Hail to us, we are the second most populated country in the world! We are proud of this achievement; isn’t it? Okay we all know that we are the 2nd most populated country in the world and if we continue rising at the present rate we will soon be the world’s most populate nation crossing China by 2025.
Before getting into the minute details of the issue I am providing you with some solid figures: As per the census report of 2011 our total population is 1,21,01,93,422. But we also know that we are 7th largest in terms of area. We are rising every minute in numbers but we are constant area 32,87,263 square kilometres. Therefore the more the population the less the area to live and this further adds to poor life quality.
Population problem is not small as it seems; rather according to me it is the driving force of all other problems, namely: unemployment, poor life quality, less development and so on. The population density of India is 416 people per square kilometre which ranks 31st in the world.
We have slums like Dharavi in Mumbai which show us the clear picture of population explosion. We ourselves have created this scenario where having no kids is a bigger problem than kids forced to beg on streets. True it is: incredible India.
Despite the government’s efforts and policies we have failed miserably to tackle the problem of population boom. I would like to throw light on the fact that without general people’s consent no government can solve this problem. To know the ways of tackling this humongous problem we need to first peep into the reasons of occurrence of this.
Some of the problems are
1) Birth rate greater than death rates: technology is a great blessing to mankind but as every coin is two faced so is with technology. It has given luxuries of talking to anyone at any hour around the world but the by products are always present. Thus it is implied that with the help good medical facilities death rates our decreasing and life expectancy rates of infants is increasing.
2) No use of contraceptives: Condoms, Copper Ts are some cuss words in India. If I utter these words in a public gathering, my parents will surely disown me. Nobody wants to talk about crucial issues like safe sex, use of protective measures and contraceptives while making physical relationships.
It is humorous to learn that the nation which is timid while talking about physical intimacy is largely involved into it and contributing to large population. We are not comfortable on talking about source of our very existence. Hence, when a child asks where he came from we answer: Bhagwan ne bheja hai! That sounds cute but are we not morons to even say that? In a country like India sex education is inevitable.
3) Gender differentiation: In a country where goddesses are worshipped, birth of girl is not welcomed. No I am not talking about the situation in conservative rural households this is the case in metro cities too. Educated mothers and fathers also want a boy who would take their name forward! Ask them, can’t girls carry legacy forward.
For world we might be in the 21st century but for me we are not. We have carried long rotten ideologies so far. According to recent reports people still prefer girls over boys even in cities and when they do not see abortion as an option they prefer to have more and more kids till they give birth to a boy. They fail to realise they have added petrol to fire called population.
4) Illiteracy: Education policies prevail on paper in our country. Going to schools and good colleges does not add to our rational of right or wrong. As a democracy we have failed to actually address the illiteracy amongst people.
5) Poverty: It is the subset of illiteracy. India is a poverty stricken country. It is the unavailability of basic needs like food, shelter and clothing. A sane person will know if this is the case one should not bring more children into the world so as to leave them on signals; begging. But their mindset is constant and they believe that more children will mean more bread earners but happens opposite and these children further fall prey to poverty and get trapped in this vicious circle along with future generations.
These causes result in alarming impacts and some of which are:
1) Dwindling resources: more people means more resources but a long known saga which we all are aware of is that resources are limited but human wants are unlimited and increasing population adds to users of these resources and thus we here headlines like: FORESTS ABOUT TO BECOME EXTINCT. RIVERS ARE DRYING UP AT AN ALARMING RATE. The idea of sustainable developments remains in the treaty document in the Earth summit and is unable to reach the grass root level.
2) Unemployment: Voters shift from party to party in a hope to get employment. But every government lags behind on this parameter. No government has Harry porter’s magic wand which when waved will create thousands of job.
Companies are less in ratio of engineering institutes who produce lakh of engineers every year. How can lakh of people be placed on 10000 vacancies. The land area we possess for agriculture activities is limited and constant which cannot be given to each and every one.
3) Cost and quality of living: The rising occupiers means more demand but limited supply which is again a disruption the ratio and thus people have to pay more for less. And we say the government is a failure since it has given rise to inflation. I would like to point out that it is not the government that keeps giving birth to more and more children.
4) Environmental havoc: Major amount of resources are exploited due to large number of resources and thus causes in environmental degradation. Trust me or not the global environmental challenges we are facing today are the babies of population and they will grow more and more with further addition to population.
Talking and debating about the cause and effect relationship about population will not do any good to us. At this crucial hour we need to join hands to solve this global issue and not sit back hand on hand.
Some of the ways that can be adopted to tackle this problem according to me can be:
1) Family planning and its implementation: Government needs to work on the implementation part of family planning policies. There should be strict monitoring of the birth ratios. People should also support the government in this advent.
2) Educating and empowering girls and women: The main hurdle and stigma that is needed to conquered is the gender discrimination. We need to operate this tumour from the minds of people that a girl child is less or inferior in any way from the male child. The major weapon to win this battle is education and literacy of both women and girls so that mothers take rational decisions about family planning and girls can reach realms and climb the citadels and prove themselves.
3) No hesitation in using contraceptives: We look sideways when a condom ad is telecasted on television. Why do we fail to understand the fact that using contraceptives is far better than giving birth to unwanted kids and bear the expense of their upbringing for the lifetime.
This may sound harsh and inhuman but this better than adding to global imbalance. As every room has its own capacity to occupy crowd same is with Earth which is already overpopulated and further addition will lead suffocation and massacre. The decision is needed to be taken now!
4) Regulation of strict policies and norms: Mere formulating laws will not help. The government must cling on strict monitoring and even make room for punishments in case of violation of policies. This will create seriousness among inhabitants and they will understand the importance of the issue.
The concluding part of this article is as vital as medicine to the disease ridden patient. The earth which we call our mother is suffering from cancer called population explosion. I know we will never intend to leave our mother who is suffering from cancer. Rather we will take all possible steps to cure her ailment.
Let us pledge to dig this problem to roots and throw it away and get rid of half the global problems we face today.
We have to combat together in order to free ourselves. If we want to become one of the developed nations we first have to fight our inner battles.
Population control cannot be imposed but can be achieved through acceptance of the current population. They should be taught that a country’s goals are should be prioritised rather than individual principles. Giving birth to human race has always been a choice and not a duty. Both men and women should understand their duties as the good citizens and support their nation in all its endeavours.
Through this article I assume that I contributed my bit towards solving the problem population explosion. I now hope that this article reaches the readers with the same depth I have written it and even if 100 people bring changes after reading this then I will consider myself successful.
At the end I would like to put an end to my pen by quoting following golden words:
Take best care of the One’s we already have rather than adding more because it is easy to produce more but equally difficult to sustain.