Essay on Gender Equality: A society free from gender-based discrimination and equal opportunities for both men and women is termed “Gender equality”. Human discrimination based on gender in various spheres of political, educational, economic, and social circles curtails women’s growth and development. We need greater participation of women in leadership roles, decision making roles and higher positions. Gender equality increases economic growth and prosperity of its citizens.
Essay on Gender Equality 500 Words in English
Below we have provided Gender Equality Essay in English, suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.
Equality of gender or sexual equality is the condition in which all human beings, despite their biological distinctions, should have easy and fair access to all rights and opportunities. Equality in creating their own life, equitable economic participation, equity in the way they work, equitable decision-making, equity in about all they go through should be given. It is also crucial for global development to maintain gender equality. Until now, women remain unable to make a significant contribution and do not recognise their full potential. From the beginning, discrimination between men and women has been a common problem.
Causes of Gender Discrimination
There are many barriers to ensuring equality for men and women in India. The Indian mentality survives in the profoundly entrenched structure of patriarchy. Men are granted higher importance than women who are seen as a liability. That is why girls’ education is not taken too seriously, which undermines gender equality in India. The lack of gender equality in India is also leading to children’s marriages and child labour.
Poverty in India is another gender empowerment pitfall as it drives girls into sexual exploitation, child trafficking, forced marriages and domestic violence. The lack of empathy towards women exposes them to attacks, harassment, assaults, dangerous workplaces and roads, which have made it impossible to attain gender equality in India.
How is Gender Equality Measured?
Gender-Related Development Index – It calculates the rate of growth in countries fixed by perceived gender inequalities. The GDI discusses gender disparities in life expectancy, employment and wages. GDI is a gender-focused assessment of Human Development Index.
Gender Equity Index – To quantify circumstances that are unfavourable to women, the Gender Equity Index has been created. This aims to facilitate international comparisons between leading countries, based on three dimensions, education, economic participation and empowerment of gender inequity indicators.
Gender Empowerment Measure – GEM was developed in tandem with GDI. The GEM was designed to test “whether men and women would engage effectively in economic and political life and take decisions”.
Global Gender Gap Index – The World Economic Forum introduced this initiative in 2006 and is distributed annually ever since. The index is based on female disadvantage (so it is not purely equal) and is aimed at measuring the gender difference across countries and years.
Gender Equality in India
The inequalities in gender equity and their social roots affect India’s sex ratios, women’s well-being, and economic and country development. In India, gender discrimination is a multi-faceted problem impacting a wider community. In either case, women are still not treated fairly with their men counterparts if India’s population is analysed in general.
It has been around for many years, and many people in the world still recognise it as part of their lives.
Although Indian laws on assault, theology and infidelity provide simple women with security, the profoundly patriarchal practices also have a troubling impact on many people’s lives today. In reality, India was ranked 113 in the Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 135 countries polled according to the 2011 Global Gender Gap Report from the World Economic Forum (WEF). India had also upgraded its Gender Gap Index (GGI) rankings at the World Economic Forum to 105/136 in 2013. If divided into GGI sections, India does well with the diplomatic support, but it is as bad as China to remove the sex-specific foetus.
Efforts to Fight Gender Inequality
The respective governments have pursued several measures to address this imbalance in gender disparity since independence. For example, some of the schemes have been initiated by the government under the Ministry of Women and Child Development, to ensure that women are handled fairly, such as:
- Swadhar and Short Stay Homes to relieve and restore depressed women.
- Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) provides miniaturised funds for women in developing countries.
- National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW) strengthens general practices to promote all-round women ‘s development.
- Support to Training and Employment Program for Women (STEP) was introduced to ensure the salary age of business and income for rustic and urban impoverished women.
- Sabla Scheme has been announced for young people’s general advancement in the 11-18 years old age range.
The government has approved the Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act 2008 with the overall goal of providing uniform benefits to woman professionals who work in the unorganised market. Besides, the 2013 Sexual harassment of women in the workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act covers all people in all work environments, whether composed or chaotic, regardless of their age or status.