500+ Words Essay on Gender Equality
Equality of gender or sexual equality is the condition in which all human beings, despite their biological distinctions, should have easy and fair access to all rights and opportunities. Equality in creating their own life, equitable economic participation, equity in the way they work, equitable decision-making, equity in about all they go through should be given.
It is also crucial for global development to maintain gender equality. Until now, women remain unable to make a significant contribution and do not recognise their full potential. From the beginning, discrimination between men and women has been a common problem.
It is so sad that even a human’s biological disparity can change all kinds of meaning and rights. Both sexes differ in facilities and importance, from birth to marriage, work to the style of life.
Importance of Gender Equality
Even though our spiritual convictions regard women as a god, we do not identify them first as human. Women in different businesses are still understated in decision-making positions.
Less than 1/3rd women in the world occupy ranks of senior management according to several studies. It would eventually help to promote greater economic prosperity by ensuring gender equity in the fields of health care, schooling, jobs and representation in strategic and monetary decision-making practices.
Many global organisations emphasise the need for addressing a variety of social, cultural, and other problems of gender equality.
Causes of Gender Discrimination
There are many barriers to ensuring equality for men and women in India. The Indian mentality survives in the profoundly entrenched structure of patriarchy. Men are granted higher importance than women who are seen as a liability.
That is why girls’ education is not taken too seriously, which in India again undermines gender equality. The lack of gender equality in India is also leading to children’s marriages and child labour.
Poverty in India is another gender empowerment pitfall as it drives girls into sexual exploitation, child trafficking, forced marriages and domestic violence.
The lack of empathy towards women exposes them to attacks, harassment, assaults, dangerous workplaces and roads, which have made it impossible to attain gender equality in India.
Efforts to Fight Gender Inequality
Several measures have been pursued by the respective governments to address this imbalance in gender disparity since independence. For example, some of the schemes have been initiated by the government under the Ministry of Women and Child Development, to ensure that women are handled fairly, such as:
- Swadhar and Short Stay Homes to relieve and restore depressed women.
- Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) is to provide miniaturised funds for women in developing countries.
- National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW) to strengthen general practices to promote all-round women ‘s development.
- Support to Training and Employment Program for Women (STEP) was introduced to ensure the salary age of business and income for rustic and urban impoverished women in the nation.
- Sabla Scheme has been announced for the general advancement of young people in the 11-18 years old age range.
Some of the legislation enacted by the government often shield persons irrespective of gender. For example, the 1973 Equal Remuneration Act gives employees fair pay instalment for equivalent comparable jobs without discrimination.
The government has approved the Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act 2008 with the overall goal of providing uniform benefits to woman professionals who work in the unorganised market.
Besides, the 2013 Sexual harassment of women in the workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act covers all people in all work environments, whether composed or chaotic, regardless of their age or status.
Measures of Gender Equality
Gender-related Development Index: It calculates the rate of growth in countries fixed by perceived gender inequalities. The GDI discusses gender disparities in life expectancy, employment and wages. GDI is a gender-focused assessment of Human Development Index.
Gender Equity Index: To quantify circumstances that are unfavourable to women, the Gender Equity Index has been created. This aims to facilitate international comparisons between leading countries, based on three dimensions, education, economic participation and empowerment of gender inequity indicators.
Gender Empowerment Measure: GEM was developed in tandem with GDI. The GEM was designed to test “whether men and women would engage effectively in economic and political life and take decisions”.
Global Gender Gap Index: The World Economic Forum introduced this initiative in 2006 and is distributed annually ever since. The index is based on female disadvantage (so it is not purely equal) and is aimed at measuring the gender difference across countries and years.
Gender Equality in India
The inequalities in gender equity and their social roots are affecting India’s sex ratios, women’s well-being, economic and country development.
In India, gender discrimination is a multi-faceted problem impacting a wider community. In either case, women are still not treated fairly with their men counterparts if India’s population is analysed in general.
It has been around for many years, and many people in the world still recognise it as part of their lives. Although Indian laws on assault, theology and infidelity provide simple women with security, the profoundly patriarchal practices also have a troubling impact on the lives of many people today.
In reality, India was ranked 113 in the Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 135 countries polled according to the 2011 Global Gender Gap Report from the World Economic Forum (WEF). India had also upgraded its Gender Gap Index (GGI) rankings at the World Economic Forum to 105/136 in 2013. If divided into GGI sections, India does well with the diplomatic support, but it is as bad as China with the removal of the sex-specific foetus.
Role of the United Nations
In helping the Indian government to achieve its gender equality target, the UN has been very active. In 2008, the United Nations General Secretary launched the UNITE Crusade against Violence against women to raise awareness and to increase political will and to deter and consummate all kinds of violence against women.
The UNITE Campaign aims to trigger people and networks through its promotional efforts at regional, territorial and national levels. Despite enthusiasm for women’s long-standing activities and alliances within the general community, the conflict successfully captivates families, young people, VIPs, artisans, sport identification, private life and much more.
However, UN Women was made a significant component of the UN reform program that merged gender equity tools and directives. In India, UN Women works closely with the Indian government and the usual community to create national standards to ensure gender equality.
UN Woman seeks to improve the financial security of woman farmers and manual foragers through its assistance. UN Women teaches peacekeepers to recognise and end conflict-related violence as an integral part of its focus on stability and health.
Women also battled for equal justice for years, the privilege of casting ballots, the privilege of managing their organisations and the promise to adequate care in the workplace world. Moreover, the challenges have been involved, but we have a long way to go in treating women similarly to men.
There are more and more social activists and campaigners today who claim that compulsory sexual orientation seminars for different city professionals, including the police and the legal profession, are among the most critical approaches to bring about a transformation of attitude and mentality of people. We can at least dream of a world that does not view individuals of different sexes differently in the future.