UPSC Marathi Literature Syllabus For IAS Mains 2020
Marathi is one of the optional literature paper in IAS Mains Exam. It consists of two papers, i.e. (paper 1 and 2) carries 250 marks each, in a total of 500 marks. This paper is considered an easy one, for aspirants who are well versed with the Marathi language and are familiar with the grammatical aspects too! It is considered an easy ride for Maharashtrian candidates who are native Marathi speakers and have a hold on the general aspects of the language. This article provides you with the latest Marathi literature optional syllabus for UPSC IAS Mains 2020. Download the complete syllabus PDF from here.
UPSC Mains Marathi Syllabus Paper – I
Section A – Language and Folk-Iore
- Nature and Functions of Language (with reference to Marathi) Language as a signifying system : Langue and Parole; Basic functions; Poetic language; Standard Language and dialect; Language variations according to social parameters. Linguistic features of Marathi in the thirteenth century and seventeenth century.
- Dialects of Marathi Ahirani; Varhadi; Dangi
- Marathi Grammar Parts of Speech; Case-system; Prayogvichar (Voice)
- Nature and kinds of Folk-lore (with special reference to Marathi) Lok-Geet, Lok Katha, Lok Natya
Section B – History of Literature and Literary Criticism
a. History of Marathi Literature
- From beginning to 1818 AD, with special reference to the Mahanubhava writers, the Varkari poets, the Pandit poets, the Shahirs, Bakhar literature.
- From 1850 to 1990, with special reference to developments in the following major forms : Poetry, Fiction (Novel and Short Story), Drama; and major literary currents and movements, Romantic, Realist, Modernist, Dalit Gramin, Feminist.
b. Literary Criticism
- Nature and function of Literature
- Evaluation of Literature
- Nature, Objectives and Methods of Criticism
- Literature, Culture and Society
UPSC Mains Marathi Syllabus Paper – II
Textual study of prescribed literary works. The paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.
Section A – Prose
- Mahatma Jotiba Phule “Shetkaryacha Asud; ‘Sarvajanik Satyadharma’
- S.V. Ketkar ‘Brahmankanya;
- P.K. Atre ‘Sashtang Namaskar’
- Sharchchandra Muktibodh ‘Jana Hey Volatu Jethe’
- Uddhav Shelke ‘Shilan’
- Baburao Bagul ‘Jevha Mi Jaat Chorli Hoti’
- Gouri Deshpande ‘Ekek Paan Galavaya’
- P.I. Sonkamble ‘Athavaninche Pakshi’
Section B – Poetry
- Namadevanchi Abhangawani’ Ed: Inamdar, Relekar, Mirajkar Modern Book Depot, Pune
- ‘Painjan’ Ed : M.N. Adwant Sahitya Prasar Kendra, Nagpur
- ‘Damayanti-Swayamvar’ By Raghunath Pandit
- ‘Balakvinchi Kavita’ By Balkavi
- ‘Vishakha’ By Kusumagraj
- ‘Mridgandh’ By Vinda Karandikar
- ‘Jahirnama’ By Narayan Surve
- ‘Sandhyakalchya Kavita’ By Grace
- ‘Ya Sattet Jeev Ramat Nahi’ By Namdev Dhasal
Also, Check Other UPSC IAS Optional Subject’s Syllabus
Facts about the Marathi Language
Marathi is the native language of the state of Maharashtra. It is an Indo Aryan language and is one of the most widely spoken languages in the country. It stands in the 4th place amongst the widely spoken languages in the country. Marathi belongs to the 10th century, and the language is a derivative of the Sanskrit and Pali scripts.
Marathi literature flourished in history under the reigns and rules of prominent dynasties and rulers. They adopted their patronage in this language and contributed to the overall popularity and growth of the language.
The Jadhav dynasty finds a clear mention in history and is believed to have taken the first foot forward in patronising Marathi language to what it is today. The dynasty rulers made Marathi the language of all their official transactions in the bygone era and encouraged their men to study and learn in the Marathi language.
Not just the rulers, the Panthan belonging to particular religious sects popularised the language in the form of prose and poetry. It is these Panth communities that are majorly responsible for the overall growth and spread of the language and the literature across different corners of the state.
There are about 90 million speakers of Marathi worldwide, and among the Indo Aryan language groups, it is also claimed to be the oldest one. It is around 1300 years old.
The spoken form of the language is a direct Sanskrit derivative, while the written part detailing the syntax and important grammatical points pertain to the Pali language officially. Marathi was considered the official language of the Shatavahana dynasty.
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