Essay on Charminar: One of the greatest monuments of Indo-Islamic architecture built by Mir Momin Astarawadi in the year 1591 in Hyderabad is the Charminar. It is 48.7 meters high, has four minarets and a big clock on every side. A mosque is present on the top floor. A fountain is installed in the centre of the mosque. The entire city of Hyderabad can be viewed from the top. The city of Hyderabad was built and developed around the Charminar.
Essay on Charminar 500 Words in English
Below we have provided Charminar Essay in English suitable for class 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.
Charminar is a monument that means four minarets. It was constructed in 1591 located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. The name itself reflects charm. It is one of the oldest and famous historical monuments in India which was built by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. Moreover, it is also known as “Arc De Triumph of the East”. Charminar has been listed the most recognized structures in India and has also earned the title as the Emblem of Telangana. It is a structure standing amidst the busy local market and is the most frequented tourist attractions in Hyderabad.
History of Charminar
Charminar was erected more than four centuries ago by the fifth Sultan Quli Qutb Shah of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda. He was the one who founded the city of Hyderabad. It is a 425-year-old monument. There is a beautiful story associated with the history of Hyderabad. Many have criticised the stories validation, but several historians have claimed it to be true. During his years as a Prince, Muhammad Quli met a girl named Bhagmati in Chichlan village who was visiting the place to establish a new city.
She was beautiful and had a charming personality which captivated Prince’s attention, and his eyes were fixated on this beauty. He fell madly in love with her and wished to marry. However, their caste was different, he is Muslim and she a Hindu which created a strict opposition from both the ends. He had crossed the Musi River during storm and flood just to meet Bhagmati. On hearing this, his father ordered his men to build a bridge now known as Purana-pul.
He married Bhagmati after 11 years of waiting. She converted to Islam and hence she was named Hydermahal. Therefore later the city was called Hyderabad. As a ruler, Quli Qutb was an able administrator and a passionate builder. He did not believe in war and maintained good relations with Persia and extended trading between Golconda and Persia. Goods like tobacco, gun powder, rubies, textile, and wooden furniture were exported, and ceramics, carpets, glass silver, pearls and horses were imported. People admired his peaceful and calm nature.
Architecture of Charminar
It is a square-shaped structure with each side being 20 meters long. The designer was an Iranian architect named Mr Momin Astarawadi. The grand edifice displays the Indo-Islamic style influenced by Persian style. The entire monument is made up of limestone, granite, pulverized marble, and mortar and weighs around 14,000 tons. There are four grand arches, and four minarets places at four corners provide a distinctive look.
Each of the four minarets is four-storied, has a double balcony, 56 meters long and exhibits a dome-shaped structure on its top. One hundred forty-nine steps lead the upper floor of the monument from where the whole surrounding and marketplace is visible. The building is adorned with lavish balustrades and balconies. Also, one part of the Charminar’s roof consists of a mosque.
Today, it has been added to the UNESCO World-Heritage Sites. Several festivals are celebrated including the Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha. It is also listed in the Archaeological Survey of India. Preservation and restoring our monument is crucial because it reflects our culture and history. It helps us to comprehend and respect people who lived in a different era with unusual habits and traditions.
For the younger generation, it is a reliving experience where they learn the changes in society over a period of time and the reasons that led to the development of communities and traditions. With respect to tourism, its beauty and impressive structure attract several tourists all over the place. The economy of the nation gets boosted as it generates revenue. Moreover, local people find work and jobs related to the old historical buildings.