Short Paragraph on Environment – 150 Words
The environment is where we live. It is the actual world that surrounds us. The living and the non-living together constitute the environment. Environment makes life possible on earth. It provides the means for existence. However, living beings do not appreciate the environment well enough. Environmental health is on a rapid decline. What started with using natural resources like wood, fossil fuels, water in a balanced manner, has gotten so out of hand that natural resources are at the brink of vanishing forever.
Pollution caused by man is the most significant reason for the degradation of the environment. Water, land, soil, and noise pollution are toxic to the environment. Throwing out garbage here and there, washing clothes and dishes in the pond and river water using chemical soap, causes water pollution. As a result, the creatures living in the water end up dying.
The increase in vehicles on the road causes air pollution. It causes a spike in gases like CO2 and SO2 (greenhouse gases) that cause acid rain which destroys buildings and monuments. Continuous honking on the roads by vehicles results in noise pollution. Pollution does not only affect the environment but also harms us. It affects our health and causes various cardiac and respiratory diseases. If environmental pollution is not controlled, living on earth will become tougher, and finally, it will lead to the destruction of humankind.
Paragraph on Environment – 350 Words
Everything we are surrounded by, the trees, the water, the air, the grass, the furniture in our house, makes up the environment. It is the environment which makes it possible for us to live on earth. It keeps a strict balance between the elements present on earth. However, lately, the balance is being disrupted. The natural resources are diminishing, and it is mainly due to the misuse and greed of human beings.
One of the basic requirements of existence on earth is keeping the environment clean. Not only are we failing to maintain that, but the condition of the environment is also becoming worse day by day. The pollution caused by human beings has an adverse effect on the environment. Some of the types and causes of pollution are as follows-
- Land pollution – It is caused by the improper disposal of garbage. Littering roads and streets with plastics and polythene cause land pollution.
- Water pollution – It is caused by the disposal of garbage into water bodies. Washing clothes in rivers and ponds causes chemicals of the soap to mix with the water which harms the plants and animals living in it. Deposing industrial wastes into the water also causes water pollution.
- Air pollution – The gases released by industries and vehicles, like CO2 (carbon dioxide), SO2 (sulphur dioxide), CO (carbon monoxide), are harmful to nature. They are also called greenhouse gases and cause global warming and depletion of the ozone layer.
- Noise pollution – Continuous honking by vehicles, loud music played at parties, and open-air concerts cause noise to increase more than the standard threshold of sound (>20,000 cycles per second) and cause noise pollution.
Pollution not only harms the environment but also affects us. Specific measures need to be taken to curb the toxicity caused to the environment. Plastics and papers need to be recycled and reused. More trees should be planted for purifying the air. People should carpool together instead of travelling in private cars. A fine should be issued for people who litter the streets with garbage.
If these measures are not taken, then the earth will gradually become unfit for the living. A clean and proper environment is needed for the existence of all living creatures. With the increase of environmental depletion, the government has also started taking things seriously. However, it is not enough, without the co-operation of the people, nature will continue on its path of degradation, and someday we will be wiped from existence.
Long Paragraph on Environment – 500 Words
The place where living (biotic) and non-living (abiotic) things reside together is known as the environment. The Environment is where interaction between physical, chemical, and natural resources takes place. The natural environment begins from Lithosphere in the earth’s atmosphere and continues until our surroundings. The air, the water, and even the sunlight we receive fall under natural environment.
In recent years human activities have caused various environmental hazards. Their misuse of natural resources has caused a rapid decline in the resources of nature. Environmental pollution is the most significant cause of the effect that is the degradation of nature and its resources.
Human Impact on the Environment
Before we discuss the causes of environmental pollution, we need to know how many types of pollution there are. The types of pollution are as follows:
- Land pollution
- Water pollution
- Air pollution
- Noise pollution
- Light pollution
- Radioactive pollution.
Needless to say, these are a result of human ignorance. Humans think that they own the environment, which is farthest from the truth. The environment helps in maintaining the balance between various elements of nature, and it is due to our ignorance that the balance is being disrupted. According to sources, on a global scale, the mortality rate due to pollution is 9%.
Now, coming to how these types of pollution are caused:
Land pollution is caused by consistent littering of the roads and streets. People throw garbage wherever they please. Wastes thrown into the seawater are eventually brought ashore by the waves, and the waste products accumulate over time. Toxins are released from these products, which cause land pollution.
Water pollution is caused by dumping industrial wastes into the water. The chemicals released result in the death of the creatures living in the water. Leaks from oil tanks on ships also result in water pollution.
Air pollution is caused by the release of toxic gases like CO2 (carbon dioxide), SO2 (sulphur dioxide), CO (carbon monoxide), NO2 (nitrogen dioxide) from industries and vehicles. These are also known as greenhouse gases which cause global warming and depletion of the ozone layer.
Noise pollution is caused by the increased sound (standard sound is till 20,000 cycles per second) caused by blasting music through speakers and honking of cars.
Light pollution is a result of artificial light being produced in urban areas. Cities are illuminated by lights all night. It does not just cause harm to the environment but also causes problems like sleep deprivation in people.
Radioactive pollution is caused by the release of radioactive substances by nuclear power plants. It causes a change in the DNA.
What are the preventive measures we should take?
Environmental pollution does not just affect nature but also takes a toll on us. Given below are a few methods which can be implemented to reduce pollution: –
- Reforestation: Planting more trees makes the environment greener and the air purer. Trees help in holding on to the soil and prevent drought.
- Organic pesticides: Using chemical pesticides cause harm to the soil. Not only that, but they also have ill effects on the health of the people who consume crops cultivated with chemical pesticides. Using organic pesticides helps to reduce soil pollution and also does not cause harm to the people consuming the crops.
- The three ‘R’s: The three ‘R’s stand for ‘reduce’, ‘reuse’, and ‘recycle’. People must decrease the consumption of non-biodegradable products, find a way to reuse those items or sell them to small joints that recycle materials.
- Reduction of air pollutants: Reduction in vehicles on streets can decrease the emission of harmful gases. People should be encouraged to carpool to offices and schools instead of travelling in private cars.
- Segregation of wastes: Wastes should be segregated into wet wastes and dry wastes. Segregated wastes are used for recycling, which prevents environmental pollution.
Our society needs a clean environment now more than ever. Humans should take responsibility for the harm they have inflicted upon nature. Technological advancements that are helping our generation to progress are also behind the depletion of the environment. As a result, the lives of humans are in jeopardy. If all do not implement the necessary measures, human activities will ultimately drive us towards the brink of mass extinction.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. When is the World Environment Day celebrated?
World Environment Day is celebrated on 5th June every year.
2. When did India introduce Swachh Bharat Abhiyan?
India introduced Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Campaign) on 2nd October 2014.