UPSC Odia Literature Syllabus For IAS Mains 2020
Odia is one of the optional literature paper in IAS Exam. It consists of two papers, i.e. (paper 1 and 2) carries 250 marks each, in a total of 500 marks. This paper is considered an easy one, for aspirants who are well versed with the Odia language and are familiar with the grammatical aspects too! It is considered an easy ride for those candidates who are native Odia speakers and have a hold on the general aspects of the language. This article provides you with the latest Odia literature optional syllabus for UPSC IAS Mains 2020. Download the complete syllabus PDF from here.
UPSC Odia Literature Optional Syllabus Paper-I
Answers must be written in Oriya.
History of Oriya Language:
(i) Origin and development of Oriya Language-Influence of Austric, Dravidian, Perso-Arabic and English on Oriya Language.
(ii) Phonetics and Phonemics : Vowels, Consonants Principles of changes in Oriya sounds.
(iii) Morphology : Morphemes (free, bound compound and complex), derivational and inflectional affixes, case inflection, conjugation of verb.
(iv) Syntax : Kinds of sentences and their transformation, structure of sentences.
(v) Semantics-Different types of change in meaning Euphemism.
(vi) Common errors in spellings, grammatical uses and construction of sentences.
(vii) Regional variations in Oriya Language (Western, Southern and Northern Oriya) and Dialects (Bhatri and Desia)
History of Oriya Literature:
(i) Historical backgrounds (social, cultural and political) of Oriya Literature of different periods.
(ii) Ancient epics, ornate kavyas and padavalis.
(iii) Typical structural forms of Oriya Literature (Koili, Chautisa, Poi, Chaupadi, Champu).
(iv) Modern trends in poetry, drama short story, novel, essay and literary criticism.
UPSC Odia Literature Optional Syllabus Paper-II
Answers must be written in Oriya.
Critical Study of texts –
The paper will require first hand reading of the text and test the critical ability of the candidate.
1. Sãralã Das-Shanti Parva from Mãhãbharãta.
2. Jaganãth Das-Bhãgãbate, XI Skandha-Jadu Avadhuta Sambãda.
3. Dinãkrushna Dãs-Rasakallola- (Chhãndas-16 & 34)
4. Upendra Bhanja-Lãvanyabati (Chhãndas-1 & 2)
5. Rãdhãnãth Rãy-Chandrabhãgã
6. Mãyãdhãr Mãnasinha-Jeevan Chitã
7. Satchidãnanda Routray-Kabitã-1962
8. Ramãkãnta Ratha-Saptama Ritu.
9. Manoranjan Dãs-Kãtha-Ghodã
10. Bijay Mishra-Tata Niranjanã
11. Fakir Mohan Senãpati-Chhamãna Ãthaguntha
12. Gopinãth Mohanty-Dãnãpãni
13. Surendra Mohãnty-Marãlãra Mrityu
14. Manoj Dãs-Laxmira Abhisara
15. Chittaranjan Dãs-Taranga O Tadit (First five essays).
16. Chandra Sekhar Rath-Mun Satya-dhãrma Kahuchhi (First five essays)
Also, Check Other UPSC IAS Optional Subject’s Syllabus
Facts about the Odia Language
The Oriya language is known as Odia, which originated from the term ‘Odra’ in Sanskrit. The term Odra was specifically used to refer to the Odrakas, who is mentioned in particular places in the epic Mahabharata. Oriya is spoken widely in the state of Orissa.
Apart from this, it is also quite popular amongst the states of Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh. It’s quite interesting to know that more than 31 million people India speak in Oriya, and it’s officially the language used in the state of Orissa. The state of Jharkhand also uses the language widely, hence considered the second official language of the state.
The oldest phase of Oriya can be found inscribed on coins of ancient rulers, inscriptions, copper plates, manuscripts etc. This is the most ancient phase where the Oriya language was used, and researchers have been able to trace down the language from these sources.
The next phase of the language is the middle phase which is again subdivided into the old middle phase, the exact middle phase and the late middle phase. The earliest part of the middle phase brings in a new trend into the language, and this is seen in the architectural marvels of the iconic Jagannath temple at Puri.
The middle phase became more synonymous with long poems, a trendsetting event that took place by five renowned poets of Oriya fame at that time, and they were popular as Panchashakhas. In the late middle phase, poems were again popular, but another trend setting activity paved the way for new styles and experimentation in literature.
This is the introduction of novel writing within poems. So, the middle phase was mostly about poems, but every part of the middle phase brought along its own unique style, sticking to the creation of poems with slight or big modifications within them.
The modern Oriya language paved its new feet from 1850 onward’s creating new inroads for different kinds of styles, experimentation’s and trendsetting in the modern era. Poems gave way to a huge new set of publications, stories, fictions, newspaper and magazine writing, content for the print media and much more.
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