Essay on Organ Donation: One of the most honourable and extremely noble acts of humanity is organ donation. It helps to bring life to a needy person. Organs and tissues are extracted and transplanted from a dead person on to the receiving person. The family’s consent is sought and legal formalities cleared to conduct organ donation. Liver, heart, retina, kidneys can be donated post death. It is a highly complicated process handled by experts through intense precision.
Essay on Organ Donation 500 Words in English
We have provided Organ Donation Essay in English, suitable for class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.
Organ donation is characterised as the transplantation of part of an organ into another individual. Organ donation is the only way to save lives and improve patients’ quality of life affected by terminal organ failures. The number of organ donations has steadily risen in the last two decades. It provides outstanding outcomes in children and young adults, which is difficult due to the increasing proportion of patients with co-morbidity transplants.
Importance of Organ Donation
Organ and tissue donation is the most significant charitable act of kindness. As long as the individual is well enough, there are no age restrictions on who may be an organ donor. Kidneys, heart, liver, lungs and pancreas are the frequently donated organs, while eye cornea, bone, skin, and heart valves are the transplantable tissues. Through this way, a single donor will save a variety of people’s lives. Donated organs provide an outstanding instrument to perform medical study and experiments.
Many notable, beneficial medical advances may result from the donation of the organs. Organ donation will also aid in the biotechnology sector. The demand for organ donations continues to outperform the supply of organs. Every day, fifteen people die because of a lack of transplantable organs; and every 18 minutes a new name is added to the waiting list for transplants.
Different Types of Organ Donation
- Heart Donation: A donated heart helps patients battle life-threatening heart disease, including congenital abnormalities and defective valves. Heart recipients have a retention rate of 70 percent or more for five years and can expect a significant increase in their quality of life.
- Kidney Donation: A donated kidney will make a big difference in someone with kidney failure’s life. Instead of spending several hours in dialysis three or four days a week, a recipient of the kidney will live a safer, happier life with a functioning kidney lasting 12 years on average.
- Liver Donation: A donated liver can save someone’s life from liver failure, which can happen unexpectedly or overtime because of long-term disease or illness. More than 70 percent of the donated livers last for five years, and half still function after 20 years.
- Lung Donation: A donated lung (or lungs) may be a life-saving gift to those with damaged or defective lungs. Damage can be caused by several diseases, including cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); a single or double-lung donation may become the only hope of survival for anyone.
- Pancreas Donation: A donated pancreas may be used to restore average insulin production and dramatically improve their quality of life if someone has trouble controlling blood sugar.
- Intestine Donation: Intestinal donations are used to avoid life-threatening complications in patients with bowel failure. The number of diseases can cause intestinal failure, meaning that both children and adults can be affected.
- Cornea Donation: Cornea donations are the most common and useful transplant and can restore vision after other treatments have failed to alleviate painful swelling or correct vision.
Types of Donors
- Live Donors: A mentally and physically stable living person may donate either of a paired organ, part of an organ or tissue. The donated organs are the kidneys, one of the lungs, a small intestine part, skin, bone marrow and one of the ovaries.
- Unrelated Donors: A person may donate one of his organs to an unrelated donor, for altruistic reasons. The unknown donor should be known to the recipient, and have some responsibility to him, according to TOHO act. This must be provided that they are not interested in a monetary transaction.
- Deceased Donors: Organ is harvested from brain dead people whose respiration and circulation are artificially maintained. Brain dead has to be approved by a team of physicians appointed by the Government for every organ recovery centre.
- Paired Exchange: When a living donor is not compatible with the corresponding recipient but may be compatible with another recipient. The second donor linked to the recipient is compatible with the first recipient, so permission for donation can be given.