Government of India takes the account of framing and de-framing the policies within slab of the Civil Services of India. This complies to serve both Central and State government and administer their major policies and strategies in taking important decisions.
There are basically three major service machinery under government planning and these comprises of – The Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Administrative service (IAS), and Indian Forest Service (IFS).
These bodies together form the unreaping bureaucratic backbone of the government without any consideration of any sort of political affiliation.
IAS is deemed to be the most prestigious service among all the 24 services like IFS, IPS for which the UPSC conducts civil service examinations (CSE). The officers selected for IAS are allotted different roles as of Collector, head of public sector units, cabinet secretory, chief secretory and commissioner.
Centralizing all the imperative roles, experiences, challenges and their demand IAS requires a unique style of preparation and quality in the candidate.
Being one of the most aspiring job roles in the mind of every single graduate, IAS demands a lot of credentials on the ground of competition, which has to be equally remarkable.
How to become an IAS Officer – Simple Steps
Check Eligibility Criteria
- Candidate have to be the citizen of India.
- Candidates must have completed their graduation from any reputed university with at least above 55% of marks.
- The candidate must be physically and mentally sound for the designation
- As the person has to serve for one of the most respectable post of the country, he / she have to be clear on all the grounds of criminal rates.
- Both male and female are equally eligible for the position.
Age limit criteria
Minimum age limit for appearing in UPSC exam is 21 years however the maximum age limit varies as per the category, which is as follows –
- For General – Maximum age limit is 32 years
- For OBC – Maximum age limit is 35 years
- For SC/ST – Maximum age limit is 37 years
Number of Attempts allowed
No. of attempts vary as per the categories as follows:
General category- 6 attempts,
OBC category – 9 attempts, and
SC/ST candidates category – unlimited attempts are allowed till the time the maximum age limit is attained by the candidate.
Understanding UPSC IAS syllabus
Understanding syllabus in crux is half success achieved for a fresher or a starter, which is as follows –
The exam is divided into three phase –
- 1st Phase – Preliminary
- 2nd Phase – Mains
- 3rd Phase – Interviews
Syllabus for all three is different. There are two compulsory papers for preliminary exam of total 200 marks in the month of May or June.
These comprise General Studies Paper 1 and General Studies Paper 2, questions asked in these two sections will be of multiple choice objective types.
Marks attained in preliminary exam are just for qualifying for Mains and are not counted in merit list. Therefore, a candidate exam in UPSC depends only upon the marks obtained in Mains and interview together.
Those candidates, who are declared to be qualified in Preliminary exam, will be appearing in Mains exam that is generally held in the month of October.
There are many Essay type Indian language qualifying paper of 300 marks, English qualifying paper of 300 marks, general essay type paper of 200 marks, general studies paper 300 marks each, optional subject paper of 300 marks each.
Once, the candidates are through with the main exam, the qualified candidates will then be taken to the interview process. In which they are tested upon their mental ability and personality, based on which the final list of the selected candidates are prepared.
The merit list thus made is on the basis of highest achieved marks between 400 marks to 450 marks, approx. The finally selected candidates thus are placed in National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie which is now renamed as Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA).
This academy is meant to impart training to IAS probationers. Once the training is over, the officers are posted in various parts of India as per the requirement of Central and State Government.
The IAS officers are there to serve different sections of the central and state governments; initially they will place under various cadres. New IAS incumbent services are allowed to serve various cadres under Cadre system.
The cadre system is allotted either on the basis of lottery or those who top in each state are also likely to get their posting in their home town if they wish to.
Books required for IAS Exam Preparation
- Download NCERT books for UPSC Civil Services Exams
- India and World Geography By Majid Hussain
- G.C. Leong Physical & Human Geography book
Indian Polity Books
- Indian Polity By M. Laxmi Kanth
Indian Economy Books
- Indian Economy by Ramesh singh
- Indian economy By Kapila
Art & Culture
- Art & Culture books by Lexicon Publication & TMH Publication
- Art & Culture books by TMH Publication
- Environment Booklet by Majid Hussain
- Environment Booklet By Shankar IAS
- Science & Technology-TMH Publication
- Science & Technology-Wizzard Publication
- India since Independence Bipin Chandra
- Modern History by Rajiv Ahir
In addition with all these books, Indian Schemes can be studied through – India Year Book – 2020. Here the current affairs play an important role and covers major section of the exam, thus completing it is a major challenge. In the same context UPSC first Gaurav Agrawal says that, “to prepare current affairs, The Hindu is best”.
By now we have understood that the syllabus of entire UPSC exam is very vast and tiring. Thus, to move smartly we have understood that finalizing syllabus is an imperative step here; following are the steps for the same –
- Go through the list of all the optional subjects again and again, repeatedly. Read these names at least for 10 minutes to fix them in your mind.
- No reverse back in your school days and think deeply that which was your favorite subject, where you excelled did, and where you didn’t.
- Now reflect in present that news of which area interests you the most and which you enjoy reading the most. Then think that which topic and area of GS you will like reading the most. It differs from people to people as some likes history, whereas others prefer Geography or some other. Listing the area will help you in short-listing the subjects as your optional subjects.
- Based on the entire above preferences make a list of 4-5 subjects, you think that you are motivated about the most.
- Now go through the syllabus of all the optional subjects you have chosen. Read all the topics of the syllabus carefully and underline what you interesting seem to be. Similarly, check the syllabus of each selected optional subject.
- Now check previous year papers of the shortlisted subjects. Recheck your knowledge and amount of interest you have regarding the shortlisted subject, just to ensure that you are really interested in the subject.
