Speech on Child Labour: Depriving children of their beautiful childhood by employing them in any kind of work below 14 years is called Child Labour. According to Article 23 of the Indian constitution, child labour is a prohibited act, and any person going against the law shall be punished severely for the act. Children are employed in factories as bonded labourers and as a help for household chores. They are forced to do maximum physical work for minimum wages.
Speech on Child Labour 500 Words in English
Below we have provided Child Labour Speech in English, written in easy and simple words for class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 school students.
Child labour refers to the exploitation of children by engaging them in hazardous working conditions. It is also defined as a work that deprives children of their childhood, education, potential and dignity. A child is crippled mentally, physically and morally, thus affecting his growth and development. Children of younger age work in factories, local shops, restaurants etc. to support their family.
According to the World Labour Report, child labour is forced labour because they are vulnerable and easily gullible. They lack in their position to give consent to any activities performed by them and are always determined by the adults around them. In India, the root cause of child labour is poverty. People live below the poverty line and starve to death due to lack of food. In such circumstances, education looks like a distant dream and children are forced to work.
This reminds me of a quote by Miss Prayani. “The hands which were meant for holding pens and books are washing dishes and serving plates.” Bonded labour is another reason that has a history of draining poor families. Rich landlords hire children by signing a contract and extract every ounce of blood left in them by giving strenuous work.
Furthermore, the demand for children for sexual pleasure is on the rise, thus encouraging trafficking to a massive level. Children are tormented, beaten and sold off to earn income. Since they are considered as breadwinners, any means are adopted to earn a living. Several NGO’s are working persistently to phase out child labour by sensitising locals about child trafficking.
Efforts have been made by the government to rule out the concept and practice of bonded labour from the remote areas of the country. Moreover, the government has passed an act called The factories act 1948, which prohibits the employment of children below the age of fourteen years in any factory. If this act is violated, then it is considered as a criminal offence and charged with a hefty fine.
Awareness programs, movements and campaigns are initiated against child labour which involves former child labourers, child activists, government officials, celebrities are invited to dispatch the ways to eliminate the rampant existence of child labour. It is not only the government’s and NGO’s responsibility to curb child labour but also common people should work together to fight against evil as it is eroding the overall development of a nation.
Children are the future generation, and continuing such practice is a curse to our Indian society. Voluntarily sponsoring children’s education and spreading awareness will assist in eliminating it at a rapid speed. The demand for children for domestic help, small industry, shop assistant, binding etc. should be discouraged. Due to the programs launched by the ministry of child education, child protection, etc. many children have found a new beacon of hope.
Lakhs of children are rehabilitated and provided a platform to restart their lives in a better way. It is essential to remind ourselves that a child is meant to learn not to earn. Thank you!
Short Speech on Child Labour 200 Words
Find below short speech on Child Labour, usually given for class 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 students.
Good morning respected Principal, teachers and my dear friends. My name is Rohan, Studying in class 8th, have been given this opportunity to enlighten us on a topic which is inhuman, severe and widespread in our country. Through this program, we are attempting to spread awareness and consciousness among the masses.
Children can be laboured in a factory, agriculture, mining or doing odd jobs. They are also forced to polish shoes, accumulate boxes, deliver items, etc. Poverty is the chief reason children are seen as breadwinners and pens and books gets replaced with doing dishes and setting the table in restaurants.
Bonded labour or slave labour being another reason makes a child servant forever until his/her kids are born to take over their place. Street children is another form of labour where a child sells flowers, or work as beggars.The prevalence of child labour affects the growth of a nation drastically. It is an evil which is deteriorating the quality of future generation.
The government enforced the factories act 1948; the mines act 1952 and other acts to eliminate this grave problem. Under this act, any person who employs children below the age of fourteen is punished and fined. Moreover, the victims are rehabilitated and provided with better living.
I would like to sum up by thanking my teacher and a wonderful audience for patiently hearing me out. Lastly, as a child, it is an appeal to all that my fellow friends and other children should be treated in a way that every human deserves to be. Their life should not be taken for granted, and collectively, we should work towards eradicating this cruel activity.