Essay on Marriage: A beautiful social relationship that is an institution in itself is called marriage. It is the basic supportive relationship that leads to the growth and development of human civilization. Marriages create families, which are essential for the expansion of societies. Prescribed by certain procedures, customs, and laws, a marriage includes men’s and women’s rights and duties.
Essay on Marriage
Below we have provided Marriage Essay in English, suitable for classes 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10. This essay on marriage is helpful for students who are preparing for the essay writing competition.
“Happiness is only real when shared.”- Jon Krakauer.
Marriage, also known as wedlock and matrimony, is a relationship between two people that creates certain rights and obligations. The persons involved in a marriage with each other are known as spouses. When people marry, they create a special bond between themselves, their in-laws, and their future children. People marry for several reasons, including social obligations, personal desires, financial security, religious purposes, emotional stability, etc.
In many traditions and cultures, child marriage practices, polygamy, and forced marriage still exist, whereas many have outlawed them and declared them illegal. Since the start of the late twentieth century, significant changes can be witnessed in terms of marriages. For example, people now marry at later ages, fewer marriages are happening around the world than before, and more people like to stay in a live-in relationship before committing to each other for a lifetime. Historically, in many cultures, women had no rights after marriage. They could not own property. All the husband’s estate after his death belonged to their children.
Types of Marriages
- Monogamy marriage is one where a person has only one partner and is committed to only that person throughout their lifetime.
- Polygamy is a form of marriage in which a husband holds more than one wife. A bond exists between the husband and each of his wives, but no such bond exists between the wives, among themselves.
- A marriage in which a woman has more than one husband is known as polyandry.
- Group marriage is one where there are multiple wives and husbands.
- Child marriage is the marriage of girls or boys before they attain the age of 18. In previous times, marriages were fixed by families of the future bride and groom. At times, they were declared as soon as a girl was born.
- Same-sex marriage is also known as gay marriage. It is the matrimonial alliance between two people of the same sex or gender. It started getting legalised in countries in the 21st century. Currently, 28 countries, including Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Spain, have legalised same-sex marriage.
- Endogamy is the marriage of persons in their own caste, village, gotra, tribe, etc.
- Exogamy is the complete opposite of endogamy. It is the marriage of persons outside their own caste, community, race, etc.
Laws Governing Marriage in India
There are laws related to the validity of a marriage, succession, child adoption, extramarital affairs, inheritance, dissolution of marriage, etc. The legal age for marriage in India is 18 years for girls and 21 years for boys. Married couples are eligible to adopt a child if they have a monthly income of at least rupees 3000, and both should be of sound mind. Adoption of a child can be done only after the consent of both spouses.
In the case of adopting a son, the father’s age should be at least 21 years more than the son’s present age, and in the case of a daughter, the mother’s age should be minimum of 21 years more than the daughter’s. The law does not promote the practice of having extramarital affairs. It acts as a ground for filing a divorce and also leads to mental trauma and stress. Divorce can be filed by any spouse when the other is found cheating, becomes of unsound mind, inflicts physical or mental abuse and gets addicted to drugs and alcohol.