- Once you are sure about all, availability of reading material and coaching matters a lot. As, in some subjects quality material and coaching is difficult to get. Also, one can prepare non-technical subjects without the assistance of any coaching or tutorial, provided that you practice the subject course daily and build up writing ability daily.
- By, now you must be clear about how which subject you are most confident and would like to continue with for your IAS preparation. For example – If you were an arts student you might be quiet clear that whether you are interested in history or geography or in other literature paper.
Strategies to become an IAS Officer
#1. Be planned and focused
If you are done with your planning, half of your success is achieved. Yes, its’ true, as better planning will help you in focusing on what is expected from you to be done.
It will not only save your time, but will also help you in removing all the ambiguities from the run and ultimately achieve success with less discomfort. As, you have to cover a very vast syllabus, you should plan your preparation smartly.
#2. Time management
If you want to clear IAS exam, time management is the most crucial part of the same. As every paper and its every single subject is equally important and require equal preparation along with attention, time management hits to be the basic requirement during preparation of IAS exam.
Also, during exam if you have not practiced the question sets earlier by setting time, you will never be able to perform in the given time slot. Resultantly, you will leave your paper, irrespective of the fact that how knowledgeable you are.
#3. Practice, practice and practice
There is no shortcut of success, and if we talk about your fight for IAS, don’t even give a thought on easy go, happy, lucky fortune of yours; as nothing of this sort is going to please you on your way ahead.
Thus, to retain and gain more in less time practice some concentration exercise that will build up more knowledge.
Read a paragraph of any book and the recite the verbatim of the same in mind, this practice will increase your grasping and recalling power. Practice this for 5 minutes daily, and you will enjoy the benefit within few months.
#4. Make Notes
Remembering everything on last day of revision is not possible, hence make separate note book for every subject and make writing a habit of yours.
Jot down every single point or information wherever you read and find that is important or new to you. Always keep an eye on information in daily newspapers, business and political magazines, web surfing, etc.
#5. Think differently
To achieve something big, you have to think differently. Be analytical, logical, comprehensive and contextual in your approach of attaining knowledge.
Solve all the marks of interrogation related to any topic you are reading, this will not only build up all the skills in you, but will also help you in closing the topic completely. In this way gradually, you will be able to finish the syllabus and build up confidence in you.
#6. Read news through nerves
The biggest aspect that makes UPSC syllabus the toughest is its relying on the news and current affairs of day to day that gives it an elongation in the syllabus. Hence, always keep an eye on current affairs, as they are the only best friend of yours in this struggle for success.
Also, before you start reading just make sure that you are reading authentic news from any authentic source along with some dedicated news headlines which will actually help you.
This will help you in saving your time, effort and energy and will end up giving you true knowledge about any update.
#7. Be productively internet savvy
Just one click and you are into the ocean of knowledge and information. Internet has therefore reduced the effort and time of searching library books, magazines, going to coaching’s or hunting for tutorial.
Even though there is no substitute of books and teachers taking physical classes, yet you being internet savvy can increase your span of knowledge easily.
#8. Be committed
If you want to shine like Sun, you have to burn like Sun”, this is very true in practical life. Every year many aspirants face either side of the exam based on their will power to rise or fall. As we think so we act and so we get.
So, never lose hope, have trust on yourself, your capabilities, your knowledge and above all on your self-confidence. Remember, that no bar can halt you back if once you have decided to do something and achieve your destination.
Recall the lines of Robert Frost –
Woods are lovely, dark and deep
But I have promises to keep,
Miles to go before I sleep…
Every year around and above 9 Lakh aspirants appear in India’s toughest examination. They prepare throughout the year round with all their efforts of warm days and c hilly nights, however very few are blessed enough to enjoy the fruits of the hard work.
Now what generates this gap between success and failure, when the amount of effort is same? Well! There are certain qualities that generally indulge those who succeed into the role, leaving the rest behind.
In case, if you too dream to be a civil servant through IAS grounds, reading ahead will definitely lead you on the path of success.
Important qualities to excel as an IAS Officer
By now you must be very clear about the eligibility criteria, age limit as per your category, syllabus you choose and how to choose the subject. However, exceeding all no matter how clear and confident you are with your subject, but the basic inherent instinct of quality and behavior matters the most.
Also, in case you have succeeded the exam, still there are certain behavioral patterns which will lead you towards appraisal after joining. Below mentioned are the same –
An IAS officer is knowingly given the administrative power because of which an IAS officer should have a habit of leading, guiding, supporting and motivating their subordinates.
Hard work and Commitment
As an IAS officer will be looking towards every function of a particular department varying from administration to the finance, he should be utterly devoted in his work with full hard work and commitment. Unless, he does so the ultimate aim of the role can never be achieved.
Honesty and Ethics
When such a respectable task and honored position is given to an IAS officer after such a difficult task, same expectation is even dreamt from them.
Honesty with full dedication and truthfulness in the terms of handling many responsible task of the government is expected from them.
Secondly, it is not just a highly earned position but also is expected to be most ethical too for the public. They should avoid misusing the power and well-being of the mankind.
For example, the funds which are allocated for any project should be used in the aligned purpose only rather than using it in their own means.
By the country and for the country, should be the sole aim of any IAS officer. Their every decision and every task should be in alignment with the country’s welfare.
As the responsibility of building a better tomorrow is on the shoulders of an IAS officer, hence he has to be faithful towards country and his patronage.
Furthermore, pre and post keys of success for becoming a successful and respectable IAS officers discussed till now will definitely help you in aspiring for a bright and better future as an officer of grade. All the best!!! 🙂