What is the full form of UPSC?
UPSC stands for Union Public Service Commission, or Sangh Lok Seva Aayog is a Central agency of India to conduct UPSC Exam and recruit civil servants. Mainly UPSC is known by the name of the IAS exam, which is being one of the most prestigious and challenging exams in India.
Additionally, the list of exams under-listed ranges from Indian Forest Service Exam (IFS), Indian Engineering service exam (IES), Indian Economic/Statistical service exam, The Geologists exam, Stenographer exam, Central Police Force Exam, Combined Medical Service exam, Combined defense service exam, NDA exam, and SCRA exam. In total, UPSC is the gateway for 24 different government services platform.
UPSC Historical Background
Record of India’s pre-independence shows that civil servants to be nominated in the East India Company was recruited by the Directors of the company and were trained at Haileybury College in London and then were posted in India.
In 1854, the concept of a merit based modern Civil service in India was introduced, and the competitive exam was started in India from 1855. Primarily, the civil service examinations were conducted only in London, with a minimum age of 18 years and a maximum of 23 years.
In 1864, the first Indian Sri Satyendra Nath Tagore brother of Sri Rabindra Nath Tagore succeeded in the exam; following him, four other Indians qualified the exam three years later. From 1922, the Indian Civil Service Examinations were to be held in India. First, Allahabad and then in New Delhi on the sole arrangement of the Federal Public Service Commission.
Later, when Indian constitution came into being on January 26, 1950, Federal Public service Commission was transformed into Union Public Service Commission and Chairman and the members of the former concern became the Chairman and the members of the later concern with the acknowledgment of Clause (1) of Article 378 of the constitution of India.
Constitutional Provisions under UPSC
A list of provisions are there labelled under UPSC, with the grace of which many concerns are aligned as follows –
- Article-315 Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States.
- Article-316 Appointment and term of office of members.
- Article-317 Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission.
- Article-318 Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.
- Article-319 Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members.
- Article-320 Functions of Public Service Commissions.
- Article-321 Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions.
- Article-322 Expenses of Public Service Commissions.
- Article-323 Reports of Public Service Commissions.
Functions of UPSC
Article 320 of the Constitution of India states that “the commission is to be consulted in every matter of the recruitment of the civil servants and their relative posts.” The functions are as follows –
- Conduct civil examinations for recruitment in the services of the Union.
- Direct recruitment in the Union by selection through interviews.
- Appointment of gazette officers on absorption/promotion/deputation.
- Framing and making required amendments in the recruitment rules for different posts and services under the Central Government.
- Handle different disciplinary cases for the different posts of civil services.
- Advice the government on any matter relative to recruitment and commission by the President of India.