Paragraph on Cow – 150 Words
Cows are milk-producing domestic animals. They are social and mild in nature. They walk on four legs and have two horns and a tail. In some cases, cows are hornless as well. Baby cows are known as calves. Not all cows have the same colour. Some are black, some red and some are white, with black spots on them. Cows provide us with milk. Without milk, we wouldn’t have dairy products like ghee, cheese and butter.
In addition to that, the hide of cows is used to make belts. Cows’ skin is also used to make things like bags, combs and shoes. Cows are herbivores, and they usually feed on grass. Cow dung is extremely useful for agricultural purposes. Cows also graze on fields of farmers and get rid of unwanted plants or weed. Cows are the most beneficial animals to man, and without them, man will be deprived of a lot of nutritious and useful items.
Paragraph on Cow – 300 Words
Cows are agricultural animals that are very useful to man. It can be said that cows are the most valuable animals. Cows have two horns, four legs, one tail, and are very social in nature. Cows come in different colours like red, white, and black. Their skin is soft. There are twenty-seven breeds of cows in India. Cows are used for agricultural and domestic purposes as well as kept as house pets (mainly for obtaining milk).
Human beings benefit a lot from cows-
- Milk from cows is rich in protein and is used to produce by-products like ghee, butter, and cheese.
- Cow dung is used as manure which escalates the growth of crops.
- Cow fat is used in the production of day to day things like crayons, paints, rubber, soaps, and lipsticks.
- Leather is obtained from cowhide which is used for making bags, shoes, clothes, car seats and other furniture.
- Cows’ urine acts as a pesticide.
- Cows also remove weeds and unwanted plants from the field.
Cows are considered sacred by Hindus. They often call them ‘Gau Mata’. Hindu mythology depicts Lord Shiva riding on his bull-Nandi. Modern cow protection groups known as ‘Gau Rakshaks’ (Protectors of the cow) have popped up, who have taken upon themselves to prevent the untimely and unnecessary slaughter of cows. Actions are being taken to rescue the large number of stray cows roaming in the streets of India.
Cows are like mothers looking after people by providing them with the nutrition they need, and the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals of 2017 has ruled in favour of cows rendering a considerable decline in sales of cow meat and skin impacting various families and businesses all across India.
Paragraph on Cow – 500 Words
Cows, also known as ruminants, are four-legged terrestrial animals. They have two horns, one long tail, and their soft skin may be with or without fur. They are mammals and give birth to calves. Cows are often referred to as ‘mother’ as they provide human beings with irreplaceable commodities.
Types of Cows
Cows can be distinguished into cattle cows (used for breeding and agricultural purposes) and house cows (used for milking purposes). There are also different breeds of cows. The kinds of cows and their specifications are listed below. India boasts 27 cow breeds and seven breeds of buffaloes. Out of the 27, the most popular are Gir, Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Rathi, and Kankrej.
- Gir – Girs are highly disease-resistant animals with milk yield ranging between 1200-1800 kg per lactation. They are originally from Gir forest at South Kathiawar in Gujarat.
- Sahiwal – This breed originated from the Montgomery region which is now in Pakistan. The average milk yield varies between 1600-2750 kg. They are also called Lola and Teli.
- Red Sindhi – Also known as Sindhi and Red Karachi, this breed is found in the districts of Karachi and Hyderabad. They produce 1100-2600 kg of milk per lactation.
- Rathi – They are a cross between Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Dhanni breeds. They are most prevalent in Rajasthan. On average, they produce 1560 kg of milk.
- Kankrej – Kankrej breed is known for its efficiency, speed, and toughness. It originated from Southeast Rann of Kutch in Gujarat. They are also used in the field for carting and ploughing. They produce about 1400 kg of milk in their lactation period.
Foreign breeds: Foreign breeds like Holstein Friesian and Jersey are also popular in India.
Importance of Cows
Cows provide human beings with a lot of by-products and raw materials. Cows provide dairy products like milk which is used in the production of ghee, butter, cheese, paneer, chocolates, and cake.
Cow dung is used as manure for agricultural purposes. Cow dung mixed with mud works as an excellent waterproof layer and insulator in rural parts of India. It is also used in making paper used for commercial purposes.
Cows also provide materials for making sandpaper, lipsticks, leather, crayons and medicines for Insulin and cholesterol. In rural areas, cows are used to pull carts. Cows also eat grass and weeds from the field and thus remove unwanted plants. Cow urine acts as a useful pesticide.
Cows – Fun Facts and Biology
There is no doubt that the things cows provide us with are priceless, but it should be remembered that they are also living and breathing creatures.
- A really fascinating characteristic of cows is that their stomach is designed with four different parts. This helps in digesting the lignin and cellulose present in the plants they consume.
- Cows can hear both high and low-frequency ranges quite easily, and they have a pretty good memory as well.
- Cows have a panoramic vision, and they cannot see red and green colours. So in bullfights, bulls are actually irritated by the waving of the cloth rather than its colouring.
- Cows can smell things from more than six miles away.
- Cows can feel emotions just like human beings. A stressed cow will not milk much, but a happy and well-fed cow will efficiently produce milk.
Hindu Mythology and Cows
Hindus consider the cow to be a sacred animal and often call it ‘Gau Mata’. According to Hindu mythology, Kamadhenu, who is also known as Surabhi is the “cow of plenty” which means she gives everything that is desired by her owner. She is also portrayed as the mother of all cattle.
The cows present on earth are a direct embodiment of Kamadhenu. According to the Puranas, Lord Vishnu was associated with cows, and Lord Shiva was associated with bulls. It is said that the earth took the form of a cow and asked Lord Vishnu for protection, that is why he is also known as the protector of cows or Go-pala.
The situation of Cows in India
Even though cows are considered as one of the most useful animals, there are still plenty of strays. At present, over six million cows roam free in India, due to which traffic accidents have been on the rise. According to sources, the people who can’t look after their cows in the rural areas let them go, and they end up in the urban areas. Drivers have even lost their lives and gotten injured trying to avoid collision with stray cows.
If something is not done to ease this situation, then there will be more cows than human beings on the street. Politicians are hopeful of finding a solution to this problem. New groups in various states have also been formed for the protection of cows. Cows are essential and unique animals that must be protected and looked after. After all, they are the ones for who people get proper nutrition and grow up to be healthy.