, it is the most fertile state of India with significant agriculture produce. The government is even making an effort to increase female literacy and develop the education quality in Bihar. Its famous tourist’s attraction and culture make it a must-visit state in everybody’s list.
10 Lines on Bihar Essay
- Bihar is the state located in the eastern part of India.
- It is nestled around Nepal, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Jharkhand.
- It has a sub-tropical climate experiencing hot summers and cold winters.
- Agriculture is the main occupation in Bihar.
- Due to the favourable climate and good quality soil, it is the major producer of fruits and vegetables.
- The famous festival of Bihar is Chhath Pooja which is celebrated along the banks of the river by performing rituals.
- Popular cuisines like Litti Chokha, Sattu Paratha and Khaja are enjoyed by the people.
- Hindi and Urdu languages are spoken by the population of the state.
- Bodhi-Tree is an emblem of the state.
- Prominent places like, Bodh-Gaya, Darbhanga and Nalanda are the well-known tourist’s attraction.