Organ Donation Essay in English
Organ donation is characterised as the transplantation of an organ or part of an organ into another individual. Organ donation is the only way to save lives and improve the quality of life of patients affected by terminal organ failures.
The number of organ donations has steadily risen in the last two decades. It provides outstanding outcomes in children and young adults, which is difficult due to the increasing proportion of patients with co-morbidity transplants.
As a result of the advances and the changes in peri-operational management, the outcomes of organ transplantation continue to increase.
Importance of Organ Donation
Organ and tissue donation is the most significant charitable act of kindness. As long as the individual is well enough, there are no age restrictions on who may be an organ donor.
Kidneys, heart, liver, lungs and pancreas are the frequently donated organs, while eye cornea, bone, skin, and heart valves are the transplantable tissues. Through this way, a single donor will save a variety of people’s lives.
In the 18th century, research on organ donation started in animals. There are several shortcomings the scientists have encountered over the years. By the mid 20th century the first organ transplant had been completed.
Tissue selection and development of immunosuppressive drugs have allowed more active organ donations and a longer rate of survival for transplant recipients over the past 30 years.
Organ donation is of great value to study in the medical sciences. Donated organs provide an outstanding instrument to perform medical study and experiments. Many notable, beneficial medical advances may result from the donation of the organs. Organ donation will also aid in the biotechnology sector.
The demand for organ donations continues to outperform the supply of organs. Every day, fifteen people die because of a lack of transplantable organs; and every 18 minutes a new name is added to the waiting list for transplants.
When medical science advances, more and more donors are becoming available, and thousands of people will lead longer and happier lives each year.
Different Types of Organ Donation
A donated heart helps patients battle life-threatening heart disease, including congenital abnormalities and defective valves. Heart recipients have a retention rate of 70 percent or more for five years and can expect a significant increase in their quality of life.
A donated kidney will make a big difference in someone with kidney failure’s life. Instead of spending several hours in dialysis three or four days a week, a recipient of the kidney will live a safer, happier life with a functioning kidney lasting 12 years on average.
A donated liver can save someone’s life from liver failure, which can happen unexpectedly or overtime because of long-term disease or illness. More than 70 percent of the donated livers last for five years, and half still function after 20 years.
A donated lung (or lungs) may be a life-saving gift to those with damaged or defective lungs. Damage can be caused by several diseases, including cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); a single or double-lung donation may become the only hope of survival for anyone.
A donated pancreas may be used to restore average insulin production and dramatically improve their quality of life if someone has trouble controlling blood sugar. A pancreatic transplant is often done at the same time as a kidney transplant if the patient is at risk for future damage to the kidneys. On average, a donated pancreas can last for 10+ years.
Intestinal donations are used to avoid life-threatening complications in patients with bowel failure. The number of diseases can cause intestinal failure, meaning that both children and adults can be affected.
Cornea donations are the most common and useful transplant and can restore vision after other treatments have failed to alleviate painful swelling or correct vision.
Other Tissues Donation
Donating tissue (including tendons, skin, and bones) provides hope and health every year for hundreds of thousands of men and women. Tissue can be used to heal veterans’ wounds in war, save patients with life-threatening burns, and regenerate joints.
Types of Donors
A mentally and physically stable living person may donate either of a paired organ, part of an organ or tissue. The donated organs are the kidneys, one of the lungs, a small intestine part, skin, bone marrow and one of the ovaries. A live donor may be related or unrelated.
A person may donate one of his organs to an unrelated donor, for altruistic reasons. The unknown donor should be known to the recipient, and have some responsibility to him, according to TOHO act. This must be provided that they are not interested in a monetary transaction. However, in many other nations, even a stranger will for altruistic purposes donate one of his organs to a needy person.
Organ is harvested from brain dead people whose respiration and circulation are artificially maintained. Brain dead has to be approved by a team of physicians appointed by the Government for every organ recovery centre.
When a living donor is not compatible with the corresponding recipient but may be compatible with another recipient. The second donor linked to the recipient is compatible with the first recipient, so permission for donation can be given. The surgery is conducted concurrently with all four donors and recipients, and anonymity is maintained until after the donation.
Organ Donation in India
The 1994 Human Organs Transplantation Act, governs organ donation in India. Compared to the population, the rate of organ donation in India is deficient. Every year 5 lakh people die in the country due to a shortage of organs. Fifty thousand people are dying of sickness from vision.
Demand and Supply
The need for physical organs is much higher than worldwide donor numbers. Most patients die each year while awaiting donors. Statistics show that India’s total annual demand for kidneys is two lakhs, while only 6,000 kidneys are provided. Similarly, the average annual heart demand is 50,000, although there are just 15.
Organ Donation Day Celebration
Every year, the day of organ donation is celebrated on 13 August. Institutions like Gift Ek Jeevan, Foundation Mohan, Foundation Gift Your Liver, Dadhichi Dehdaan Samiti aid with organ donation. The most donating states in the country include Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Delhi NCR, Punjab.
Organ donation is a topic that has several opposing views. To some, the donation of the general population organ is a true way to save another’s life, to others, it is mistrusted, and to others, it is not completely understood.
Some methods can be used to improve donation. If the public truly understands the life-threatening and the vital lack of organs, organ donation will be more likely to be on the rise.
A worldwide initiative is required to make people aware of the advantages this method provides. Donating organs is a noble act. Moreover, it shows an individual’s contribution even after death. Perhaps remarkable of all, donating organs will save many lives.