500+ Words Essay on Noise Pollution
Noise pollution, commonly known as Sound pollution or Environmental noise, is one of the widespread forms of pollution in this world. This kind of pollution involves the circulation of noise to an extent which is harmful to both humans and animals.
Noise pollution takes place when the sound level increases far beyond its normal range. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), any sound higher than 70 decibels is considered to be hazardous and can cause ill effects to living organisms.
It is a physical form of pollution that does not have any direct effect on the land, air, or any other elements of the environment. However, it takes a huge toll on our livelihood. It directly affects the entire population of living beings, thus creating disturbances and an imbalance in our day to day activities.
Noise pollution has an adverse effect on the lives of people living in urban areas. Recent statistics have made it clear that Noise Pollution has now created medical troubles for the inhabitants of these urban cities. One striking example is the capital of India, New Delhi, where the effects are far more rampant and disturbing than other areas.
This propagation of noise has become severe with changing times and is increasing all the more. Starting from the honking of vehicles, to the excessive noise produced by the machineries in a nearby work-space, these sounds not only irritate us but also are capable of harming us physically. It is important to understand the adverse effects and what causes this issue to come up with the necessary solutions.
Causes of Noise Pollution
Transportation – Some of the major sources of Noise/Sound Pollution involve man-made entities. The noise produced by motor vehicles and various other modes of transportation forms a huge part of it. With the growing population, there is a huge increase in the number of vehicles, and unnecessary honking has contributed heavily to the increase in the levels of noise. The large amount of sound produced by airplanes flying above our homes or the underground trains makes it difficult for people to live and sustain in a healthy environment.
Industrialization – Another outcome of urbanization is the growing industrial sector, which is the second major cause of Noise pollution. With the industrial revolution, the manufacturing sector keeps on expanding, and with it grows the loudness. Heavy machines, Printing presses, factory inventories, grinding mills, exhaust fans are all largely involved in this. This is why workers who indulge in these sectors are always seen wearing earplugs to avoid serious health injuries.
Poor Planning – Mostly in all developing nations, people move towards urban areas to make a livelihood. But poor urban planning can lead to a lot of issues. Large families living in congested households are subjected to a lot of fights which itself is very disturbing for the society.
Construction Sector – In every part of the world, construction activities play a vital role. Mining activities and construction of bridges, dams, flyovers, roads, stations, etc. are necessary in order to lessen traffic congestion and will keep on happening because of it the need of the hour. The equipment which is used in these activities causes too much noise.
Household Activities – We are surrounded by gadgets, and we use them every day. TV, Vacuum cleaners, washing machines, mixer grinders, air conditioners, dryers are some of the things which contribute to this noise pollution.
Social Gatherings – Loud noise is a common scene in all kinds of social gatherings. Parties, discos, pubs, marriage functions, places of worship, and market places all have two things in common-loud speakers and a huge crowd of people. Starting from songs played in the highest of volumes in a local function to the loud voices of the vendors in the flea markets trying to attract crowd, noise pollution in public places is quite high.
Harmful Effects of Noise Pollution
- Our hearing ability gets affected by noise pollution. Constant exposure to loud noises can be disastrous to our eardrums and can lead to loss of hearing.
- Workers of industrial sectors often are subjected to health issues like extreme stress, hypertension, fatigue, sleeplessness, and various other psychological diseases.
- Loud noises can increase blood pressure, which can lead to several heart-related diseases.
- Sleeping disorders like insomnia hamper our well being and performance in the professional sectors of life.
- Frequent communication barriers occur due to loud noises, which create a lot of misunderstandings between people.
- Noise pollution also affects wildlife. Animals behave differently when they are subjected to loud noises. Some suffer hearing losses, which makes them vulnerable as prey and leads to their diminishing population. Pets are seen to act aggressively or get anxious and fear loud noise, and this is why we should avoid using crackers when they are around.
- Plants and old buildings are also affected by noise pollution.
The health hazards of noise pollution are many, and it should be our responsibility to prevent any further degradation of our environment due to it. Higher levels of noise have caused a lot of concern. Understanding the causes, its effects, and creating useful strategies are the means one can reduce noise pollution.
Awareness is one of the best ways to tackle this problem of noise pollution. People must be encouraged not to use means which contribute to loud noises and govern means to control it.
Noise pollution is certainly a challenge for our nation. The Supreme Court of India has come up with a set of rules to tackle this problem. One of those includes not allowing the use of loudspeakers for playing music after 10 pm.
We should be mindful of our actions, which could ultimately increase the sound pollution. We should avoid unnecessary honking while driving, switch off our loud appliances when they are not in use, listen to music under the prescribed decibel levels, and so on. If all of us start putting effort, then this concern will be solved to some extent.