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Independence Day Essay – 250 Words
Independence Day is one of the most important national holidays in India. Its significance has been marked in Indian history. Every year it is celebrated on the 15th of August. In 1947, on this very day, India got free from the rule of the tyrant British Empire.
Our freedom fighters toiled their way through this liberty. It took a lot of suffering and sacrifice to achieve this autonomy. Every Indian is filled with the essence of patriotism when the entire nation celebrates Independence Day together.
In 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was our prime minister. India celebrated its first Independence Day at the Red Fort of New Delhi. For the very first time, India’s tricolour flag was unfolded by our prime minister at this spot,
and every year that followed continued this tradition.
People would gather up around the Red Fort Area to watch the celebration. The event would start with our prime minister hoisting the national flag. This would be followed by the recitation of Jana Gana Mana (our national anthem).
After the prime minister’s annual speech, the Indian Army would perform a march past here. School students would contribute their participation in different cultural programs. Moreover, schools, colleges, and governmental institutions pay their tributes by hoisting the National Flags.
Independence Day means a lot to all the citizens of our country. It allows us to remember and salute the martyrs who died fighting for a free India. Therefore, we must acknowledge our freedom. After all, a new and free India was born this day!
Independence Day Essay in English – 500 Words
India is a land full of diversity. People belonging to different religions and cultures unite here. India is one of the fastest-growing democracies in today’s world. However, all of this is possible because India is now an independent nation. For decades, the British officials tortured our citizens.
Our ancestors had to fight a long and tiresome battle for our freedom. Their courage and determination finally set India free on the 15th of August, 1947. This day is quite important to all of us and is celebrated as Independence Day.
Why do we celebrate Independence Day?
The 15th of August is a national holiday for all the citizens of India. We celebrate this day to pay our respects and remember our great leaders. It is because of these brave freedom fighters India was able to free itself from Great Britain. We commemorate leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, and many others on the Independence Day occasion.
Independence Day marked the rise of a new and free India. Post-Independence, Jawaharlal Nehru became the first prime minister of our country. 15th August 1947 witnessed a new beginning. Nehru Ji spoke to the masses after he raised our National Flag at the Lahore Gate of the Red Fort.
His speech which included the “Tryst with destiny” inspired a lot of people. He mentioned that the long years of slavery had come to an end. And he addressed the public to take a pledge to build a stronger India. Since then, this day is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm and vigour.
Activities of the Independence Day
Every Indian feels patriotism for his/her motherland on this day. Different people celebrate the spirit of freedom in different ways. A week before Independence Day, all the markets are flooded with tricolour flags.
The three colours saffron, white and green symbolises the colours of the Indian flag. The shops are packed with various items based on the tricolour theme.
Every part of India celebrates this national occasion. Schools and colleges are no exceptions to it. Many National flags are hoisted on this day in different locations. Though it is a governmental holiday, celebrations continue in these institutions. Even corporate offices show their respect in this big Indian spree.
At the Red Fort, New Delhi, the celebration starts with the Prime Minister’s speech. This is followed by the flag hoisting and singing of our national anthem. Cultural programs are quite commonly organized too. Governmental buildings are lit up with colourful lights.
People in many regions of India also indulge in kite flying. Beautiful kites of all shapes, sizes, and colours fly high in the sky. Community gatherings are also arranged. Children participate in patriotic songs, dance, and drama competitions. Neighbours greeting each other and the distribution of sweets are some other common sights.
This day holds a special place in Indian history. Independence Day must always remain part of our tradition and beliefs. It is a constant reminder of the integrity and sovereignty of our nation. We should all feel proud we live in a country that values its past, present, and future equally. And we must promise to keep our faith and devotion alive for India.
Independence Day Essay
The government of the UK passed the Indian Independence Act on 15th August 1947. This act thereby granted supremacy to the Indian Constituent Assembly. The never-ending struggle for independence finally came to an end. And overnight India was freed from the leashes of the British rule.
In 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru (the then Prime Minister of India) raised our National Flag, above the Lahore Gate of Red Fort in Delhi. Thereon, Indian Independence is commemorated and celebrated every year on this day.
Events leading up to our Independence
1946 was a rather crucial year in the history of India. British Empire suffered huge losses post World War II. This made them realize that they didn’t have any more resources or international support to control India. Besides, India was becoming more and more relentless for its freedom.
