Essay on Human Rights: Every human being is entitled to a set of fundamental rights of living called human rights. They are universally applicable without any violation. Eleanor Roosevelt championed the cause of human rights across continents. To look into matters of human rights violation, the International Court of Justice conducts investigations. The Geneva Convention of Human rights lists down simple and complex rights essential in human lives.
Essay on Human Rights 500 Words in English
Below we have provided Human Rights Essay in English, suitable for class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.
Human rights refer to a set of rights which all humans can access. Man under human rights is not the same as under religion or philosophy. All humans can inherit these rights irrespective of their caste, colour, gender, or creed. Even their economic status does not matter in this aspect. Human rights defend our interests and enhance our living standards. We are entitled to these rights because we are born human. Our existence is the source of these rights. Some of the basic beliefs of these rights include:
- All humans are born free.
- They have equality in dignity and rights.
- Being members of the same family, they should maintain the spirit of brotherhood.
- Human beings are granted with a conscience.
- They have a sense of reason.
- They have the right to be recognized as an individual before the court of law.
United Nations Organization (UNO) believes human rights lay the foundation of freedom, peace, and justice in our world. There are no exclusive privileges or hierarchy in the matter of its possession. These rights are meant to lead our society towards progress. Being closely related to freedom, human rights improve the lives of both men and women. A better understanding of these rights would promote friendly relationships between different nations. It would bring the world together.
Types of Human Rights
Classification of Human rights is important. It makes us realize our roles in different fields of life. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNDHR) has categorised human rights into two major types:
1. Civil and Political Rights
Civil and Political rights include the basic rights of human-like rights to liberty, nationality, and equality. They also take into consideration all the rights to freedom from slavery, punishment, exile, or arbitrary arrest. Freedom of speech, expression, movement, faith, and religion also fall in this category. These rights limit the government’s authority on our independence. Moreover, these rights allow us to involve in governmental matters. Under these, we are entitled to equal access to public services. We have the free choice to vote whomever we want.
2. Social and Cultural Rights
Social and Cultural rights guide the government to come up with new and effective ways. These ways would improve a citizen’s quality of life. Rights to work, rest, and health fall under this category of human rights. These also empower us with the right to equal pay for an equal level of work. Here, we can enjoy the benefits of having social security (during specific situations). These situations include old age, unemployment, sickness, etc. We can marry, have a family, and be entitled to the right to property.
Importance of Human Rights
The overall development of a country and its citizens is marked by the application of these rights. Each of these rights is unique. For example, the right to life is meant to protect us. It makes sure we are not threatened or killed. It also safeguards our peace of mind. If we look at the right to freedom of movement, we can see how it’s helping our mobility. This right respects our choices.
It enables us to travel and reside at any place in this world. We can reap the benefits of the opportunities presented to us anywhere and anytime. Human Rights also give us the right to a fair trial. Courts are the legal grounds that provide us with unprejudiced decisions. We can trust this source when all means of justice fail. Besides this, human rights are responsible for ending slavery. They ensure we lead a successful and prosperous life.