Essay on Tiger: Tiger is a wild animal belonging to the cat family. It falls in the category of carnivorous species preferably found in a dense forest. The two-chief subspecies of tiger are Siberian and Bengal Tiger. Tiger is meant to be the most ferocious animal of all. They are brown-orange colour with black stripes and white colour with black stripes. Below we have provided Tiger Essay in English, written in easy and simple words for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 school students.
Essay on Tiger in English 500 Words
Below we have provided an extended Essay on Tiger, suitable for class 7, 8, 9 and 10 school students.
Tigers are the most beautiful animals on the planet. They are found in the dense forest because of their characteristic feature to stay aloof from human contact. In India, they are found in the jungles of Sundarbans, West Bengal, Assam and Central India. They belong to the cat family and often referred to as big cats. Tigers are known to be a territorial and solitary animal who stands as the apex predator.
Habitat and Physical Features
Tiger possesses a muscular body with strong forelimbs. Its pelage is massive, and colouration varies from brown to orange with black stripes. The strips are unique for every tiger and help in camouflage in vegetation, especially in the long grass. Their hair growth is thick around the neck and jaws with long whiskers, especially in males. The skull of the tiger is like the lion’s skull.
Having blessed with padded feet and sharp claws, they display unique hunting skills which let them have a stronghold on their prey. Tigers are nocturnal as they sleep in the day and hunt in the night. Its eye glow like a fire in the dark night and their vision is six times stronger than humans during night. The tail plays a crucial role in hunting as it helps to balance while running fast. The teeth are divided into two parts-two in the upper jaw and two in the lower jaw.
Hunting and Diet
They usually feed on large or medium-sized mammals. The most preferred are deer, wild boar, cow, barasingha, etc. If not larger ones, then it feeds on smaller prey such as birds, hares, fish, porcupines and monkeys. Moreover, they also prefer other prey like leopards, bears, dogs and crocodiles.
Due to their antisocial behaviour, they hunt alone and ambush their prey using their body size and weight to knock the victim off balance. Like other predators, tigers also bite the throat of the prey and remains latched onto it till the target dies of strangulation. Tigers can even hunt swiftly in water because of its extraordinary swimming skills.
Causes for Tiger Endangerment
The tiger numbers are declining due to excessive cutting of trees, which causes to lose their natural habitat. They are forced to live in an unnatural environment. Tigers being territorial require more substantial space to roam and hunt. But with the reduction of the number of prey and surrounding, they suffer tremendously. Global warming brought climate change which leads them to become vulnerable. Poaching and hunting are the immediate threat to the species.
They are poached for their bones, organs, skin, fur, and sold in the black markets. Another danger is retaliatory killing which is caused when tigers enter the residential areas in the villages to kill cattle. Villages retaliate by killing them as loss of livestock means loos of livelihood for them.
Project Tiger was commenced in the year 1973 with the objective to protect the striped predator from extinction. Under the project, few areas in India are identified as Tiger Reserves. Since then, special efforts are carried out to save the animal. Initially, nine reserves were set up later, which increased to 27 centres in the year 2003. The chief goal of the project is as follows:
- Restricting and banishing all sorts of human activity in the core zones and minimalizing the action in the buffer zone.
- Evaluating the damage done to the eco-system and implementing solutions to recover it to its original form.
- Surveilling the changes brought and researching the conditions prudent for their survival.
- Ensuring to increase the population through breeding in their species.
Furthermore, plans are devised to develop a wireless communication system to curb the evil act of poaching. Steps like relocating the villages away from core areas, control of livestock grazing in tiger area and assessments regarding the environmental changes have come to fruition by displaying positive signs. Although the government has tried to increase the number, still it is not satisfactory compared to the money invested in the scheme.
Nature has always helped mankind by bestowing immense bounties, thus flourishing human race. Therefore, it is essential as a human being to give back to nature in the form of love, care, protection and respect. Saving wildlife and taking precautionary measures is crucial to our environment as it will help those on the brink of extinction. Voluntary help is required by everyone to work together with the government and wildlife organizations to save mother earth.
The environment safety programs, nature projects, project tiger, nature camps etc. are started by the Indian government outspread awareness among the people. The projects not only have the aim to preserve our national heritage but also promote eco-tourism. Together as responsible citizens, we can make all the projects successful and help refloat the sabotaged conditions that hamper the peace of earth.
Short Essay on Tiger in English 250 Words
Tiger Essay, usually given for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 students.
Tiger is the national animal of India due to its strength, agility and energy. It is found in the dense forest and considered to be the most powerful, attractive and aggressive animal. Although they live in a dense forest, they are usually spotted in villages and other residential areas due to the mass cutting of trees. They belong to the cat family because of its resemblance to a cat. It has enormous teeth and a long tail with the ability to jump from a very long distance.
Tigers devour on other animals like cow, deer, goat and rabbit. People often refer them to be the God of the forest as they are a symbol of wealth in the woods. Tigers average height and length is 8 to 10 feet and 3 to 4 feet. Generally, it sleeps in the day and hunts in the night. It uses chemical signalling as a form of conveying its physical dominance to other animals. The signal has a long-lasting effect than physical or auditory signalling and could be in the form of urine, excretions, glandular secretion etc.
The strips on its body assist in camouflaging due to which it appears unrecognised to the prey. This provides an opportunity to pounce on the victim and make a good kill. In India, tigers are found in Assam, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Tripura etc. Poaching and hunting have led the population of the tiger to decrease rapidly, thus crippling the food-chain and ecology balance.
Various projects have been initiated to preserve and save the species of the tiger. So far, few species like Bengal Tiger, Siberian, Sumatran and Malayan Tiger are found to be living, and other species like Javan, Bali and Caspian tigers have recently been extinct. It is a challenge for India to protect the species from extinction as it is the essence and pride of the nation.