500+ Words Essay on Festival of India
India is known as the land of festivals. It is a cultural and religious country, and in it, each festival brings lots of happiness and enthusiasm. Festivals give a feeling of gratification and amusement. They connect all the Indians of different castes, religions, and states.
The most important festivals in India are Holi, Diwali, Dussehra, Christmas, Eid, and several others. During festivals, the homes are decorated and cleaned properly, and people visit their relatives and friends and greet them with love and affection.
A festival is a day or a period of the time celebrated in memory of something by persons of all religions. All the people have a holiday for these occasions to celebrate it with zeal and spirit. It fills them with contentment.
Types of Festivals in India
In India, the festivals are divided into different categories — National, Religious, and Seasonal. Each festival has its importance and is different in its own way. National festivals are celebrated in the remembrance of great people to pay tribute and respect.
Religious festivals are celebrated according to the religion. Hindus celebrate Holi, Deepawali, etc. Muslims celebrate Eid, Muharram. Christians celebrate Christmas. Seasonal Festivals are celebrated to mark the coming of seasons in different states.
National Festivals of India
Four National festivals are celebrated across the country. It comprises of Republic Day, Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti, and Children’s Day. It is a compulsory holiday all over the country. These are celebrated with great pride and joy throughout India. People sing national songs to pay respect and tribute to the great leaders who sacrificed their lives for the nation. These festivals bind people of different sex, religion, cultural differences, and castes.
Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January every year. It is a gazetted holiday throughout India. On this date, the constitution of India was established and transformed India into a republic. The parade is organized by the government.
The president of the country hoists the national flag to mark the ceremony at India Gate. Awards are also distributed in the form of Paramvir Chakra, Vir Chakra, and Ashok Chakra. Moreover, it is celebrated with a feeling of patriotism, and all the national heroes are admired by the whole nation.
Religious Festivals of India
The most important religious festivals are Holi, Diwali, Christmas, Eid, Janmashtami, Buddha Purnima, etc. India is a culturally diversified country. These make the country so special and rich in taste and colours.
Diwali is a festival of lights. Houses are decorated with Diyas and Rangoli. It lasts for five days.
Holi is full of colours and love. It is celebrated with water guns, colours, and balloons. Sweets are an essential part of these festivals.
Christmas is celebrated on 25th December, commemorating the birth of Jesus. The Christmas tree is decorated with bells, gifts, and lights. Kids sing Christmas carols and share gifts with each other.
Eid is the most important festival of the Muslims. People greet and hug each other with love and affection. They observe fasts to mark the end of Ramzan. It brings out the message of brotherhood among us all.
Seasonal Festivals of India
These festivals are celebrated in particular states, according to religions. These are mainly harvesting festivals celebrated on the occasion of harvesting of crops. These festivals include Lohri in Punjab, Onam in Kerala, Pongal, Bihu in Assam, Basant Panchmi, etc.
Basant Panchami is celebrated to mark the beginning of the spring season. It is of utmost importance to the farmers as all the crops are fully-grown this time.
Pongal is celebrated in Tamil Nadu. It is also known as the Thanksgiving festival. It is to mark the arrival of the harvesting season. Lohri is celebrated to mark the end of chill winters. Bonfire is set, and people throw popcorn, peanuts into the fire. Children sing traditional songs joyfully.
Importance of Festivals in India
- Festivals play a significant role in India’s culture. It brings all the people together to celebrate every festival with delight and amusement.
- It ends the negativities and marks the beginnings of new happiness. It gives hope and spiritual happiness.
- During this time, the whole country is in the mood for celebration.
- All the age groups, including kids, adults, teenagers, love festivals. It makes the surrounding a better place filled with positive vibes and optimism. It gives us an incredible opportunity to spread positivity and celebration.
- Festival embraces unity and compassion among people. It tells us that our religious and cultural differences do not matter. We are all together when we celebrate these occasions.
- It keeps us intact to our religion and culture.
- It shows qualities like brotherhood, love, trust, and respect among people. This helps to speed the growth of the economy. People buy more groceries, materials, and many other commodities. It supports a small scale and large-scale businesses.
Harmful Effects of Festivals in India
Lots of firecrackers are played in Diwali. It causes noise and air pollution due which the quality of air is deteriorated and badly affected. Many harmful chemicals are released in the air causing respiratory diseases such as bronchitis, breathing problems, etc. It also disturbs the animals and adults. It is not suitable for ears and can cause hearing damage and permanent hearing loss, especially to elders. Many people suffer from stress, anxiety, and hypertension due to this.
Tons of water is wasted in festivals like Holi, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc. The holy material is submerged in water bodies, which contaminates the water. It is the main reason to cause water pollution. This causes diseases like diarrhoea, typhoid, etc.
Festivals are an important part of life and should be celebrated with joy and excitement. However, important measures should be kept in mind to ensure that it does not affect nature. They should be celebrated in an eco-friendly manner. We should make use of green crackers and use newspapers for packing gifts. Festivals are a symbol of communal harmony and unity and spread merriness and serenity in the lives of all people.