**Essay on Srinivasa Ramanujan:** Srinivasa Ramanujan was a renowned mathematician of India. He was born on 22nd December 1887 in Madras during the British Raj. Since childhood, he was drawn towards maths and took a particular interest in learning the subject. He did not receive formal education in mathematics but had mastered maths in various sections. During his time in Cambridge, he grew close to the great mathematician named Hardy. Together they invented the Hardy-Ramanujan number 1729. He got married at the age of 22 to Janakiammal on 14th July 1904. Several books were written by him based on his theories and formulas. He even received the K. Ranganatha Rao prize for mathematics. On 26th April 1920, he departed at the age of 32.

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## Essay on Srinivasa Ramanujan 500 Words in English

Below we have provided extended essay on Srinivasa Ramanujan, suitable for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 students.

Ramanujan was the maths genius who said that “An equation for me has no meaning unless it expresses a thought of God.” He always had a vision of scrolls of complicated maths unfolding before him. He is referred to as an Indian Mathematician who lived during the British period and who contributed substantially to mathematics analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions. He has been described by many as a simple person with pleasant manners.

Ramanujan was born on 22nd December 1887 into a Tamil Brahmin family in Erode, Madras. His father, Kuppuswamy Srinivasa Iyengar hailed from Thanjavur district and worked as a clerk in a saree shop. His mother, Komalatammal, was a housewife and used to sing at a local temple. They lived in a small traditional home. When Ramanujan was only a year and a half old, his mother was blessed with a son named Sadagopan but unfortunately died less than three months later.

In 1889, Ramanujan contracted smallpox but recovered, unlike many others who faced the death. Then, in 1891 and 1894, his mother again gave birth to two more children, but both of them died before their first birthdays. Since his father was at work most of the day, his mother took care of him, and their bond grew stronger. From his mother he learnt about the tradition and Puranas, to sing religious songs and to attend puja at a temple.

He became well versed with the Brahmin culture and followed particular eating habits. Just before turning ten, he passed his primary education in English, Tamil, geography and arithmetic. His scores were the best in the district. In the same year, he encountered formal mathematics for the first time. At the age of sixteen, he acquired a library copy of A Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics from a friend.

He studied the contents of the book thoroughly. The next year, he developed and investigated the Bernoulli numbers and calculate Euler’s constant up to 15 decimals. His peers could hardly understand his nature, and we’re always in awe because of his brilliance. Due to his extraordinary mind, he received a scholarship to study at Government Arts College, Kumbakonam. But he lost this scholarship because of his firm determination towards studying only maths and ignoring other subjects.

Later, too he failed in subjects like English, Sanskrit and physiology. In 1906, he flunked in his Fellow of Arts exam in December. Without a FA degree, he left college and decided to study independently in mathematics through research and referring books. Such a condition caused him extreme poverty, and he reached on the brink of starvation. He married Janakiammal on 14th July 1909 and took a job as a tutor at Presidency College.

Ramanujan met deputy collector V. Ramaswamy Aiyer in 1910, who was the founder of Mathematical society and wished to work in the revenue department. When Ramanujan showed his mathematics book to him, he stated that- “I was struck by the extraordinary mathematical results contained in Ramanujan’s books.” As he advanced further in maths, he even wrote his formal paper on the properties of Bernoulli numbers.

A journal editor M.T. Narayana Iyengar noted that Mr Ramanujan’s methods and presentation was terse and lacked precision and clearness. An ordinary person could hardly follow him. In England, he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts by Research degree. He was also elected to the London Mathematical Society. Ramanujan was the first Indian to be elected a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

In 1994, he died due to Tuberculosis and left the world. In the words of Hardy, Ramanujan had produced groundbreaking theorems and defeated him many times. He had never seen such theories in his life before. In his obituary, it was written that his insight into the subject was terrific and what he did was outstanding and remarkable.

The government of India in 2011, declared his birthday as National Mathematics Day to commemorate his valuable contribution and efforts. The former President even proclaimed that 2012 would be celebrated as National Mathematics Year.

## Short Essay on Srinivasa Ramanujan in 250 Words

Below we have provided a short essay on Srinivasa Ramanujan, suitable for class 3, 4, 5 & 6 students.

Srinivasa Ramanujan was a well-known Indian Mathematician who was born on 22nd December 1887 during the British rule. He was born in a poor Indian village, Erode belonging to a Tamil family. His father’s name was Kuppuswamy Srinivas Aiyangar who worked as a clerk in a saree shop, and his mother was a religious housewife. They lived in Erode only for a year and then moved to Kumbakonam.

In this small town, Ramanujan attended many primary schools and achieved a distinction in his primary education. At the age of thirteen, he focused his attention on the sum of geometric an arithmetic series and in 1902, he created a method to solve quadratic equations and even explored Euler’s Constant. In the same year, he received a scholarship for his outstanding performance in his studies, and therefore he got admission at Kumbakonam’s Government college.

His passion for mathematics grew more robust, and hence he excelled in maths but failed in other subjects. The failure caused him depression, and he fled to Vizagapatnam without telling his parents. One year later, he returned to study and pass at First Art’s examination but again failed in all and passed in maths. Ramanujan got married to his old distant relative Janaki Ammal.

Furthermore, he published his first paper based on Bernoulli numbers in Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society and received recognition and achievement. His hard work got paid off, and he was appointed as a clerk at Madras Port Trust. At this time, he became famous throughout Madras and caught the attention of C.L.T Griffith who helped Ramanujan. Later, Ramanujan graduated from London and held a degree of Science for research on highly composite numbers.

However, his health deteriorated and was diagnosed with Tuberculosis. He passed away on 26th April 1920. One of his famous quotes, “An equation means nothing to me unless it expresses a thought of God.” Still lingers in our memories and thoughts.

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