Essay on Natural Resources: Mother Nature has given us many wonderful gifts that help us survive and live one life in a prosperous way. One of these gifts is a natural resource. These resources can be both renewable and non-renewable. Consuming natural resources beyond a certain limit leads to depletion. We need to focus on recycling, reusing and limiting excessive usage of certain resources for sustained development. Conservation of natural resources for future generations is the need of the hour. Below we have provided Natural Resources Essay for class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 students, written in easy and simple words.
Essay on Natural Resources
Mother Earth hosts our existence and survival and is a giver of numerous things and elements. In return, it is just pleading humankind to stop causing destruction and start respecting and preserving what they have left of it. One of the boons we have received from it is ‘Natural Resources’. These are earth materials used to support life, including oil, coal, natural gas, metals, stone, air, sunlight, soil, water, forests, minerals, etc.
They are both biotic and abiotic and are essential for civilization. Not all are available in abundance because some will get extinct if not used judiciously. With the increasing rate of population, these resources are declining, and the measures to prevent them are growing exponentially.
Types of Natural Resources
Natural Resources are broadly classified into renewable and non-renewable resources. The former can be regenerated while the latter is extinctive.
Renewable Natural Resources
Renewable resources are the ones that can grow again and never exhaust. For example, tress grows again even if they are cut, and animals reproduce. Sunlight and air are plenty, and trees at the top provide life-supporting gas called oxygen vital for breathing. Without it, no living creature will survive. Water is the second essential resource potentially used in generating power, agriculture, construction, and households. It is found in oceans, rivers, ponds, lakes and seas. Earth consists of 71% of water, but only some are used as other water bodies are unfit for consumption, even groundwater, wells, dams, and trenches are water sources.
Non-Renewable Natural Resources
These resources are irreplaceable and are depleting at a faster pace due to overconsumption. Most fossil fuels, minerals and metal ores are examples of non-renewable resources. Fossil fuels like oil, coal and petroleum are used in vehicles, aircraft, railways and other forms of transportation. Iron is a good conductor and therefore used in making steel, pipes, electrical wiring, tools, door handles, pots and pans, etc. Coal is used in making dyes, oils, waxes, pharmaceuticals and pesticides. It is an energy source that takes millions of years to configure.
Conservation of Natural Resources
Follow the mechanism of four R’s-Refuse, Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Refuse to buy the products which cause harm to the resources. Reduce the use of chronic materials—reuse items as and when required to avoid unnecessary surplus. Lastly, recycle the existing things into creative stuff to reduce the demand for redundant goods.
Use electricity cautiously as resources like water, coal and natural gas is used to produce it. Switching off fans, lights, and other electrical gadgets when not necessary. Use energy-efficient appliances to save power. Substitute plastic with environmentally friendly products. Instead of plastic spoons, plates or bags, use paper bags, leaf plates and wooden spoons. Keep away from plastic straws and use metal ones. Owe fuel-efficient vehicles. Bicycling, walking, using public transport and car-pooling are the best replacements. Driving less will also reduce air pollution.
India’s primary occupation is agriculture, and its economy mainly depends upon agro-based industries. Sustainable agriculture is the solution to maintain balance as it encourages organic farming and abstains from using harmful chemicals and pesticides for crops. Rainwater harvesting is the best course of action to save water for future use as it recollects rainwater from roofs and stores it underground.
Earth has provided us with the gift of these natural resources. We must conserve them to ensure the existence of every being and maintain stability in the ecosystem. If these resources exhaust, then no longer a day will arrive where we will have to start looking for another planet for continuation, which is complicated given the conditions required for survival as they are unavailable on other planets. Living sustainably and valuing these resources will help us build our future in a better way, and future generations will be obliged to safeguard them. Earth will remain green only with our vigorous efforts and determination.