UPSC Full Form
The UPSC or The Union Public Service Commission is better known as संघ लोक सेवा आयोग in Hindi. This central commission is the main recruiting agency responsible for recruitment and appointments of prestigious posts in India such as IAS and IPS. All the group A and group B service recruitment are done by UPSC.
The constitution of India has titled UPSE under the part XIV as Services Under the Union and States. The constitution has granted the rights to UPSC for the selection and appointment to All India Services and the services of the Union. All the matters related to promotion, appointments, transfers and other disciplinary matters are taken by UPSC itself.
The reporting authority of the UPSC is the President of India and the commission can also advise the government through him. But the advice given by UPSC to the President committee is not binding under any case.
UPSC has been given full autonomy and freedom to work with India’s election commission as well as higher judiciary. The headquarters of UPSC are in New Delhi and have its own Secretariat headed by the Chairman Mr Arvind Saxena.
UPSC was intercepted in October 1,1926 as PSC (Public Service Commission). But after India’s Independence in 1947, the commission was renamed as Union Public service Commission.
Back in 1923, A Royal Commission was set up comprising of equal number of Indian as well as British members. They submitted a report which demanded setting up of a Public Service Commission. Initially it was finalized that 40% of the people recruited will be British and 40% will be Indians and 20% of the Indians will be enrolled in PSC by promoting them from the provincial services.
So, the first Public Service Commission came into existence on October 1, 1926 which was headed by Sir Ross Barker. Later on PSC was known as Federal Public Service Commission. On 26th January , 1950, Federal Public Service Commission became UPSC and was given a constitutional status.
As per the article 320 of the constitution, the main function of the Union Public Service Commission is to conduct national level examinations for the appointments for the prestigious posts in India such as IAS, IPS and IFS. UPSC can also assist any state if required in organising and operating schemes of recruitment services.
Some more functions of UPSC are:
The UPSC shall be consulted on all the matters related to recruitment and appointments for all civil services and civil posts. The UPSC is responsible for making any transfers or promotions from one service to another. UPSC is the sole deciding authority for scrutinising the candidates as per the desired candidature.
The UPSC shall be consulted for all the disciplinary matters which fall against a civil servant which includes memorials, petitions etc. Any claims by a civil servant serving in a civil capacity which are incurred on him such as legal proceedings, pension, injuries etc are to be consulted by UPSC.
UPSC has a Secretariat to carry out all the functions and the operations. The main head is called a Secretary, followed by four additional secretaries, joint and deputy secretaries and the staff. Have a look at the functions of the secretariat.
Administration: This is an upper level division. This department administers the Secretariat and looks personally over all the members of UPSC.
Recruitment/ All India Services: The recruitment and Promotions of all IAS, IPS and IFS officers are done here.
Appointments: The promotions and appointments to central services based on the proposals from various Ministries/Departments/Union Territories/Local Bodies is done here by means of deputation and Absorption.
Examination: It sets the paper and performs the merit based selection of group A and B services.
General: This department actually deals with the day to day housekeeping activities of the commission.
Other divisions are recruitment rules, Services I and Services II.
Now let’s move on to UPSC examination….
Every year, UPSC conducts civil service examination in India which is considered as the most prestigious, keenest and arduous competitions in India. Lakhs of applicants all over the country fight for a mere 1000 seats in civil services. There are mainly three stages of this marathon which are spread throughout the year which are preliminary, mains and the personal interview.
Here is the list of services for which the applicants compete which are All India Services, Central Services or Group A services and Group B services.
All India Services
Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
Indian Police Service (IPS)
Indian Forest Service (IFS)
Central Services (Group A)
Indian Revenue Service (IRS-C&CE)
Indian P&T Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS)
Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)
Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)
Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)
Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)
Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)
Indian Information Service (IIS)
Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
Indian Postal Service (IPoS)
Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)
Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT)
Indian Trade Service (ITS)
Railway Protection Force (RPF)
Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)
Group B Services
Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (AFHCS)
Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS)
Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS)
Pondicherry Civil Service (PCS)
Pondicherry Police Service (PPS)
Some tips on cracking UPSC examination
Know your syllabus
The syllabus is available over the UPSC official website. The aspirant should be well versed with the syllabus and should know it by heart.
Start your preparation early
There is no age limit as such but it is recommended that you should start preparing from the year you enter your undergraduate college or university.
Start off with NCERT’s
The NCERT syllabus is the best sync with the UPSC syllabus. The NCERT textbooks from classes 6 to 12 cover each and every aspect which will come in the UPS exam.
Focus on application of concepts
Rather than cramming the logic and concepts, focus on concept clearance and how they can be applied to any question. Practice previous year question paper to get an idea regarding this.
Follow only one book
Rather than following many books you should strategics your studying restricted to only two books per subject i.e. one NCERT and one standard book. Studying from multiple resources will not increase your knowledge; rather it will lead to confusion.
Make a routine and manage your time properly. Initially focus on your weaker subjects and topics. Give extra time to those subjects.
Note making should be precise and very concise but at the same point you should be clear that you are covering each and every topic.
Revise from mock test and previous year question papers
Solving previous year question papers will let you give you an idea over the pattern which is followed in the exam. And by joining mock tests series, you will work over your speed, accuracy and time management. Mock tests help you know where you stand and give you fair idea on your areas which require improvement.
Read newspaper daily
Start reading newspaper daily. You can prefer “The Hindu” or “the Times of India”. Mark the important dates, time, persons, events and places. Analyse them and write down in a diary. Also, observe the interconnection between them.
The best way to keep the fighting spirit alive is to stay self-motivated. Rather than getting motivated by your friends or colleagues, you should have the fire ignited in you. No one can stop you from clearing the IAS exam, if you are determined.
Internet to your rescue
There are many students who just leave the preparation because they cannot afford the expensive IAS coaching. So, rather than depending solely over the coaching centers, you can take help from the internet. All the study material is available over the internet that too for free. UPSCbuddy has compiled all the study material such as NCERT books and solutions, standard books, previous year question papers, notes etc. So you can download them absolutely for free.
Also, joining mock tests online will give you an idea where you stand on All India Level. As the online mock tests are given by aspirants from all over the India, so this will give you an idea over your rankings.
No need to buy newspapers and magazines such as Yojana as the e-copies of all print media are available on line and are 100% freely available. You can download them and can study them anywhere you want.
We also recommend you to read the blogs for ex-IAS toppers and get in touch with them. They will give you better insight into the examination. Moreover their inspiration journey will inspire you to crack the exam with full determination and hard work.
Stay connected with us for more details and updates on UPSC civil services.