Hiroshima Day – 6 August 2020
The United States of America dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima on 6th August in the year 1945, three days later on 9th August another atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. The bombing on these two cities made Japan surrender unconditionally, and hence World war II came to an end.
This was the first time any country had used a nuclear weapon to wipe out an entire city and its repercussions were massive. The bombing on these two cities showed the devastating power of atomic weapons to the world. Hiroshima Day is observed on 6th August annually. It marks the anniversary of the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The main purpose of keeping this day is to promote peace politics.
Hiroshima Day 2020 – History
During World War II on 6th of August 1945, the United States of America dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima in Japan using an American B-29 bomber. The explosion of the nuclear bomb wiped out almost 90 percent of the city, killing close to 80,000 people instantly. The people who survived from this attack were seriously injured. Say another 15,000 people survived with serious injuries.
Despite the bombing on the city of Hiroshima, Japan did not surrender. Hence after three days, there was another atomic bomb that was dropped on the city of Nagasaki in Japan. The effect of bombing on these cities was severe, as a result of Emperor of Japan Hirohito announced unconditional surrender in World war II.
This announcement was made on the radio on 15th August. The statement also informed the devastating power of nuclear weapons and the after-effects of the new and most cruel bombing.
The radiation had an effect on the people of these two cities for the next generations as well. People of these two cities suffered the after-effects for many years. This bombing showed that it’s a brutal way of ending a war.
Significance of Hiroshima Day 2020
Hiroshima day observed on the anniversary of the atomic bombing of two cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. The purpose of this day is to spread awareness on peace politics so that there are no more World wars and also to make people aware of the adverse effects it has on people and places.
The focus is on anti-war, anti-nuclear discussions and demonstrations on Hiroshima day. Galway Alliance organizes an annual event against the war in Eyre Square. The experience includes various programs like music, song, dance and drama.
Hiroshima was a small fishing village. It was founded in 1589 on the banks of Ota River. During the Meiji Restoration in the year 1868, Hiroshima’s growth was speedy, and it soon transformed into a significant urban centre and industrial hub. Hiroshima officially became a city in the year 1889. In the imperial era, Hiroshima was a centre of military activities playing significant roles during the Sino – Japanese war, Russo – Japanese war and the two World wars.
Hiroshima is best remembered in history as the first city, which was attacked by a nuclear weapon towards the end of World War II. The United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima destroying the entire city. The most affected by the bombing were the civilians of this city.
Infrastructure, Vegetation and economy of this city all destroyed in a wink. The radiation effect was so detrimental that they could not cultivate anything for many years after the bombing. Also, people suffered from different kind of diseases for many generations due to radiations. Hibakusha is the Japanese name for the people exposed to radiation.
The city of Hiroshima was rebuilt after World war II with the help of the Japanese Government. The national government helped the cause through the Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law passed in 1949.
The government provided financial support and also donated lands that were owned by the national government and used by the imperial military. To this day Hiroshima is the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Honshu, the largest island of Japan.
Nagasaki also was a small fishing village initially on the island of Kyushu in Japan. During the Meiji revolution, Nagasaki gained the status of a city on 1st April in the year 1889.
Nagasaki is the capital of Nagasaki Prefecture and also the largest city on the island of Kyushu. It became the biggest port for the trade with the Dutch and Portuguese during the 16th century until the 19th century.
The ports of Nagasaki served as the home for the Imperial Japanese Navy base during the Sino – Japanese war and Russo Japanese war. Nagasaki was a city that had the highest trade transactions contributing hugely to the Japanese economy.
But the historical significance of Nagasaki was, during World War II. After three days of the atomic bombing on the city of Hiroshima, an atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki on 9th August. After the bombing on this city, Japan surrendered unconditionally, thus ending World War II.
Rebuilding Hiroshima City
After the bombing of this city, it did not take a longer time for this city to start functioning. The broken water pipes were repaired, and the water supply began in four days after the bombing, Electricity was restored to the 30 percent of the homes in Hiroshima that escaped the fire damage and all households by the end of November 1945.
The central telephone was destroyed and all the employees killed, yet the essential equipment was retrieved and repaired, by August 14 the experimental lines were back in operation. The Hiroshima branch of the Bank of Japan reopened two days later. It was one of the concrete buildings that survived the bombing. It offered floor space to other banks in the building to start operations.
This city is the best example of human cruelty and human grit. The restoration work would not have been possible for the government alone. It was a combined effort of the civilian and the government to restore the essential services as early as possible.
Anti-Nuclear day or International day against nuclear tests is an effort to spread awareness or increase the knowledge of the people about the effects of Nuclear weapon testing or any Nuclear explosions.
The International Day against Nuclear Tests is observed on 29th August annually around the globe. The United Nations General Assembly declared the day at the 64th session on 2nd December 2009.
There was a resolution 64/35 passed for the same and was adopted unanimously by all the member nations.
The goal of Anti-Nuclear day is to increase awareness about the effect of the Nuclear test and explosion, the need to stop them. This is the only way to achieving the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world.
Kazakhstan initiated the resolution along with others to commemorate the closure of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear test site on 29th August in the year 1991.
In the year 2010, all the member nations have signed a treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear weapons. The member nations have committed to achieving peace and security of a nuclear-weapon-free world.
The use of Nuclear weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II has left a longing effect on the world. The advanced technologies and research on nuclear weapons will only make it more insecure for us to live peacefully.
Fear of usage of these weapons in any modern-day war and the imagination of the after-effects are already horrific. So this Hiroshima day or Anti-Nuclear day lets all promise to make all possible efforts to stop the Nuclear tests and work towards achieving a peaceful world for ourselves.