500+ Words Essay on Water
Water is life. It is one of the most crucial elements that are required for the functioning of all life forms on earth. Humans, animals, plants and all other living creatures depend on it. Our planet is called the blue planet because of the presence of life-sustaining water.
We can access this universal solvent from large water bodies like oceans, rivers, streams, seas, lakes, springs, groundwater, and glaciers. There are multiple uses of water. On a day to day basis, we utilize it for various purposes like drinking, cooking, cleaning, etc.
Almost 70 percent of Earth is made up of water. Despite its abundance, only 3 percent of the world’s entire water content is fit for use. The human body regularly needs water to stay hydrated. Moreover, we can survive without food for several weeks but not without water.
Water is a non-renewable resource that needs to be used wisely. Lately, man-made activities have been continuously exploiting and polluting this resource. Our carelessness has diminished the available clean supply of water.
A shortage of water is a grave issue that demands our attention. And to do that, we must realize its value and try to conserve it. Along with that, we must come up with innovative techniques for better replenishment of water resources. Let us further discuss a few more things about the importance of water.
Properties of Water
The chemical formula of water is H2O. Water is said to be polar, and it is composed of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. Water is transparent. It exists in three distinct states – liquid, solid, and gas and its appearance varies with its state.
It appears to be crystalline when it is in solid-state. It is invisible in gaseous form. In the liquid state, it adopts the colour of the container it is placed in. It is devoid of any taste or odour. All these properties make it ideal for its multipurpose utilization.
Importance of Water
It is difficult to imagine a world without water. The absence of water will turn the earth into a dead place. Barren lands with no vegetation will diminish the greenery. The transition of one season to another will completely come to an end.
The marine life would come to an extinct. This means we won’t have any more fishes, whales, seals or dolphins. All humans and animals would be gradually wiped out of this planet. Water is a great gift bestowed to us by God.
It saves us from all kinds of misery. Here are some of the functional uses of water. It will help you better understand how precious water is in our lives.
Study reports suggest that approximately 70 percent of the human body is composed of water. All our cells, tissues, and organs use water to perform the basic functioning of the body.
Water regulates our body temperature. Drinking water can cool down our internal temperature when our body gets heated up due to some activity.
We continuously lose water in the form of respiration (breathing), perspiration (sweating), and digestion. Therefore, we need water to re-hydrate ourselves by either eating fruits that contain water or drinking enough fluids.
Domestic use of water cannot be ignored. While cooking, we require a lot of water, sometimes even for boiling or steaming purposes. Water is also used for washing clothes and utensils. Washing machines utilize a lot of water too.
Good hygiene is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Without proper sanitation, we are prone to diseases. Water is used for keeping ourselves clean. Activities like brushing our teeth, taking a bath, mopping the floors, cleaning the bathroom and using a steam iron also need water.
We clean our vehicles like bikes, cars, buses, etc. using high-pressure water pipes. Water is extensively used for agricultural practices. The livelihood of a farmer depends on it. A regular supply of water is needed while irrigating the crops and rearing the cattle.
Water is a great mode of transportation for people as well as goods. Huge ships are responsible for a lot of export and import businesses. Water is an excellent source of electricity. Dams and reservoirs store water part of which is provided to the power plants.
When waterfalls on the turbines (used in hydro power plants), its force is large enough to propel them and produce electricity, thermal power plants and other industries utilize a lot of water for cooling their heavy machinery.
Besides, there are several water sports which entertain us. Swimming, surfing, water skiing are such activities that need a good space of water for people to enjoy themselves. Boating is another fun sport that requires large water bodies.
Plants need water for their survival and making food. It is essential for their growth. This process helps them release oxygen which is very important for us. Gardening requires a lot of care, and it also needs water. People enhance their beauty by creating artificial fountains.
Aquatic life is dependent on water bodies. They use their gills for breathing in water. It is their home. They live and breed there. Groundwater is an important source of pure water. We can extract it by digging wells and installing hand pumps.
Water is undoubtedly essential for our fitness and physical health. From prehistoric times, it has been a part of our ecosystem. However, with the advent of science and technology, water has been relentlessly misused it.
Today, many areas of the world are facing a water crisis. Even the third-world nations are suffering from droughts and famines. Industrial toxins pollute large water bodies. And the groundwater supply is depleting at a fast rate.
All of this is a result of our greed. We must be conscious of our actions and stop wasting water. If we want to safeguard our future, we need to come up with efficient plans to win this battle.
The government must implement laws to check the pollution of water bodies. People must be made aware of the ongoing problems by organizing campaigns and specific events. Our collective efforts will help conserve this natural resource.