Essay on Swami Vivekananda: Swami Vivekananda was a spiritual leader, reformer, and a compassionate human being. He was born on 12th January 1863 in Kolkata. Born to an aristocratic family, he was exposed to the western culture from his childhood. But he had a strong spiritual inclination. Vivekananda excelled in his studies as a child and went on to graduate from the General Assembly’s Institution, now the Scottish Church College. His curiosity in Hindu scriptures and the existence of God led him to join Keshab Chandra Sen’s ‘Nava Vidhan’. He was also an active part of the Brahmo Samaj and was deeply influenced by Ramakrishna. In 1888, Vivekananda, as a wandering monk, found himself filled with sympathy and compassion for the poor people in India which eventually led him to deliver a speech at the ‘Parliament of World’s Religions’ at Chicago in 1893, representing India and Hinduism.
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Essay on Swami Vivekananda in 500 Words
Below we have provided an essay on Swami Vivekananda, suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 students.
Born to an aristocratic Bengali Kayastha family on 12th January 1863, Narendranath Datta was a scholar, philosopher, and an advocate of Hinduism. He later took the name Swami Vivekananda around 1886 which means ‘the bliss of discerning wisdom’. He spent his life in search of spirituality, divinity, and the development of his country. He was a strong supporter of Indian nationalism during the British supremacy, and his birthday is celebrated as the ‘National Youth Day’.
Narendranath was born at Gourmohan Mukherjee Street in Calcutta to Vishwanath Datta and Bhubaneswari Devi. He grew up with eight siblings and had an active interest in the spiritual facets of the world. Vivekananda was a gifted student, and he proved his excellence by scoring first-division marks in the Presidency College Examination. Apart from his interest in Indian classical music, Narendranath also took delight in literature, scriptures and art.
He studied Western Logic, Philosophy, and European History at the General Assembly’s Institute. He got his degree in Fine Arts in 1884. His thirst for wisdom led him to join the ‘Nava Vidhan’ and ‘Sadharan Brahmo Samaj’ led by Keshab Chandra Sen and Debendranath Tagore. Here, he started having a change of perspective on the existence of God and got introduced to new doctrines.
He started questioning if God existed and asked for answers from his peers and companions but in vain. It was only when he met Ramakrishna at Dakshineswar in 1881 that he got an answer. Still, it did not satisfy him. He refused to accept Ramakrishna’s sayings and revolted against him. The turning point of his life was when his father passed away in 1884, and he found himself seeking comfort in Ramakrishna’s teachings. He started considering him as his guru and became his disciple.
Narendranath lost Ramakrishna to throat cancer in 1886. Along with his other disciples, he went on to build the ‘Ramakrishna Math’ with the money accumulated from ‘holy begging’. He left the maths on foot to continue his journey of spreading the teachings of Ramakrishna. He later left India to go to Chicago. There he represented India at the ‘Parliament of Religions’ and introduced the world to Hindu religion.
His speech moved the mass of seven-thousand people, and he is still considered as one of the most dynamic orators in Indian history. After his speech, Swami Vivekananda went on to deliver lectures around the US and UK. He founded the ‘Vedanta Society’ at New York in 1894. He had a massive number of followers in the US and UK. After his return to India in 1897, he established the ‘Ramakrishna Mission’ basing its ideals on Karma Yoga. He also wrote several poems and essays.
He dedicated his book ‘Khandana Bhava- Bandhana’ to Ramakrishna. Other noteworthy works of Vivekananda are ‘Karma Yoga’, ‘Sangeet Kalpataru’, and ‘Bartaman Bharat’. Swami Vivekananda was considered as the ‘marker of modern India’ by Subhas Chandra Bose. Through his work and ideologies, he had influenced prominent figures like Mahatma Gandhi and inspired freedom fighters like Aurobindo Ghose, Bagha Jatin, and Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
He left a significant impact on the educational, cultural, political, and spiritual realm of the world when he passed away in Belur Math on 4th July 1902. His followers believed that he had attained ‘Maha Samadhi’ hence proving his prophecy of not living till 40 years of age.