Essay on Tourism
Tourism is travel for fun, recreation, leisure or business purpose. Also, it is a temporary short-term stay of people to other places away from their usual environment.
It involves activities like sight-seeing and camping and is a medium to advertise a city or a country and generate revenue. It is the most desirable human activity. There are three types of tourism-domestic, inbound and outbound.
Historically, the ability to travel was restricted to royalty and the upper class. From ancient Roman to the 17th century, only young men of high standard were encouraged to travel to places on a grand tour.
Later, people evolved and initiated the religious pilgrimage journey, which gained popularity all over the world. Cox and Kings are the first-ever travel agency founded in 1758.
One hundred years later, Thomas cook opened the first leisure travel agency to help Britain improve their lives. He even formulated a package tour, including cost-effective tickets and a printed guide.
In India tourism started after independence in the early sixties. The organized efforts were made in 1945 to promote tourism under the leadership of Sir John Sargent, then educational advisor of India.
Types of Tourism
Domestic: It includes people travelling within their own country and not crossing international borders. According to ancient tourism, domestic is the first form of tourism. A holiday, mini-vacation or stay-cation are examples of domestic tourism. It has recently increased because of the introduction of labour rights associated with leisure and vacation, and better income.
Inbound: It involves the activities of non-residents travelling to a given country and staying there no longer than twelve consecutive months.
Outbound: It comprises people of the given country travelling to another country for leisure, business or to spend time with the family.
Tourism as an economy booster
Tourism acts as an economy booster as a significant portion of the capital is contributed through it. As compared to other avenues, it adds value to the growth and development of an economy.
It assists in generating revenue at a faster pace. It created employment opportunities for unemployed people. Several hotels, restaurants, nightclubs, cab service, create jobs through the supply of goods and services.
Therefore, even the remote areas get access to mainstream and a chance for progress. Their standard of living gets upgraded, and their family conditions improve.
It promotes and propagates cultural awareness across the world which further helps to preserve and nurture our local culture and tradition. The heritage builds engagement as various tourists visit sites and attractions that houses historic buildings, archaeological sites, regional, state or national parks, museums, art galleries, plays, concerts etc.
For any traveller or a visitor, their most memorable trip remains the one which allows them to learn new things and ideas as their focus is directed towards gaining enrichment.
After returning from such places to their homeland, these visitors become a patron of the literary cultures and urge others to visit and learn the same. This acts as a bonus and stepping stone to gain recognition worldwide and injects new money into the economy.
Furthermore, it also helps in strengthening relationships among local communities. Tourists create additional development of infrastructure like parks, resorts, gardens, museums, roads, public toilets, water systems etc.
The growth and expansion of a region depend upon the demand of that place among the visitors. Considering the priority of the travellers, facilities like transportation, healthcare, water management, waste management etc. are improved.
The government gets a clear idea and plan out expenses required to develop a destination and takes necessary measures to extend and enhance the transport facility as a sound transport system assists the tourism industry.
It not only increases better connectivity to remote areas but makes commuting a hassle-free experience.
Tourism gives a lift to foreign exchange in a more considerable amount. It is essential as a country becomes capable of paying for imported goods and services. Most noteworthy, it helps to determine a nation’s economic health and the well-being of all the citizens.
Moreover, it stimulates trade and commerce, especially in small sector business and is a powerful tool to develop a region socially, politically and economically.
Several destinations have implemented tourism taxes to raise funds and alleviate the adverse effects of tourism. It is a kind of tax levied indirectly on accommodation aimed at overnight visitors. Countries like Amsterdam and Edinburg have already started tourism taxes.
The problem in India regarding tourism
In India, the most challenging issue is inadequate infrastructure. The obstacles that hinder the growth are sordid hygienic conditions, less seat capacity, trained workforce, accommodation and access to remote tourist’s attraction.
Lack of aggressive online and other marketing strategies to promote India is another hurdle. Also, the cultural heritage and monuments of India are sitting in a filthy environment due to lack of funds to maintain them.
The increased human activity from outside countries, the chances of crime and human trafficking are at the peak, which diverts the attention of the government to spend money on crime control.
The visitors are sometimes are treated inhumanly and disrespected. This, in turn, causes disputes and violence, overall reducing the tourist count.
India is a country rich in flora and fauna and known for its vibrant vibe. Taj Mahal is a monument considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
Besides, the country experiences six different seasons where each corner exhibits different weather altogether. Also, India is famous for its dynamic culture and various cuisines, which lets it stand out and be unique from other countries.
Considering all these factors, it is crucial to enhance the tourism industry to transform the country from developing to develop one and eliminate poverty from the nation. Inbound and outbound tourism should be encouraged to support job creation and promote cross-cultural goodwill.
It is the fastest growing business in the world that has the potential to transform the living pattern of the communities and considered the most important channel of cultural exchange which breaks down the barrier of boundary and cultural differences.