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Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of India. He was a lover of children, that why children call him “Chacha Nehru”. On 14th November, on his birthday, children’s day is celebrated every year. He was a great leader and always worked to serve India.
Jawaharlal Nehru’s Early Life
On 14th November 1889, Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allahabad. Motilal Nehru was his father. He was an Indian lawyer, and politician serving the Indian National Congress from 1919–1920 and 1928–1929. Being a member of Nehru’s family, he was prosperous and gave the best education in his son- Jawarharlal Nehru.
Swaruprani Thussu (1868–1938) was the mother of Jawaharlal Nehru. She was from a reputed Kashmiri Brahmin family settled in Lahore. She was the second wife of Motilal Nehru as his first wife was dead during the childbirth. She played a remarkable role in India’s freedom movement from 1920-1930. She acted as an advocate of civil disobedience, and she was against the British Raj and its salt laws.
Jawaharlal Nehru had two siblings, and he was the eldest of his two sisters. One of the sisters named Vijaya Lakshmi became the first female president of the United Nations General Assembly. And the second one- Krishna Hutheesing was an author who also wrote books on her brother. Moreover, Nehru Ji wrote two famous books named ‘Glimpses of World History’ and ‘Discovery of India’.
At an early age, Motilal Nehru sent his son abroad for studies. Jawaharlal Nehru was intended to study law, even though he had no interested. He studied in Harrow and Cambridge universities in England. He completed his education in the year 1910. Once he became a lawyer, he got practised law in Allahabad High Court.
The fact, he didn’t have interested in law, he always wanted to be a politician. During his teenage years, he became a famous politics. In the 1920’s, he became the part of Indian National Congress. As Congress President in 1929, Nehru referred to as for complete independence from the British Raj and encouraged the Indian Congress’s decisive shift closer towards the left.
About his Marriage
At the age of 24 (18-02-1916), Jawaharlal Nehru got married to Smt. Kamla Devi. They had blessed only with a daughter in the year 1917, who was named Indira Priyadarshini. Like her father, Indira Priyadarshini also served the Indian congress under her married name- Indira Gandhi.
Nehru Ji pinned a fresh red rose to his coat daily to remember his wife, who died in 1938 because of diagnosed with tuberculosis.
Jawaharlal Nehru as a Leader
Jawaharlal Nehru was a man of great vision. He was a great politician, and writer too. Due to his honesty and pure love for his India, he was selected as the first prime minister of India – Jawaharlal Nehru. He worked day and night to make India got freedom and developed. The best slogan sung by him is: ‘Araam Haram Hai’.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a man of peace, affection, and optimistic. He shook hand with the father of Nation – Mahatma Gandhi to make the India free from the British. He also joined the Non-Cooperation movement that was started by Mahatma Gandhi.
In the year 1919, while Nehru was in the train, he heard about the news of General Reginald Dyer (who was a British Brigadier) gloating over the Jallianwala Bagh massacre known as the Massacre of Amritsar. In that time, 379 people were killed, and around 1200 got injured when British stationed there consecutively for 10 minutes on a big gathered crowd. Upon knowing the words of Dyer’s, Pandit Nehru Ji vowed to fight the British.
Nehru Ji also joined the Indian National Congress at that time and also, one of India’s two political parties. To make the country free from the British, he faced many challenges. Even, he went to Jail many times. He fought very hard to make India won for freedom. His appreciation was adequate to make our country got independence on 15th August 1947.
Achievements as a Prime Minister
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a broad-minded man. He was awarded 14 times for Noble Piece Price. He always wished to make India a civilised and modern country. Mahatma Gandhi always wanted an ancient India while Nehru ji’s wanted a modern India. He should still be wanted his country progressed despite different cultural and religious.
Most importantly, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru appreciated a lot to Hindu culture. He changed the laws used on windows and started giving the same right to the window women.
Besides, he was also contributed a lot for solving out the disputes that had arisen in the Kashmir region. He was born to serve his country only. His sincerity, integrity, patriotism, and vision for India are unmatchable.
Famous thoughts are written by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
- “The person who talks most of his own virtue is often the least virtuous”
- “We live in a wonderful world that is full of beauty, charm and adventure”
- “Failure comes only when we forget our ideals and objectives and principles”
- “You don’t change the course of history by turning the faces of portraits to the wall.”
- “It is only too easy to make suggestions and later try to escape the consequences of what we say.”
Death of Jawaharlal Nehru
Nehru loves children more than anything. Still, children remember him as a Chacha Nehru and celebrated his birthday on 14th November every year blissfully. On children’s day, his life is depicted in front of children through lectures and acts. However, this precious person for children died on 27th May 1964 as of heart attack in New Delhi.
He held the same presidency position during his death. He deployed socialist economic reforms and also committed India to move confidently. He was also served as foreign minister of India.
His death was a significant loss of our nation and Indian Congress. The country had lost a great leader where the loss was unrepairable. This great leader is still remembered for his honesty, sincerity, and bravery in India and internationally as well.