UPSC Manipuri Literature Syllabus For IAS Mains 2020
Manipuri is one of the optional literature paper in IAS Mains Exam. It consists of two papers, i.e. (paper 1 and 2) carries 250 marks each, in a total of 500 marks. This paper is considered an easy one, for aspirants who are well versed with the Manipuri language and are familiar with the grammatical aspects too! It is considered an easy ride for northeastern candidates who are native Manipuri speakers and have a hold on the general aspects of the language. This article provides you with the latest Manipuri literature optional syllabus for UPSC IAS Mains 2020. Download the complete syllabus PDF from here.
UPSC Mains Manipuri Syllabus Paper – I
Answers must be written in Manipuri
Section A – Language
a) General characteristics of Manipuri Language and history of its development; its importance and status among the Tibeto-Burman Languages of North-East India; recent development in the study of Manipuri language; evolution and study of old Manipuri script.
b) Significant features of Manipuri language :
i) Phonology-Phoneme-vowels, consonants juncture, tone, consonant cluster and its occurrence, syllable-its structure, pattern and types.
ii) Morphology : Word-class, root and its types; affix and its types; grammatical categories-gender, number, person, case, tense and aspects, process of compounding (samas and sandhi).
iii) Syntax : Word order : types of sentences, phrase and clause structures.
a) Literary History of Manipuri : Early period (up to 17th century)-Social and cultural background; Themes, diction and style of the works.
Medieval period (18th and 19th century)- Social, religious and political background; Themes, diction and style of the works.
Modern period-Growth of major literary forms; change of Themes, diction and style.
b) Manipuri Folk Literature : Legend, Folktale, Folk song, Ballad, Proverb and Riddle.
c) Aspects of Manipuri Culture : Pre-Hindu Manipuri Faith; Advent of Hinduism and the process of syncreticism.
Performing arts-Lai Haraoba, Maha Ras; Indegenous games-Sagol Kangjei, Khong Kangjei, Kang.
UPSC Mains Manipuri Syllabus Paper – II
Answers must be written in Manipuri.
This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability to assess them.
Section A – Old and Medieval Manipuri Literature
a) Old Manipuri Literature
1. O. Bhogeswar Singh (Ed.) : Numit Kappa
2. M. Gourachandra Singh (Ed.) : Thawanthaba Hiran
3. N. Khelchandra Singh (Ed.) : Naothingkhong Phambal Kaba
4. M. Chandra Singh (Ed.) : Panthoibi Khonggul
b) Medieval Manipuri Literature :
1. M. Chandra Singh (Ed.) : Samsok Ngamba
2. R.K.Snahal Singh (Ed.) : Ramayana Adi Kanda
3. N. Khelchandra SIngh (Ed.) : Dhananjoy Laibu Ningba
4. O. Bhogeswar Singh (Ed.) : Chandrakirti Jila Changba
Section B – Modern Manipuri Literature
a) Poetry and Epic :
(I) Poetry :
a) Manipuri Sheireng (Pub) Manipuri Sahitya Parishad, 1988 (ed.)
- Kh. Chaoba Singh : Pi Thadoi, Lamgi Chekla Amada, Loktak
- Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Nirjanata, Nirab Rajani
- A. Minaketan Singh : Kamalda, Nonggumlakkhoda
- L. Samarendra Singh : Ingagi Nong, Mamang Leikai Thambal Satle
- E. Nilakanta Singh : Manipur, Lamangnaba
- Shri Biren : Tangkhul Hui
- Th. Ibopishak : Anouba Thunglaba Jiba
b) Kanchi Sheireng. (Pub) Manipur University 1998 (ed.)
- Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Biswa-Prem
- Shri Biren : Chaphadraba Laigi Yen
- Th. Ibopishak : Norok Patal Prithivi
(II) Epic :
1. A. Dorendrajit Singh : Kansa Bodha
2. H. Anganghal Singh : Khamba-Thoibi Sheireng (San-Senba, Lei Langba, Shamu Khonggi Bichar)
(III) Drama :
1. S. Lalit Singh : Areppa Marup
2. G.C. Tongbra : Matric Pass
3. A. Samarendra : Judge Sahebki Imung
b) Novel, Short-story and Prose :
(I) Novel :
1. Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Madhabi
2. H. Anganghal Singh : Jahera
3. H. Guno Singh : Laman
4. Pacha Meetei : Imphal Amasung, Magi Ishing, Nungsitki Phibam
(II) Short-story :
a) Kanchi Warimacha (Pub) Manipur University 1997 (ed.)
- R.K. Shitaljit Singh : Kamala
- M.K. Binodini : Eigi Thahoudraba Heitup Lalu
- Kh. Prakash : Wanom Shareng
b) Parishadki Khangatlaba Warimacha (Pub) Manipuri Sahitya Parishad 1994 (ed.)
- S. Nilbir Shastri : Loukhatpa
- R.K. Elangba : Karinunggi
c) Anouba Manipuri Warimacha (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1992 (ed.)
- N. Kunjamohon Singh : Ijat Tanba
- E. Dinamani : Nongthak Khongnang
(III) Prose :
a) Warenggi Saklon [Due Part (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1992 (ed.)
- Kh. Chaoba Singh : Khamba-Thoibigi Wari Amasung Mahakavya
b) Kanchi Wareng (Pub) Manipur University 1998 (ed.)
- B. Manisana Shastri : Phajaba
- Ch. Manihar Singh : Lai-Haraoba
c) Apunba Wareng. (Pub) Manipur University, 1986 (ed.)
- Ch. Pishak Singh : Samaj Amasung, Sanskriti
- M.K. Binodini : Thoibidu Warouhouida
- Eric Newton : Kalagi Mahousa (translated by I.R. Babu)
d) Manipuri Wareng (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1999 (ed.)
- S. Krishnamohan Singh : Lan
Also, Check Other UPSC IAS Optional Subject’s Syllabus
Facts about the Manipuri Language
Manipuri or Meitei is the official language of the state of Manipur. According to statistics around 15, 00,000 people all across the globe speak this language. It is an officially recognized language by the government of our country.
Not just in the state of Manipur, this language is also spoken in other scattered parts of the northeastern ranges. Manipuri is accompanied by five other locally relevant languages plus English in the state of Manipur.
This language receives its origins from the northeastern part of our country’s history. So this language is prominently grouped under the Sino-Tibetan group of languages. The language has its own script too and the very first time a written script in the Manipuri language originated can be dated back to the 18th century.
But the spoken language is much older, belongs to the 11th century. It so happened that during the British era, due to cultural similarities and existential, habitual co-efficient, the script part of the language became popular as the Bengali script instead of the Manipuri script.
This journey of the Manipuri script as the ‘Bengali script’ continues till date, but ancestral Manipuri dwellers identify the sanctity and origin of their own native script and connect well with it.
The most popular form of dialect adopted by the locals of Manipur is the Bishnupriya Manipuri, which is popular among the Bishnupriya community of the state. This has a little drift from the original form of Manipuri language, mainly because linguists have grouped it under the Indo Aryan group of languages.
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