Essay on Subash Chandra Bose: Subash Chandra Bose was a great nationalist; people know him for his country’s love. He was born on 23rd of January in 1897 & his participation in the Independence movement took place by the Civil Disobedience Movement. He was also a member of Indian National Congress. He moved to Japan & started the formation of the Indian National Army in 1943.
Essay on Subhash Chandra Bose in English
Below we have provided Subhash Chandra Bose Essay in English, suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10.
When we hear the name Subhash Chandra Bose, the one thing that comes to our mind is the slogan he delivered while fighting against the British Raj “Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Main Tumhe Azadi Dunga.” (Give me blood, and I will give you freedom). He was also affectionately called Netaji and considered to be the prominent freedom fighter of the country. He was known for his untamed personality and was highly regarded and followed by many in India.
The entire world celebrates the birth of Subhash Chandra Bose on 23rd January 1897, Orissa. His father’s name was Janakinath Bose, and his mother’s name was Prabhabhati Bose, and he was the Ninth kid in his family. He belonged to an affluent family where his father was a wealthy and successful legal advisor and attained the title of “Rai Bahadur”. Subhash Chandra Bose was a brilliant student who possessed exemplary skills. He completed his graduation from Calcutta University and studied philosophy from the Presidency College in Calcutta.
Initially, he worked under Chittaranjan Das who was a member of Indian National Congress. He regarded Chittaranjan Das as his political guru and commenced on writing a paper named Swaraj. Furthermore, he also edited Das’s article called Forward and worked as the CEO of Calcutta Municipal Corporation. Later, he joined Non-cooperation and Khilafat movement and worked for freedom struggle based on Hindu-Muslim unity. After a few months, he left the campaign because he believed in the principle of violence, which created a difference of opinions between him and the members of the movement.
Formation of Indian National Army
In February 1943, Subhash Chandra Bose escaped to Germany in a submarine. Germans guaranteed him help from their end. Then, he took a risky route from there and reached Tokyo, Japan, as he gained their loyalty and respect. There he successfully managed to form an army of 40,000 soldiers who hailed from Singapore and other South-East Asian countries and was honoured to be the part of a freedom struggle. He named his newly formed army as the Indian National Army (INA).
The main objective of the military was to carry on a struggle that will bring about the suspension of the British and other allies from India. While addressing the army, he once declared that we have a grave fight against the enemy who is powerful, ruthless and unscrupulous. In this fight, while marching ahead, we will have to pave a way facing hunger, forced marches, and death. Only when you pass this test, you will taste freedom. He achieved the first victory by capturing Andaman and Nicobar Island and renamed them as Shaheed and Swaraj Islands.
The INA later disclosed Subhashji’s greatness as a leader and a skilful administrator. They further stated that he displayed remarkable grit and confidence and firmly believed in his army. Through him, the nation came under the revolutionary upsurge. The British faced massive blow and realized that the veins and blood of the Indians are filled with patriotism, and their service for the nation was powerful than a foreign power. Mahatma Gandhi admired his courage and ingenious attitude. His movement inspired the nation in an unprecedented manner, and their work for freedom struggle is a milestone in the history of independence.
According to the people, it is said that he boarded a flight from Singapore to reach Tokyo, Japan in 1945 on 17th August. But the next day the plane crashed. Witnesses confirm that he suffered third-degree burns and died on 18th August 1945. He was cremated later, and his ashes are kept at the Renkoji Temple of Nichiren Buddhism in Tokyo. The government of India hired several types of research to unearth the mysterious death of his admired and beloved leader, but it remains a mystery.
Essay on Subhash Chandra Bose in 150 Words
Below we have provided a short essay on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in English, written in easy and simple words for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 school students.
Subhash Chandra Bose or Netaji was described as the prince among patriots by Mahatma Gandhi for his resourcefulness and courageous persona. He was born on 23rd January 1897 in Cuttack to Janakinath Bose and Prabhabhati Bose. He was a ninth child among fourteen siblings. After topping in his matriculation exam, he graduated in philosophy from the Scottish Churches College in Calcutta. Swami Vivekanand teachings influenced him profoundly, and he became famous because of his patriotic zeal. He went to England in 1919 to prepare for the Indian Civil Service exam to fulfil his parents wish.
There he achieved the fourth rank in order of merit but left the apprenticeship midway because he was deeply heartbroken by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1921. He believed that India was a land loved by God, and no power on earth could keep it enslaved. As he arrived in India, he joined Non-cooperation and Khilafat movement to fight against the British but left it soon as he believed in violence and his ideas and thoughts differed from other members of the campaign. He was sent to jail several times. During his time in prison, he was elected as the Mayor of Calcutta.
In 1933, when he was released, he was exiled to Europe. After he returned to India, he was appointed as the president of the Indian National Congress and gained the support of Rabindranath Tagore and many others. After a couple of years, he left for Singapore and then to Japan. There he formed the military known as Indian National Army with 40,000 professional soldiers. He laid the slogan ‘Chalo Delhi’ from which he crossed the Indo-Burma border and defeated British fronts. With the help of the army, they could successfully capture Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Netaji was admired and loved by all for his outstanding contribution and robust energy. He will always be revered for the love he had for his country.