500+ Words Essay on Vocational Education
Over the years, education has become the fundamental right of everyone. Education differentiates human beings from other living beings. It helps in the all-round development of a person. It has helped humans to evolve as the smartest creature on the earth.
It gradually develops persons to face challenges in life efficiently. However, what differentiates vocational education from traditional education make a huge impact. It is a way of learning which directly gives practical knowledge & helps in specific skill development.
It is skill-based training which makes a person gain knowledge in a particular discipline. It provides with application-based experiences that is the need of the job & time. It is quite a different form of education than the conventional theoretical one.
Vocational education is diversified in various fields like food, beverages, tourism, medical, manufacturing, banking & finance, art & culture etc.
There is no age limit for this type of training. It can be done in secondary, higher secondary, graduation or at a higher level. It helps people to get hands-on experience on the things which helps them to grab better job opportunities.
The Need for Vocational Education
Vocationalisation signals major transformations in counties education system & economy. This helps in increasing the productive capacity of the country. As a skilled worker can add more value to the job, they perform.
In countries like Japan, Germany, the US focus mainly on the development of technicians & skilled workforce as they are flooding with technologies. It helps a person to choose its career early with formally trained in that field only.
Benefits of Vocational Training
Vocational training is beneficial for skill development not only at the individual level but also at the national level. Few of the benefits of how it helps in creating values are listed below.
Career Enhancement: As it gives stress on development practical experiences & new skills so those who already have a job can opt for these. It is helpful for those who want to acquire new skill for their enhancement in the job role. Also, as the duration of the courses provided are quite less compared to other educational degrees. Besides professionals, students & dropouts can also choose to pursue this course in the field of their interest.
Education Cost: As the cost of vocational training is quite economical & affordable. Those who are not able to afford the cost of education can opt for these courses. Many of the vocational courses provide new employment options in lesser time & lower cost.
Economic Development: The requirement of the skilled & semi-skilled professional are in high demand in all the sectors. The skilled manpower is always paid higher than the unskilled ones. Existence of skilled human resources helps not only the development of society but also the economy of the country. In developing Nation like Indian, the impact is appreciatable. It reduced the provision of importing workforce from other counties.
Individual Development: Vocational training enhances competency & efficiency at the individual level. This training makes a person job-ready in the respective fields & helps in earning a decent livelihood. Moreover, with the skills, acquired people can even think about starting their own business instead of searching for a job. It opens the door for self-employment.
Scenario in India
In 1964 the Education Commission laid particular emphasis on Vocational Education to bring education in closer to production. To harmonize the diversity & cost, National Skills Qualification Framework was developed in 2013. Till then, the central government has tried to implement the same in all the states through different funded projects.
Professions like fashion designing, hair salons, beauty parlours, candle making, stitching, jewellery making, catering, cooking, interior designing, footwear designing, boutique, advertising, event planning, electronics repairing, painting, bag designing, tourism, music, dance, nutrition & health, gym, toy making, public relation, paramedical, agriculture & many more have witnessed a surge in demand by both consumers & the professionals.
Now the all India Council for Vocational education (AICVE), under MHRD, is responsible for planning, guiding and coordinating the programme at the national level. In the state level, State Council for Vocational Education (SCVE) performs similar functions.
The need to focus on the skills of the informal sector is surging as it is projected that the share of jobs in India will be mainly from this sector. It employees up to 93% of the workforce with a 60% contribution to GDP (Gross Domestic Product). A plethora of courses are introduced by Indian Technical Institutes (ITI’s) on short term as well as long term skill development.
Causes of Failure in India
However, the success rate of the same has been found quite less in India. The enrolment for vocational education at the secondary level is only 9% of the total enrolment, which is the lowest in the world. Many issues are still unattended in the implantation of vocational education in India.
There is a massive gap in infrastructure & quality of such education provided at the state level. Preference to those who have vocational education is not quite clear during recruitment both by public & private sector.
Unfavourable job policies, inadequate job opportunity has added to the failure of Vocational Education in India. There is a lack of strict curriculum & trained faculties to take hold of the training. The availability of resources is also minimal.
In conclusion, India has a way more scope of improvement & opportunities in the field of Vocationalisation. Centre must focus on allocating more resources & working closely with the state to improve the quality of the education provided. Improving wages regulation & creating more job opportunities will be the prime challenges for India in upcoming days.
As it has become the need of the hour to focus on the same. It enhances the productivity of the nation besides the overall development of an individual. There are endless personalities from whom we can take inspiration who has excelled in vocational.
Pablo Picasso, Jawad Habib, Sachin Tendulkar, Lata Mangeskar & many more are live examples which did not do well in formal education but are extremely successful today. An investment in Vocational education is regarded as the step towards a better economy & its reconstruction.