500+ Words Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Father of the Nation
Mahatma Gandhi was a man of power, honesty, sacrifices, and simplicity. He was a patriotic personality. His life was unbelievable. He never liked others’ appreciation. His efforts to protect India are unparalleled. Only with his efforts, the British left India in 1947. This essay on Mahatma Gandhi will tell you about his legacy and contribution to India.
Mohandas Gandhi is another name of Mahatma Gandhi. Even he is also famous as ‘Father of Nation.’ He was born on 2nd October in the year 1869 in the state of Porbandar, Gujarat. He was the youngest among the three sons of Karamchand Gandhi.
Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi were his parents. His mother was the fourth wife of his father, Karamchand Gandhi. His father became the prime minister of states like Rajkot, Vankaner, and Porbandar. His parents have three sons.
When Mahatma Gandhi became 13 in age, he got married to Kasturba Makhanji. After his marriage, he completed his education. Then, he went to London to pursue a degree in law. After this, he practiced as a lawyer. He also started to read the scriptures of Bhagavad Gita that had an immense influence on his life.
During his childhood, he was massively influenced by the tales of Harischandra and Shravana that taught him about the significance of affection and truth. Moreover, his parents raise him as a vegetarian; however, during his stay in London, he started eating meat.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Visit to South Africa
Once Gandhi Ji came back to India after finishing his study in law, he started finding a job as a lawyer. He had to do a lot of struggle to find the right job. Lastly, he got an invitation from South Africa by a wealthy merchant to work as a lawyer. That proposal was a turning point in his life.
During his job in South Africa, he witnessed racial discrimination. Once he faced several humiliations, he decided to raise his voice. Then, he became an activist to find cases in favor of Indians. At that time, he also established the Natal Indian Congress in 1894. Besides, he was also influenced by Satyagraha, which means the devotion of truth. Even, he started non-violent protests in 1906. Also, he stood for civil rights in favor of South Africa.
Movements started by Mahatma Gandhi in favour of India
This movement was run from 1919-1924. It was a revolt by the nationalists and the Indian Muslims. This movement was started to pressure the British Government to preserve the authority of the Ottoman Sultan as the Islamic Caliph.
The leadership of this movement comprised Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali, who had been newspaper editors in Delhi in those days. Maulana Mahmud ul-Hasan, Abdul Kalam Azad, Maulana Abdul Bari were also some of the leaders of this movement.
During this movement, Mahatma Gandhi even got the support of the Muslims to fight against the British to make Indian independence. This movement was crucial as it reflected Hindu-Muslim cooperation. Finally, in the year 1921, this movement was suppressed by the British Government.
To provide the Indian a self-government, Mahatma Gandhi took a step where he organized a non-cooperation movement from 1920-1922. This non-violent movement was also known as Swaraj.
The commencement of this non-cooperation movement was the outcry over the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre in the year 1919. In Jallianwalla Bagh (in Amritsar, Punjab), the British government had killed hundreds of Indians who were gathered for peaceful assembly in a lawn.
The complete garden becomes a ground of cruel massacre. General Dyer, who was responsible for that act, was not taken to task. Being a part of this movement, Indians boycott the Indian government and also refuses to pay taxes.
When the British government in India started levying excess taxes or excise duty on salt, then the Mahatma Gandhi began to historic Salt Satyagraha to break this law. For this, Gandhi Ji marched to the coastal village of Dandi to break the salt law. During his march, he used to visit different communities to teach about the need for social reforms. This march was last long for 24 days.
After viewing this, the British government arrested the people from Indian National Congress who were involved in this march. When the government got pressurized for the arrests as of several outbreaks of civil disobedience, then they released the arrested leaders.
Quit India Movement
Bharat Chodo Andolon is another name of the Quit India Movement that was launched on 8th August 1942 by the All India Congress Committee. As the name suggests, this movement was started to end up the British rule from India.
Mahatma Gandhi started this movement at Gowalia Tank Maidan, where he taught the Indians to “Do or Die.” Even those leaders who got arrested during this movement which took a step back. The protest was a mix of violent and non-violent demonstrations. The fact is, the British did not want to leave India in pressure or with this movement. Before leaving, they wanted the war only. Finally, in 1945, the British revealed that they would send a planned withdrawal from the country.
Mahatma Gandhi was not in favor of dividing India. But he was agreed to keep harmony. Moreover, Gandhi Ji initiated his fast to make sure of the harmony between the two countries. Besides, Pakistan was granted with payment according to the Partition Council agreement.
Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
On 30th January 1948, with the bullets of Nathuram Godse, Mahatma Gandhi succumbed. Nathuram Godse was from the group of Hindu radicals who trusted that India became weakened as of the partition payment made to Pakistan.
Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi
Not even for Indians, Mahatma Gandhi was also inspired by international leaders worldwide. James Lawson, James Beve, and Martin Luther King are the names of famous leaders who got highly encouraged with the struggle of Mahatma Gandhi. Besides, Nelson Mandela is a renowned international leader who also got inspired by his struggle and teaching. Furthermore, Lanza Del Vasto came to India to live with Mahatma Gandhi.
Not only in India, but internationally, Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader. He was honoured by the United Nations as well. In the UN, his birthday has been marked as “The International Day of Non-Violence”.
Besides, in other countries worldwide, 30th January is celebrated as School Day of Non-violence and Peace.
The entire life of Mahatma Gandhi belonged to truthiness, vegetarianism, simplicity, non-violence, and faith in God. During his life, he had been an inspiration to many national and international leaders. He trusted in truth and never took the assistance of fakeness or lie to accomplish their tasks.
In India, a public holiday is declared on 2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti) to honour him. Also, to mark his sacrifice for his nation, his image has engraved on the Indian currency notes.