What is the full form of IPS?
The Indian Police Service (IPS) or Bhartiya Police Seva is a policing service on all India level. Just a year after India gained independence from British in 1948, it has replaced the imperial police service. In the three services of All India Service including Indian Administrative service (IAS) and Indian Forest Service (IFS), IPS is a part of same.
The cadre of IPS can be employed by both Union Government and any individual states. It is not a force in itself, but commanders to assist the state police as a staff is provided to the leader in the form of IPS and All India Central Armed Police force. The cadre that controls the functioning of IPS, is from Ministry of Home Affairs.
In Modern India the administrative service was created under Article 312 (2) in part XIV of the constitution of India. Following the same Kiran Bedi became the first female IPS officer in the year 1972. Reports of media, shows that, “India is struggling to get good IPS officers as they are only among 19% to 22% of the allocated strength”.
IPS officers are recruited from the civil service examination which is conducted by the Union public service commission externally or are promoted internally from state police services and DANIPS. Moving ahead, the external recruitment from limited competitive examinations has been hold recently.
Eligibilities for IPS are very particular in no. of aspects, these comprise from Height, weight, chest and much more as mentioned below –
- Height – Minimum Height for Men’s is 165 cm in which relaxation is given to the SC/ST candidates and is expected to be of minimum height 160 cm. For Women the expected minimum height is 150 cm and for SC/ST candidates 145 cm. Similar exemption as SC/ST candidate is also given to those from the races of Gorkhas, Garwahlis, Assamese, Nagaland Tribals and Kumaonis, etc.
- Chest Girth – For men its 84 cm and for women its 79 cm.
- Myopia (including cylinder) – It should not exceed minus 4.00 D.
- Hypermyopia (including cylinder)– It should not exceed plus 4.00 D
In eye sight presence of squint is a matter of disqualification, but spectacles are permitted. Distant vision for better eye or a corrected vision of 6/6 or 6/9 is expected. However distant vision for the worse eye or uncorrected vision includes 6/12 or 6/9. Near vision comprising all the above should be J1 or J2, respectively. High grade of color vision and binocular vision is required.
Eligibility of Nationality
A candidate must belong from either of the following –
- Citizen of India
- Citizen of Bhutan
- Citizen of Nepal
- Migrant from any of the following countries with an aim to permanently settle down in India – Malawi, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Burma, East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, Republic of Tanzania, Zaire, Ethiopia, and Vietnam.
- A Tibetan Refugee who migrated to India before the date of January 1, 1962 for settling permanently in India.
Educational Eligibility Criteria
The applicant must have a graduate degree from any of the recognised universities recognised by UGC or equivalent qualification.
Limit of Age
Candidate should fulfil minimum criteria as mentioned below-
- Minimum age of 21 years.
- Maximum age of 32 years as on August 1 in the year of taking the examination.
Relaxation of the age is also given as per the caste and special case if any
- Up to maximum 3 years of age for OBC aspirants
- Up to maximum 5 years for SC/ST aspirants
- Up to maximum 5 years for Defense services personnel
- Up to maximum 5 years for an aspirant from the State of Jammu and Kashmir
- Up to maximum 5 years for Ex-service man excluding commissioned officers and SSCOs/ECOs who have rendered at least 5 years Military service and have been released as of now
- Up to maximum 5 years for ECOs/SSCOs candidates who have completed their starting phase in assignment of 5 years with Military Services.
- Up to maximum of 10 years for orthopedically handicapped, deaf, mute and blind candidate.
Number of attempts
As per the effectiveness since 1984 there have been some restrictions on the number of attempts irrespective of the age limit not yet crossed, these are as follows –
- For General category candidates – 7 attempts before 32 years of age
- For SC/ST candidates – No limit till 37 years of age
- For OBC candidates – 9 attempts till 35 years of age
- For physically handicapped candidates – 9 attempts for general and OBC, however no limit for SC/ST candidate
Essentials for becoming an IPS officer
To become an IPS officer and achieve one of the most respectable posts in Indian Government one has to appear and qualify Indian Civil service examinations.
As, discussed above the exam can be taken by an aspirant who are graduate in any discipline, thus if you are interested in a becoming an IPS officer study those subjects that interests you the most in class 11th and 12th and then in graduation.
By this you will not only enjoy learning, but will also boost your base and hand holding on the subjects for appearing in exam. Remember to be very objective, contextual and logical in your preparation as only the IPS examination is highly competitive selecting only creamy 800 candidates out of nearly 5 lakhs aspirants taking exam every year.
What might be allotted?
As an IPS officer, you might be allotted either in the state police department or in the central police department. In the state level, one may aspire from Assistant Commissioner to Deputy Commissioner, to additional commissioner to Joint Commissioner to Special Commissioner.
However, in the central, you may aspire to rise from Additional Superintendent to Superintendent, Senior Superintendent, Deputy Inspector General, Inspector General, and additional Director general to director general.
The darker side
Being one of the prestigious designations in India, the aspirant should not join with an aim to get a fully furnished, well maintained and air conditioned office; rather you will be getting a merely distempered police station with very normal furniture’s in it. Also, being in a leading profile an IPS officer has to handle a team of policemen, and serving the nation for some betterment.
Roles and Responsibilities of IPS officer
- To promote security by exchanging information’s’ with the Indian Intelligence agencies like R&AW, CBI, CID, IB
- Serve people of the nation with full dedication, commitment and bravery
- Leading and dealing with Central Armed Police Force(CRPF) and interact with them for day to day surveillance
- Fulfil responsibilities and duties for border integrity, to maintain public peace and order, prevent crime, collect intelligence report, patrolling on border, policing on railway, taking care of VIP security, act proactively for counter terrorism, drug trafficking, controlling smuggling, be a part of disaster management, enroll into socio-economic legislation.
- Coordinate, update and plan with the Indian Revenue services (IRS), Indian Armed Forces, primarily for the assistance of the Indian Army.
Essentials for preparation
Aspirant should prepare mentally and psychologically as well before getting on role to such an important designation. One should be brave, hard hearted, practical, and firmly determined for owning a post of IPS. All the best!!!