Below we have provided an informative essay on Diabetes that is suitable for classes 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10, with examples. This detailed essay of 500 words is beneficial for all school students to perform well in essay writing competitions.
Essay on Diabetes 500 Words in English
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease causing high blood sugar levels in the blood and urine. The sugar in the blood moves into cells for storage through the help of the insulin hormone. A patient having diabetes doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body ineffectively uses the insulin produced. The pancreas produces little or no insulin to lower glucose levels in the blood leading to this chronic condition.
Types of Diabetes
There are two ways in which this balance can break. This gives us two types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs most often in people under 40’s, especially teenagers, and hence it’s also named “Juvenile Diabetes”. It occurs when the Pancreas is either producing little or no insulin. If there is no Insulin, how will the blood cells open up to the incoming Glucose? This leads to unused Glucose in the blood. So, what happens to this unused Glucose? Well, they are flushed down into the toilet when we urinate. Hence, these are the symptoms that a patient who has Type 1 Diabetes can show:
- Frequent Urination: As the glucose is not being utilized in the blood, the patient tends to urinate more frequently than normal.
- Increased Thirst: As the patient needs to flush down the unused glucose by urinating, they drink more water and become more thirsty.
- Tiredness: The body still didn’t get the energy from Glucose as the blood cells could not eat them up due to no insulin. Hence, the patient gets tired due to a lack of energy, despite less activity.
- Weight loss: As the body cannot get the energy from Glucose, it gets the energy from other stored energy in the body, which results in weight loss.
- Other symptoms: Blurred vision, slow healing, headache, stress, etc.
Type 2 Diabetes: It happens mostly to overweight people, who are over their 40’s, but it can also occur to people with normal weight. Under this diabetes, the excess fat clogs the blood cells, and hence, the insulin cannot properly unlock the cells. Again, this leads to unused Glucose, and the same process as Type 1 Diabetes is repeated. The symptoms of Type 2 diabetes are the same as that of Type 1. The thing to note here is that Type 2 Diabetes shows its symptoms very slowly. Typically, a person can live a normal life for 10 years without experiencing any symptoms.
Causes of Diabetes
There are various causes of the increasing number of cases of diabetes. Some of them are listed below:
- Genetics: It plays an important part in deciding if a person has diabetes or not. If one’s parents were diabetic patients, then he/she needs to be cautious.
- Rapid Urbanization and changing lifestyle: With increasing comforts due to technology, people are tending towards low activity and a sedentary lifestyle; due to this, there’s an increasing amount of obesity, which is a leading cause of Type-2 diabetes.
- Rising Pollution levels: Studies have shown that, as fine dust particles enter your body, it hampers with your insulin production capacity.
- Smoking and Alcohol: Smokers are 30-40% more susceptible to diabetes, as it makes the body insulin resistant.
Due to such a high prevalence of Diabetes, it is more likely to impact various spheres of life. Persons with diabetes are more likely to have various respiratory diseases, kidney failure, etc. This disease also impacts a person’s work productivity, leading to fewer job opportunities.
Despite such severe effects of this disease on a person’s life, some ways can lead to the prevention of this disease, like a healthy diet, making exercise a part of life, avoiding foods with high levels of sugar, etc. Each year, the World Health Organisation (WHO) celebrates World Diabetes Day on the 14th of November, where they spread awareness about this disease. So, the world’s not over for a person who has diabetes; instead, a person can fight this disease off by practising a healthy lifestyle. Still, we should always be cautious because,
“Diabetes feels sweet in the beginning, but it comes with a needle.”