Essay on Forest: The green cover of the Earth’s surface is predominated by forests and constitutes about 31% of the Earth’s ecosystem. They provide a beautiful living paradise for wildlife, flora, fauna, rare trees, animals and birds. Forests are a treasure trove of resources. They provide plenty of fresh air to the Earth and balance the water cycle and thus a blessing for mankind. Timber, food products, fuel, medicines and spices can be obtained by forest trees.
Essay on Forest 500 Words in English
Below we have provided Forest Essay in English, suitable for class 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.
Forests are the home to about millions of creatures. They are surrounded by the beauty of woods, long tress with the limitless sky over them, gently blowing breeze and many more heart-warming things. Forests are entangled part of our ecosystem. They contain trees, shrubs, grasses, etc. They are covered with trees and plants and offer a comfortable environment for wildlife to live in.
Types of Forest
India is covered with various types of forests. From the rain forest in the south to the pastures in the north, from the deserts in the west to the evergreen forests in the east. There is a diverse range of forest in India. Based on nature, composition, and type of climate forest are divided into different types.
- Coniferous forest stays green all year long and has trees with needle-like leaves. These forests are found across the Northern Hemisphere and in certain Southern Hemisphere places. They grow in climates where there are short summers and long winters.
- The evergreen forest has evergreen trees that remain full of leaves and are tall and hardwood types throughout the year. They usually occur in areas receiving more than 200 cm of rainfall and have a hot climate.
- The wet evergreen forest has tall, straight evergreen trees with an underpinning trunk that helps them to stay upright during a storm. They grow in the area having a temperature of about 25°-27°C and rainfall up to 250 cm annually.
- Tropical Deciduous forest, commonly known as Monsoon forest, are the most widespread forest. They have trees that lose their leaves seasonally. As seasons change, the colours of the leave also change.
- The Thorn Forest have stunted trees with thorny bushes, and roots spread deep underground. Trees remain leafless for most of the year. They are found in areas with temperatures around 25 to 30 degrees, and rainfall less than 70 cm.
Importance of Forest
We cannot underestimate how important forests are to us. We depend on forests for many things, from oxygen to the wood. Significant benefits of the forest include-
- Forests provide us with water, food, and fuel. They give us raw materials to make medicines, cosmetics, and detergents.
- Forests provide habitats to a large number of animal species. They are home to 80% of the wildlife, and they form the source of livelihood for many human settlements, including 60 million native people.
- Trees keep the earth cool by absorbing carbon dioxide reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Plants need carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. They protect us from global warming. They generate atmospheric conditions that promote regular rainfall. During floods, they help the ground by absorbing water that improves the soil’s fertility.