What is the full form of IAS?
The Indian Administrative Services (IAS) or Bharatiya Prasasanik Seva is the main administrative arm of the All India Services. It is considered to be the utmost premier civil services of India, out of three services of All Indian Services including Indian Police services (IPS) and Indian Forest Services (IFS).
Candidate selected in IAS exam serves both the Indian Government as well as Individual States too depending upon their posting and responsibilities assigned. As, IAS is determined to be the part of permanent bureaucracy and an inseparable part of the Government of India, it remains politically silent, but as a major role in any execution of the coalition.
Recruitment of IAS Officers is based on the three modes conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). UPSC is a mode of direct recruitment and the officers get recruited through this mode are called direct recruits.
However, other than UPSC even the state civil services and non-state civil services are also some of the modes of recruitment. The ratio among former mode and later mode is 2:1. In fact, all the selected officers irrespective of their mode of selection get appointment through the President of India.
Difficulty level – Out of more than 1 million aspirants who appear every year in UPSC exams only 180 candidates get into the process. The astonishing figure shows the success rate even lesser than 0.01%.
Educational Qualification required for becoming an IAS officer
The aspirant must be successfully graduates from any recognised university to apply for this esteemed post. The exam is conducted every year by UPSC and is considered to have cut throat competition due to its highly demanding nature and level of difficulty.
Syllabus for IAS exam
The exam is divided into three consecutive stages –
Preliminary – Syllabus of paper 1
- Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
- General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change that do not require subject specialisation.
- Current events of national and international importance.
- Indian Polity and Governance Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
- History of India and Indian National Movement.
- Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
- General Science.
1. Preliminary Syllabus of paper 2 – CSAT
- Logical reasoning and analytical ability
- Decision-making and problem-solving.
- Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
- General mental ability.
- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. Class X level).
Main exam is conducted after preliminary and candidates qualifying preliminary are only allowed to sit in Mains exam. It includes 9 papers out of which two are qualifying carrying 300 marks each.
Remaining 7 papers include Essay paper, General studies paper 1- 4, and optional paper 1-2. Each of these 7 papers carries 250 marks in total which comes to be 1750 marks. Marks earned in these 7 papers are counted in final merit list based on which selection is done.
The aspirants who qualify mains exam are only allowed to sit for the interview round which is the last phase of selection. The interview is conducted to do personality test, mental ability, moral integrity, logical and analytical reasoning, which is of 275 marks.
The marks obtained including mains and interview exams cumulatively is used to rank the candidates on merit list and the result thus obtained is finally uploaded on the UPSC website or any renowned newspaper.
Roles and duties of an IAS officer
The standard functions to be performed by the India’s most prestigious designation is under following brackets –
- To operate and manage daily regulations of the government. This includes formulation and implementation of the policy in any particular ministry of charge.
- To do collection of revenue and operate functions of court officials, regulate and maintain the law an order, to implement and maintain government policies both in the concern of state and union government. These functions are regulated from fundamental to the prime position in all the departments. Divisions of additional district magistrates, sub-divisional magistrate, district magistrates, and divisional commissioner, all acts as the agent of government when it comes on formulation and implantation of any policy, they act actively between the public and the government.
- The IAS officers also plays major role in policy formulation and taking some imperative decision on part of government, with the approval of minister and council of ministers as per the seriousness of the concern matter. The officers are generally concerned up to this extent when they are promoted to even higher cadre of joint secretory, additional secretory, special secretory or secretory equivalent, cabinet secretory, principle secretory, and additional chief secretory or chief secretory.
Promotion and posting
Like any corporate and their appraisal, even the promotion of the IAS depends upon performance appraisal report. These reports are based on the performance of the IAS officer in decision making, policy formulation and their implementation, promptness and pro-activeness in the government affairs, etc.
The reports are judged to analyse the suitability of the IAS officers in cabinet or union affairs. These reports are compiled annually and are initiated by the officers on their own. The reports when reviewed by the reporting officer, it is listed by the IAS officers achievement, target assigned in a year and completion of the assigned task.
The report is thus evaluated and modified by the report or evaluating officer and is then further forwarded to the final authority for a ultimate decision of promotion and posting.
Salary of the designated Officers in different ranks
- Cabinet Secretory grade – Their position in the state government or central government is Cabinet secretory of India on a pay scale of INR 90,000.
- Apex scale – They stand to be at chief secretary of state or union secretory in charge of various ministries in government of India on a pay scale of INR 80,000.
- Above super time scale – Appointed as principal secretory, additional secretaries in the government of India at a pay scale of INR 67,000- 79,000.
- Super time scale – Designated as district collector in a district or special secretory in a state or a director in the central government is scaled at INR 37,400- INR 67,000 plus a grade pay of INR 8700
- Junior administrative grade – Joint secretory in the state government or a deputy secretory in the central government is scaled at INR 15,600 – INR 39,100 plus grade pay of INR 7600.
- Senior time scale – Chief development officer or municipal commissioner in district or under any secretory in state or an o.s.d in central government at a pay scale of INR 15,600- INR 39,100 plus grade pay of INR 6600
- Junior time scale – Known to be sub divisional magistrate in a sub division of a district (entry position) at a pay scale of INR 15,600 – INR 39,100 plus grade pay of INR 5400.
Aforesaid information’s comprises of a thorough guide of IAS eligibility, exam pattern, syllabus, marking pattern and merit list calculation, their roles and responsibilities, promotion and appraisal and salary based on different designation.
Thus, in order to enjoy all the benefits of the glittering jewel of government start your preparation today.