The Prime Minister of Britain, Clement Attlee considered these matters. And he declared that India would be granted self-governance by 1948. However, Lord Mountbatten (the new viceroy) moved up the date of Indian Independence.
The Constituent Assembly of India met for its fifth session on 14th August in New Delhi. The session was chaired by Rajendra Prasad (the then president of the assembly). In this session, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru delivered the Tryst with Destiny speech proclaiming India’s independence. This speech which made its mark in history inspired millions of people.
India finally was reborn as a free country since 15th August 1947. Official ceremonies took place in New Delhi to begin the county’s rule as an independent nation. Nehru was our first prime minister while Lord Mountbatten continued as the first governor-general of India.
Mahatma Gandhi, however, restrained from taking any part in these political events. Instead, he conducted a 24-hour fast on that same day. During this fasting session, Gandhi addressed a crowd in Calcutta. He spoke about communal harmony and religious tolerance throughout the nation. He also encouraged peace between the Hindu and Muslim communities.
Celebration of Independence Day
Independence Day in India is celebrated as one of the three national holidays. Nationwide, flags are hoisted, and various cultural events are conducted. The citizens of India celebrate one more year of freedom and sovereignty.
The Prime Minister unwinds the Indian flag at the historical site of Red Fort in Delhi. Twenty-one gunshots are fired in honour of the occasion. Together we remember the patriots who sacrificed their lives for liberating India.
The Prime Minister’s speech highlights the past year’s achievements. He also addresses other important issues aiming towards the progress and development of our nation. The Prime Minister pays tribute to the freedom fighters, the civilians and soldiers who died during the independence movement.
Then Indian national anthem, “Jana Gana Mana”, is sung in unison. The speech is followed by the classic march past. Various divisions of the Indian Armed Forces and paramilitary forces take part in it. In the states, similar events are led by the Chief Ministers.
Highlights of the 73rd Independence Day Celebrations
2019 commemorated the 73rd Independence Day in India. This year too, the celebrations were remarkable. There were various special highlights of the celebration, which made it a memorable event. Below we have listed down a few of them.
- On this auspicious occasion, the Panchayat Heads of BJP in Jammu and Kashmir hoisted the Tricoloured flag in their houses. This was the first-ever Independence Day celebration of Jammu and Kashmir after the revoking of article 370.
- On 11th August 2019, Chhattisgarh set a new world record by unfurling the world’s longest Tri-Colour flag. This 15 km long flag was carried by thousands of people in Raipur.
- President Ramnath Kovind and three service chiefs paid tribute to the war heroes at National War Memorial.
- Pranab Mukherjee (Former President of India), Nanaji Deshmukh (social activist), and Bhupen Hazarika (singer, posthumously) were felicitated with the Bharat Ratna award.
- Mahendra Singh Dhoni unfurled Indian Nation Flag in Leh on this day. He officially took his retirement from International Cricket to serve as a colonel in the Indian Army in Ladakh.
- Wing-commander Abhinandan Varthaman was awarded Veer Chakra for his brilliant display of courage.
- The Government honoured 5 brave Indian pilots involved in the Balakot airstrike. Their names are Amit Ranjan (wing commander), Rahul Basoya (Squadron leader), Pankaj Bhujde, B.K.N. Reddy, and Shashank Singh.
- President of Russia, Vladimir Putin congratulated President Kovind and Prime Minister Modi on Independence Day.
- Prime Minister indicated the creation of a post of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). The CDS would head all the three defence forces of India.
- The Prime Minister also announced in his speech “Jal-Jeevan Mission” – an approximately 3.5 lakh Crores project to provide clean drinking water to every household.
- Prime Minister also announced an investment of Rs. 100 Trillion for infrastructure development in rural India.
- 132 personnel of Armed Forces and Paramilitary Forces were granted with various gallantry awards on the Independence Day.
- Twitter launched an emoji of Ashok Chakra celebrating the 73rd Independence Day of India.
Celebrations also took place in various schools, offices, and universities. Employees and students hoisted the national flag, sang the national anthem, and conducted various enjoyable cultural events.
India is a place where people belonging to different religions, cultures, and societies live together. The event of Independence Day is enjoyed with a lot of pride and enthusiasm. It means a lot to all of us. It guides us towards becoming stronger individuals. Therefore, we must cherish this day. And we must put extra efforts to bring prosperity to our country.