Persian Literature Syllabus For UPSC 2020
IAS Exam has one of the optional literature paper as Persian. It has two papers (1 & 2), each of 250 marks summing up to 500 for the paper. Duration of each paper is 3 hours. This paper proves to be a scoring subject for aspirants who are well versed & acquainted with the Persian language. Having knowledge of the grammatical aspects of the language is also important. It is easy to crack this optional subject for those who are native Persian speakers and familiar with it. This article provides you with the latest Persian literature syllabus for UPSC IAS Mains 2020.
UPSC Persian Optional Syllabus (Paper 1 and 2) – PDF Download
UPSC Mains Persian Syllabus Paper – I
There will be two questions which must be answered in Persian. The remaining questions must be answered either in Persian or in the medium of examination opted by the candidate.
1. (a) Description of the origin and development of Persian language (to be answered in Persian).
(b) Applied Grammar, Rhetorics, Prosody, Idioms and Phrases frequently used.
(i) Grammar : Ism and its kinds, Zamir-e-Muttasil and Munfasil, Murakkabi-Tausifi, Murakkab-i-Izafi, Ismi-Ishara, Musharun Elaih, Fel and its kinds, Tenses, Gardan, singular and plural, Jumleh and its kinds.
(ii) Rhetorics : Tajnees, Ishteqaq, Luzum-ma-la-yalzum, seyaqatul Aadad, Qalb, Tarsee, Esteaara, Maratun Nazir, Laff-o-Nashr, Iham, Husn-i-Taalil, Tajahuli-Aarefaneh, Talmih, Tansiqus Sifat.
(iii) Prosody : Bahri-Muzara, Ramal, Mutaqarib, Tawil, Hazaj, Kamil.
1. Short essay in Persian-250 words (to be answered in Persian).
2. History of Persian Literature in Iran and India; Literary criticism and styles; trends in classical and modern literature; socio-cultural influences, development of modern literary genres including drama, novel, short story.
UPSC Mains Persian Syllabus Paper – II
There will be two compulsory questions–one each in textual portions of prose and poetry which are to be answered in Persian. The remaining questions are to be answered either in Persian or in the medium of examination opted by the candidate.
This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.
1. Nizami Aroozi Samarqandi : Chahar Maqala :
2. Qabus.b, Washmgir : Qabus Nama :
(i) Dar Shinakhtan-e-Haqq-e-Pidar-wa- Madar
(ii) Dar Bishi Justan Az Sukhandani
(iii) Dar Talib Ilmi Wa Faqih Wa Fuqaha
3. Sadi Shirazi : Gulistan :
(i) Dar Tasir-e-Suhbat
4. Moh. Awfi : Jawameul Hikayat :
(i) First Ten Hikayaat
5. Ziauddin Burney : Tarikh-i-Firozshahi :
(i) Wasaya-i-Sultan Balban Be Farzand-e-Buzurg
6. Abul Fazl Ain-e-Akbari:
(iii) Ain-e-Manzil Dar Yurisha
(iv) Ain-e-Cheragh Afrozi
(i) Dash Akul
8. Mohd. Hijazi :
1. Firadausi : Shahnama :
2. Khayyam : Rubaaiyat (Radif Alif and Be)
3. Saadi Shirazi : Bustan:
4. Amir Khusrau: Majmua-i-Diwan-e-Khusrau. (Radif Dal)
5. Maulana Rum: Mathnawi Maanawi
(First Half of Daftar Duwwum)
6. Hafiz : (Radif Alif and Dal)
7. Urfi Shirazi : Qasaaid :
(i) Iqbal-e-Karam Migazad Arbabi-Himam Ra.
(ii) Har Sukhta Jane Ki Ba Kashmir Dar Ayad.
(iii) Sabah-e-Idd Ke Dar Takiyagah-e-Naz-u-Naeem.
8. Ghalib : Ghazaaliyat (Radif Alif)
9. Bahar Mashhadi :
(i) Dar Barabad-e-Khuda
11. Nimayushij :
Note :- Textual portions of prose and poetry are to be explained in Persian compulsorily.
Also, Check Other UPSC IAS Optional Subject’s Syllabus
Facts about the Persian Language
What English is for today in our modern set up, the same role Persian conveyed in a bygone era in our own subcontinent. Persian also is known as the Farsi language was very popular and ruling in our country at a time when English was not quite popular.
We can’t exactly say that English has replaced the nuances of Persian, yet the language lost its original vitality that was present many years ago.
Persian was, many years ago, one of the official languages that played a communicating language for administrative purposes in India. The language made an entry into India mainly because of the influence of the migrant central Asian community that slowly made inroads into our country.
These central Asians were in particular known as the Persiophile central Asians, and they migrated to our land as early as the 12th century. It is also recorded in history that the language was a favourite with Rabindranath Tagore’s father that he always loved reading a 14th century Iranian poet’s works. Raja Ram Mohan Roy knew the language and its literary counterpart so well that he chose to edit a Farsi newspaper during his times.
One of the earliest and well established quotes and references to Persian can be found in the 17th century communication between Maratha warrior Chhatrapati Shivaji and Jai Singh of Rajasthan. Farsi, as it was known earlier, became more popular in the 19th century when a blend of Persian and English form became popular among the high society Bengali circles.
The language is of very great influence on the Hindi language that we know today. It is also claimed that Hindi as a name derived from a Persian word that meant ‘Indian’. The language spread its popularity with great vigour, but until the British came and conquered the shores of Indian culture.
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