What is the full form of UPSC?
UPSC stands for Union Public Service Commission or Sangh Lok Seva Aayog is a Central agency of India to conduct UPSC exam and recruit civil servants. Mainly UPSC is known by the name of IAS exams, which is being one of the most difficult and prestigious exam in India.
Additionally, the list of exams under listed ranges from Indian Forest Service exam (IFS), Indian Engineering service exam (IES), Indian Economic/Statistical service exam, The Geologists exam, Stenographer exam, Central Police Force Exam, Combined Medical Service exam, Combined defense service exam, NDA exam, and SCRA exam. In total UPSC is the gateway for 24 different government services platform.
Record of India’s pre-independence shows that, civil servants to be nominated in the East India Company were recruited by the Directors of the company and were trained at Haileybury College in London and then were posted in India.
In 1854, the concept of merit based modern Civil service in India was introduced and competitive exam was started in India from 1855.
Primarily, the civil service examinations were conducted only in London, with a minimum age of 18 years and maximum 23 years.
In 1864, first Indian Sri Satyendra Nath Tagore brother of Sri Rabindra Nath Tagore succeeded in the exam; following him 4 other Indians qualified the exam three years later.
From 1922, the Indian Civil Service Examinations were to be held in India. First Allahabad and then in New Delhi on the sole arrangement of Federal Public Service Commission.
Later, when Indian constitution came into being on January 26, 1950, Federal Public service Commission was transformed into Union Public Service Commission and Chairman and the members of the former concern became the Chairman and the members of the later concern with the acknowledgement of Clause (1) of Article 378 of the constitution of India.
Constitutional Provisions under UPSC
A list of provisions are there labelled under UPSC, with the grace of which many concerns are aligned as follows –
- Article-315 Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States.
- Article-316 Appointment and term of office of members.
- Article-317 Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission.
- Article-318 Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.
- Article-319 Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members.
- Article-320 Functions of Public Service Commissions.
- Article-321 Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions.
- Article-322 Expenses of Public Service Commissions.
- Article-323 Reports of Public Service Commissions.
Functions of Union Public Service Commission
Article 320, of the Constitution of India states that, “the commission is to be consulted in every matter of the recruitment of the civil servants and their relative posts”. The functions are as follows –
- Conduct civil examinations for the recruitment in the services of the Union.
- Direct recruitment in the union by selection through interviews.
- Appointment of gazette officers on absorption/promotion/deputation.
- Framing and making required amendments in the recruitment rules for different posts and services under the Central Government.
- Handle different disciplinary cases for the different posts of civil services.
- Advice the government on any matter relative to recruitment and commission by the President of India.
To start from the crux, aspirant should focus mainly on syllabus so that unnecessary wastage of effort and time could be saved. The UPSC prescribes a common syllabus for all the exams under it like Indian Administrative Services, Indian Foreign Services, Indian Police Services, Indian Revenue Services( Custom and central Excise). The exams for all these are conducted in three phases –
Phase 1 – Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination – Objective Type
Phase 2 – Civil Services (Mains) Examinations – Descriptive Type
Phase 3 – Personal Interview (Personality test)
Phase 1 – Civil services (preliminary) examinations are composed of two components including – General Studies (GS) of 200 marks for 2 hours – 100 questions are there in this section each of 2 marks and with a negative marking of .66 that will be deducted from the total marking of marked questions each time a question is answered wrongly.
The section includes questions from Indian Economics, History, Geography, Science and Technology, International Relations, associated current affairs from UPSC, Environment and Ecology.
Civil Service Aptitude test (CSAT) of 200 marks for 2 hours – 80 questions are there in this section, correctly answered question will award 2.5 marks for each question, while a negative marking of .833 will be there on the account of every wrong question marked.
This section checks out analytical reasoning questions, reading comprehension, and decision making questions. The decision making questions are exempted from the negative marks.
Un-attempted question will not attract any negative marking in its court. The marks obtained in the preliminary exams will not be added in the merit list as it is only for the subsequent stages of the exams.
Phase 2 – Civil Services (Mains) Exams – This is the second phase of the exam which is taken only by those candidates who have successfully qualified the preliminary exams.
This exam is conducted to test the academic in-depth knowledge of the subject. It consists of two papers of 300 marks each –
- Any Indian Language
- English Language paper
The eligibility criteria for qualifying English language papers belongs to – Essay of 100 marks , Precis writing of 60 marks, reading comprehension of 60 marks, Translation of English to a compulsory language Hindi of 20 marks and Compulsory language to English of 20 marks, Grammar and fundamental language usage of 40 marks.
Phase 3 – Personality Test/Interview (275 marks)
- Candidates who qualify the mains exam will be called for the last interview round. These candidates will be interviewed by the members of board appointed for a kin task.
- The interviewee is judged by an eye to competency and personal suitability for the civil services.
- Interview is generally conducted to test mental and analytical ability of the candidate to test their decision making power based on their presence of mind and logical reasoning. It is more of a conversational type to solve a purposive base.
Inevitabilities required for qualifying UPSC Exams
A thorough preparation between 9 to 12 months is enough to qualify any Civil Service examinations. Only disciplined and focused approach can assist the aspirants in qualifying the UPSC exams.
A logical, conceptual, contextual and analytical approach of preparation helps the candidates to do a full-fledged preparation. Being updated and consulting the most recommended books for preparation helps in clearing preliminary and mains examinations.
The notification for preliminary exam is issued in February every year. Applications are also available in the same month and applicants can fill the same by the end of March. The admit card is issued within the three weeks of the last date of application and the exam is held in t he month of June.
The notification for Civil Service Mains is issued in August/September. Application forms are also made available in the same month and the exam is conducted in October.
Again the notification for interview is issued in February/March and it is conducted in March/April with their results in April/June.
When syllabus is vast and exam is crucial the best tip one should follow is to set deadline for every topic and make notes of each focusing all the points discussed above. All the best!!!! 🙂