Essay on Taj Mahal: The Taj Mahal is an immense mausoleum made of white marble by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. He built the Taj Mahal in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is located in Agra, on the banks of the river Yamuna. The monument has four minarets at each corner which surround the central part of the mausoleum, greatly influenced by Persian styles.
Essay on Taj Mahal
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Essay on Taj Mahal: Great art always inspired me, even as a kid. I remember visiting the magnificent Taj Mahal with my family a few years back. The Taj Mahal is situated on the southern banks of the river Yamuna. It is made up of white marble and reaches a height of up to 240 feet high. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his most pretty and favourite wife, Mumtaz. The tomb is the resting place of both of them’ coffins and is surrounded by luscious green gardens from three sides. The complex also has a mosque built within it.
The inspiration for building the Taj Mahal had come to Shah Jahan because of his eternal love towards Mumtaz Mahal. He built it in her remembrance when she died giving birth to their 14th child. The construction began in the year 1632. The complex wasn’t built together in one go; instead, it was constructed in stages. It is said that the raw materials needed to make the monument was brought from all around India and even outside it.
The white marble was brought from Rajasthan, Sapphire from Sri Lanka, crystal from China, and the turquoise were from Tibet. It took around 1,000 elephants to transport these raw materials and 22,000 labourers, including painters and stone cutters, to build this wonder. The Taj Mahal is considered to be the most remarkable example of Persian and Mughal architecture. The tomb in the centre of the complex is its main attractions. It rests on an asymmetrical cube with eight sides and has four minarets surrounding it.
The exterior decorations comprise carvings, reflective tiles and jalis (meshes). Sacred passages from the holy Quran are calligraphed on the walls. The interior of the monument consists of precious and semiprecious gemstones. The marble inside has engravings of fruits and flowers. Muslim tradition does not allow for much decoration on the graves; hence, Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal’s graves are quite plain. They are kept in an inside chamber. The gardens have walkways and a reflective pool that has running fountains in it.
The greenery includes flowers like roses and daffodils and also encompasses many fruit trees. The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world and attracts more than 8 million tourists per year. To avoid overcrowding, a visitor is given a ticket which is valid only for three hours. If any person is found to have exceeded this time limit, they are fined. The Taj Mahal tomb has been turning into a yellowish-brown colour due to pollution and acid rain. Hence, the government has taken out certain initiatives in this respect.